According to Kearny-Nunnery (2010), this model involves a clientele who is a system in continuous interaction with intrapersonal, interpersonal, and extra personal influences. The above factors are the primary causes…
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Kearny-Nunnery (2010) notes that the model consists of five variables that are fundamental to its application in life. These five factors are, developmental, psychological, sociocultural, physiological, and spiritual.
According to Skalski, DiGerolamo & Gigliotti (2006), the physiological variable involves the structures and the body functions while as the psychological variable involves the mental processes of the clientele, such as the emotions. Skalski, DiGerolamo & Gigliotti (2006), continues to note that the developmental variable involves the development stages of any person, such as from childhood to adulthood through adolescence. The social cultural variable involves the relationships and activities of the individual while spiritual denotes to the effect of spiritual beliefs. The main goal of nursing in this model is upholding the prime wellness of the client.
The actions of nurses should be introduced in order to preserve, achieve, and uphold the maximum fitness and wellness for the clientele by means of three preclusions to keep the systems steady. The three preclusions involve primary interventions, secondary interventions, and tertiary interventions. In most cases, the primary interventions happen before the rest. They normally occur before the structure reacts to a stressor. In addition, the secondary interventions focus on avoiding harm to the central core through consolidation of the interior lines of resistance and eliminating the stressor. Lastly, the tertiary prevention involves the whole system and occurs after the system has undergone secondary prevention schemes (Fawcett 925). The tertiary prevention strategy lenders backing to the client and enhances vigor into the system.
The primary objective for Neuman when coming up with her concept was to prevent any stressors for clienteles through the three preventions from her model. Nueman gives examples of stressors to be nervousness,
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The intent behind the theory is to organize and put forth the structure of nursing knowledge and to explain the various aspects of nursing knowledge. A number of people have emphasized upon the complexity of the nursing profession. Orem herself observed once that if nursing is scrutinized under the lens of human practical science, one can appreciate how complicated and intricate it is (Marriner-Tomey & Alligood, 2006).
I have chosen Dreyfus model to discuss on the acquisition of skills to enhance nurse-patient relationship. According to this model of nursing theory, acquisition of skills through external instruction by individuals passes 5 important stages which are Novoice, Competence, Proficiency, Expertise and Mastery (Benner, 1984).
According to Health Workforce Solutions (2008a), this model was driven by the dissatisfaction of nurses on task-oriented care deliveries and lack of consistent methods on care deliveries. It meant that the quality of care delivery, which is usually implemented in hospitals, is based on recognized clinical tasks depending on the needs of the patients, which suffice the medical requirements for recovery.
With the help of a due analysis, it has been realized that that this particular theory has long-term benefits that can provide a greater deal of advantages to the overall aspects of nursing in long run.
The evolution of modern nursing models can be traced to the emergence of nursing as an independent field of knowledge and profession in the middle of 19th century when Florence Nightingale differentiated nursing from medicine. Nightingale's model relies exclusively upon the idea that the nurse plays decisive role in shaping the nursing environment to promote the well being of patients (Nightingale, 1859).
This paper is a discussion of Sister Callista Roy and John Broadus Watson. More specifically the discussion examines their nursing theories and the applicability and relevancy to nursing. The two had many of the same views and tenets about nursing and this paper will present a discussion of both including a comparison and contrast of their nursing theories.
The Glaserian grounded theory is an inductive qualitative methodology that permits the researcher to identify the main problem of a group of persons and the behaviors they use to solve their main problem; thus, this theory applies to research. In this theory the main
The education for nurses also moved into the college and university setting, allowing for greater personal development through degreed programs. Additionally, nursing theories were developed in regards to how a patient was observed and interviewed, taking in a more
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