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The condition was marked as an epidemic by the World Health Organization in the year 1997. This was owing to the alarming increase in the number of people suffering from this problem as well as the serious health risks that an individual is exposed to owing to this health condition. Obesity is a life hampering condition which tends to affect the living of an individual and this issue needs to be dealt with in the best possible manner to control the rise in the number of people suffering from this problem (McCambridge 2006).
Childhood obesity has grown to epidemic proportions in recent years especially in developed nations and is now considered as one of the most serious health problem of this century. The prevalence of obesity in children has more than doubled since the 1980’s and currently about forty three million children under the age of five years are overweight. Out of these forty three million, almost thirty five million are from developing countries. This health risk is steadily increasing in lower income countries too. The precise etiology of obesity is not completely understood as yet but it is strongly associated with a child’s environment, life style preferences, genetics, endocrine and metabolic factors. Obesity is known to have many deleterious effects on both physical and mental health of a child. Such children are more likely to stay obese during adulthood and develop non communicable diseases associated with abnormal fat accumulation e.g. diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases. Although the prevalence of obesity and its related complications seen around the globe is a very grim picture, this disease is generally preventable and it is imperative that this issue be given high importance. (WHO)
Obesity is defined as “an abnormal accumulation of adipose tissue or fat in body which poses a risk to the person’s health” (WHO). Being overweight generally refers to a person’s
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A person is considered obese if the total body weight is more than 20% of the ideal weight that he must have. (Medical News Today) Obesity has been rising at a faster pace in children in their pre-teens, molding the term as being ‘overweight’ rather than ‘obese’ as it’s psychologically distressing for children.
The author explores the problem of childhood obesity and the roles of the parents’ and the state with regards to the health issue. Childhood obesity is believed by medical practitioners as a strong factor in sicknesses manifested by obese adults. The reasons children are obese are attributed to genetics or external factors.
Even though there has been a lot of studies conducted in the past which relates obesity with the abnormal food intake or poor diet (Styne, 2005), a genetic factor such as a metabolic disorder (Roth et al., 2004), or the leptin deficiency and the use of steroids (Link et al., 2004); the major causes of obesity is still uncertain because each individual has different capacity of burning calories (Jebb & Prentice, 1995).
The Body Mass Index (BMI) is most widely used measure of obesity (Garde, 2010). According to the World Health Organization (WHO), obesity “is a BMI superior or equal to 30 and morbid obesity is assumed from a BMI of 40 and beyond” (Garde, 2010, p.2). In the USA in the ranking of health indicators that are a matter of deep concern regarding the health of the nation, obesity ranks second after physical activity.
It is often confused with a person being overweight although this is not the case. This although is not a medical contingency itself but can and may cause many life threats if it is not controlled at the right time. This report is a reflection of the diseases that can overtake one’s life following obesity in any stage of his/her life.
The recent issue of obesity review estimates that 10% of young population with ages between 5-17 years are overweight amongst them 2-3% can be classified as obese, corresponding for 2011 to 165 million overweight children including 40-55 million worldwide.
This paper is partially an attempt to explain the cause, prevention and treatment of diabetes along with its complexities in the today’s younger generation. There may be many reasons, such as childhood obesity, lifestyle, genetics and diet issues, due to which the younger generation is becoming infected with this life threatening disease.
Obesity is a physical condition resulting from excessive accumulation of body fat or adipose tissue. In addition to deskbound lifestyle and poor eating habits, genetic and psychological reasons may also cause obesity. An individual is said to be obese when his/her Body Mass Index (BMI) crosses the range of 30.
The author of this essay proposes the possible research of the obesity problem. Also, the factors that lead to obesity are described in this paper. Obesity is a condition which can be the base for many degenerative diseases affecting major bodily systems and an interesting aspect is that it can also affect the psychological condition of a person.
Obesity is the result of “Caloric imbalance”, a situation where fewer calories are consumed than is expected, and this is because of a number of factors such as behavioral, environmental and genetic factors. Additionally, the percentage of obese children aged between six to eleven years increased from 7 percent, in 1980, to 18 percent, in 2010 (CDC, 2013).
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