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According to this model, every illness is the result of abnormal bodily processes such as biochemical disorders or neurophysiologic anomalies. This system is completely based on the western concept of medicine and is being used by health practitioners since the last 300 years. The discovery of antibiotics for treatment of chronic disease has been a major breakthrough in medical science and is the primary advantage of this system of treatment. Moreover, this model helps doctors to design treatment for patients efficiently, allowing them to reveal the current situation of the patient, the required appropriate situation, and thereby develop a course of action to make that happen. However, the model has been widely criticized since it views the human body as parts of a machine which needs to fixed or repaired if something goes wrong. Secondly, it is a single factor model which reveals a reductionist view of illness deducting it to merely low-level processes such has disordered cells and mechanical disparities (Taylor & Sirios, 2012, 6).
The biopsychosocial model is an interdisciplinary model that assumes that health and illness are caused by a multiple interaction of biological, psychosocial, and socio-cultural factors. According to this model, ecological systems, social system, psychological system, biological system, and physical system, all together play a crucial role in determining health and illness. The major advantage is that it involves multiple factors in treatment which allows it cover both the macro-level processes (social, psychological, biological) and micro-level processes (physical) related to health. Secondly, it involves developing an effective relationship between the patient and the practitioner thereby, leading to a speedy recovery (Taylor & Sirios, 2012, 7). However, according to some researchers, this model fails to guide on how to prioritize one factor over the other since it covers various factors. As a result,
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As a starting point, the researchers Maria I. Medved and Jens Brockmeier did an extensive literature review that showed gender differences in the performance of gendered roles and identities. They, however, wanted to concentrate on how these differences are told in narratives about cardiac healing and rehabilitation.
The main concern of this psychological science branch is the understanding of how behavioral, cultural and psychological factors affect physical illness and health as well as the biological causes which are understood best by medical science. Psychological factors have been observed to affect health both directly and indirectly through the behavior choices of people which end up protecting or harming health.
The players enjoy a great deal of good health when they belong to popular and ever winning teams as this motivates them to keep fit so that they can maintain the good image of their teams (Compton, 2005). Social scientists have argued that when an individual identifies with a well established social group, they expand their social circle which eventually leads to the existence of psychological help when needed and a more mentally stable and healthy individual.
Even where awareness programs are conducted on a large scale by social workers and psychologists, the common public still lacks sufficient knowledge as to how to fulfill myriad psychological needs of these physically and socioeconomically disadvantaged people.
"Pain is defined as an emotional and sensory experience resulting from actual or potential damage." (Merskey and Bogduk 1994). Acute pain is symptomatic and lasts only until the resolution of the cause of the pain (redorbit.com, 2006) and it is this form of pain that the athlete must overcome in order to reach his sports goals.
This is because it has allowed for a better rationale to develop through the past 25 years and therefore also allows for better argumentative presentations on the best treatment methods for certain diseases as well.
The acceptance of the model has slowly evolved and has gradually been becoming more receptive for a number of those in the practice of medicine by incorporating ideas from the biomedical model into its philosophy as well.
The article’s core objective involved an exploration of stress that medical students face while dealing with cancer patients and implemented strategies in managing such stress. The first aim, with respect to this objective
Grant, Dorn Gabriel and Slavich M. George. The study was published under the Journal of Health Psychology (JHP). One of the purposes for under taking this study is to examine risks and resilience factors
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