Free

The biomedical model - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The biomedical model of medicine is the current, dominant model used by physicians in the diagnosis of disease. This model mainly focuses on the physical processes, such as the pathology, the biochemistry and the physiology of a disease. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.3% of users find it useful
The biomedical model
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The biomedical model"

Introduction The biomedical model of medicine is the current, dominant model used by physicians in the diagnosis of disease. This model mainly focuses on the physical processes, such as the pathology, the biochemistry and the physiology of a disease.
The biomedical model of illness combines several closely related sets of beliefs, which can be summarised as follows: (Wade D, Halligan P, 2004.)
1. All illness, symptoms and signs are due to an underlying abnormality in the body, which is called disease.
2. Eventually, all diseases give rise to symptoms, “and although other factors may influence the consequences of the disease, they are not related to its development or manifestations.” (Wade D, Halligan P, 2004.)
3. The absence of disease is the basis of health.
4. Mental phenomena, like emotional disturbance, delusions etc., “are separate from and unrelated to other disturbances of bodily function.” (Wade D, Halligan P, 2004.)
5. Little or no responsibility can be attributed to the patient for the presence or cause of the illness. He is only a victim of circumstances.
6. Although cooperation with treatment is expected from a patient, he is a passive recipient of the treatment.
Concerns about the impact of the biomedical model in providing health care
In the biomedical health-care system, the care provider does not have enough time to listen to all of the patient’s concerns and thus offers ineffective care. The system does not address the many psychological risk factors for both morbidity and mortality, and ignores the psychosocial aspects. This leads to unnecessary utilization of medical and surgical services. Further, the current model does not fully tackle issues like “treatment adherence and lifestyle improvement or psychological interventions for acute illness, and management of stressful medical procedures.” (Levant R, 2005)
Success and strength of the biomedical model
The biomedical model has proved to be effective at diagnosing and treating most diseases and has “been associated with huge improvement in medical care.” (Wade D, Halligan P, 2004.) Throughout the course of history, the model has established the reasons for the occurrence of diseases, and has come up with very effective treatment strategies. “The biomedical model is clearly relevant for many disease based illnesses, has intuitive appeal, and is supported by a wealth of supporting biological findings.”(Wade D, Halligan P, 2004.)
Drug-based treatment and surgical procedures have become far more effective as well as safer for the individual.
Numerous lives have been saved through interventions such as treatment of trauma, cancer, and the reduction of mortality from cardiovascular disease. These are definitely significant contributions to society (Thiele D, 2004.)
Weakness and drawbacks of the biomedical model
The biomedical model does not take into account the role of a persons psychology or society in the cause of disease and its treatment. By ignoring the patient’s psychology, the care provider might see only a ‘patient’ or a ‘case’ and not the real person behind it.
The biomedical model of illness may not be able to fully explain many forms of illness.
This is because of the assumption that all illness has a single underlying cause, which is disease (pathology) and that removal or attenuation of the disease will result in a return to health. However, evidence exists that this assumption is wrong. (Wade D, Halligan P, 2004).
This assumption “has led to medicalisation of commonly experienced anomalous sensations and often disbelief of patients who present with illness without any demonstrable disease process.” (Wade D, Halligan P, 2004). In other words, it can be said that the biomedical model does not explain functional somatic syndromes and illness without evident disease.
Conclusion:
Although the biomedical model is effective in the diagnosis of a disease, and in developing treatment strategies and surgical procedures, the limitations of the medical model cannot be denied.
The model does not effectively incorporate psychological, psychosocial, or spiritual factors. In order to be a truly useful model it should be radically changed so that it incorporates the above factors. There is a need to transform our biomedical health-care system to one based on the biopsychosocial model, which recognises psychological and social factors.
******************************************************************************
REFERENCES
Levant R. (2005). Health care for the whole person . Retrieved November 3, from http://www.apa.org/monitor/may05/pc.html
Thiele D. (2004). Impact of the biomedical model of disease for aboriginal people. Retrieved November 4, from http://www.latrobe.edu.au/aipc/HTML%20abstracts/Thiele,%20D-270.html
Wade D, Halligan P. (2004). Do biomedical models of illness make for good healthcare systems? BMJ; 329:1398-1401.  Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“The biomedical model Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
The biomedical model Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/biology/1535257-the-biomedical-model
(The Biomedical Model Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
The Biomedical Model Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words. https://studentshare.org/biology/1535257-the-biomedical-model.
“The Biomedical Model Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/biology/1535257-the-biomedical-model.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The biomedical model

Biomedical/Biopsychosocial Model

...?Biomedical/Biopsychosocial Model The Bio-medical and Biopsychosocial Model and McKeown/Hyperkinesis Theory The biopsychosocial model of illness is an extension of the earlier biomedical model. It is a model that utilizes a new approach to the relationship between social, psychological, and biological factors in illness and health. The model proposes that the action of a human being is in the form of an interactive system through which the biological factors associate with the social factors and psychological factors; the interactions occur “within the social context of human activity and existence” (Janowski 2009, p11). The model distinguishes two sides and they include somatopsychic and psychosomatic relationships. Psychosomatic... to...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

The biomedical model of health

...? Walker, M K0136881 PSY1004N Applications of psychology: The biomedical model of Health The biomedical model of health Introduction In health psychology it is seen that health is defined by different models. One such model is the biomedical model of health which revolves around the aspect of a healthy body. The model was introduced in the nineteenth century and has been used widely to diagnose diseases by the doctors. According to the model every disease or disorder is caused by a physical harm. In other words the diseases or disorders are caused by germs or genes which...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Sociology of health/ the biomedical and socio medical model of health

...The Biomedical and Socio-Medical Model of Health Introduction Health is defined differently following the medical and biomedical models of health. While the social model defines it as a state of total physical, mental, and social well-being, the biomedical model has ruled that this definition is weak as it lacks operational value. The biomedical model insists that the health of an individual is affected when a disease, which implies specific malfunctions of the human body, affects the individual. The biomedical model is more practical when compared to...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Biomedical model of Health and Illness

...Health Psychology The biomedical model of health and disease is one that s back to the 19th century and is much a product of the zeitgeist of its time. The biomedical model of health and disease purports that the body is a machine and its operation is governed by the same laws of physics that apply to the running of a machine. Under this model disease is viewed as a malfunction of the complicated machinery that is the human body. This model has been effective in treating diseases over the course of centuries in that it focuses on pathology, physiology and the biochemical changes underlying many of the diseases we see today. In dealing...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Is Biomedical Model out of Date

... Biomedical research model and model systems are the main components which aim at improving human health. Throughout the history of western science the development of biology has gone in hand with that of medicine. Many models had been proposed and one such model is the biomedical model. The biomedical model has found the formation and defined the character of American medical practice and education (Ludmerer 1985) .The main focus of this model is on the pathology, the biochemistry and the physiology of a disease. The role of the person's mind or society in the cause and...
6 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Biomedical Ethics

...and Number Bio- "LOGICAL" Warfare! Thesis ment: Biomedical research should find a constructive critic in the face of Ethical dignitaries to give an impetus in the process of improving quality of human life through advance in technology rather than being impeded by it. A: 'Congenital Birth Defects reduced by a significant percentage. Situation only to improve in near future.' 'The most common stress induced Heart Attacks scientifically known as Myocardial infarction has now a completely recoverable cure.' 'Alzheimer's and Parkinson's on the verge of eradication' A': "Human synthesis factory exposed" "Parents discard offspring's with undesirable traits. Fetal stem cell trade on the rise." "Mass unrest over speculations of...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Is biomedical model out of date

...Is biomedical model out of date? Biomedical research model and model systems are the main components which aim at improving human health. Throughout the history of western science the development of biology has gone in hand with that of medicine. Many models had been proposed and one such model is the biomedical model. The biomedical model has found the formation and defined the character of American medical practice and education (Ludmerer 1985) .The main focus of this model is on the pathology, the biochemistry and the physiology of a...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Discuss two of the following models of health : BIOMEDICAL MODEL, LIFESTYLE THEORY, SOCIAL MODEL,LAY DEFINITIONS OF HEALTH AND/OR THE WELLNESS MODEL

...Comparison between the Biomedical and Biopsychosocial Models of Health Introduction According to WHO (1946) "Health is a of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity." However, several researchers have argued the completeness of this definition and thus several other definitions and models of health have come up like the biomedical model, biopsychosocial model, public health model, wellness model, etc. In this essay, 2 important models of health, the biomedical model and biopsychosocial...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Biomedical model of health

...Biomedical Model of Health Introduction “America spends more than $2 trillion a year on health care, but “we have little information about which treatments work best for which patients,” said Mr. Stark, who is the chairman of the Ways and Means Subcommittee on Health” (Pear). The debate about which model of healthcare is more suitable to the patients is still going on as medical science has different opinions about it. Biomedical model of healthcare seems to be taken upper hand among the westerners. Biomedical model of medicine is in practice even from the middle of the nineteenth century. It assumes that illness is...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Biomedical issues

...Biomedical Issues Introduction Understanding issues in Biomedicine needs one to understand what the law entails as well as ethics. This should further demand knowledge of legal considerations when ethical concepts are applied in Biomedicine. An in-depth awareness of limitations encountered by healthcare practitioners with regards to applied main codes of conduct during work is very important. Two concepts explored in Biomedicine are reproductive technologies and life maintenance technologies. Medical practitioners have applied four main theories in ethics to validate decisions adopted during their work processes. They evaluate consequences of their decisions to find out which ones are more valuable to the majority. They...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic The biomedical model for FREE!

Contact Us