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Individual in Society: The Biopsychosocial Model in Nursing - Term Paper Example

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The purpose of this paper is to investigate the reason for developing the biopsychosocial nursing care model from the biomedical approach and to determine both the social cause of disease as well as health and illness behavior in relation to the biopsychosocial model…
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Individual in Society: The Biopsychosocial Model in Nursing
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Download file to see previous pages Further, the same approach pertaining to stress, and disadvantages to health during life course and end of life will be discussed.
Definition: The biopsychosocial model of nursing is based on the importance of meeting biological, psychological and social needs of patients for maintaining good health, and does not focus only on illness and the physical body. The biopsychosocial model considers both health and illness, taking multiple factors into account, not considering illness as a deviation from a steady physical state (Taylor 2006).
The biomedical model of medicine helps to treat individuals only on the biological aspects of the illness or disease, while the psychological and social factors are not taken into consideration. The biomedical model does not explain why a particular set of somatic conditions need not necessarily lead to disease in every case. “Criticisms of the biomedical model led to the development of the biopsychosocial model of western medicine” (Butler et al 2004, p.219). The recognition that all illnesses have both mental and physical components gave rise to the general systems theory based on the dynamic relationship between components of systems, as in the biopsychosocial model.
The biopsychosocial model formed the basis of the concept of triple diagnosis, or diagnoses at three levels: the biological or physical, the psychological or mental, and the social or contextual. This relates to the systems theory approach to health and illness. This theory maintains that all levels in any entity are linked to each other hierarchically and that change at any one level affects change at all the other levels. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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