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“Factors associated with increased risk for overweight or obesity in infancy and early childhood include excessive maternal weight gain or smoking during gestation, shorter-than-recommended duration of breast-feeding, and suboptimal amounts of sleep during infancy” (Wojcicki and Heyman).
Effects of obesity on children are numerous, and for the most part, negative. Obesity makes children sluggish and intervenes in their healthy physical development. It lowers children’s self-esteem. In addition to that, obesity is also one of the main causes of such diseases and health conditions in children as high blood pressure and diabetes that are conventionally associated with adults particularly in the old age.
(Kimbro and Rigby) studied the effects of the federal food policy on the obesity in children, and found that food assistance is likely to cause childhood obesity particularly in the cities where the prices of foods are high. They also found that subsidized meals offered to the children at the day care centers or in the schools help them maintain the right weight because of which, there is need to expand the poor children’s access to subsidized meals. The US government is taking serious steps to combat the epidemic of childhood obesity. One of the campaigns that have been started in the recent years is the “Let’s Move” campaign by Michelle Obama that is directed at revamping the food products’ nutritional labeling to empower the consumers and especially the parents, improving the National School Lunch Program’s nutritional value, improving the access of all communities in the US to the high-quality foods, and increasing the physical activity for children. This way, this campaign combats childhood obesity by making a holistic effort. “By directly emphasizing the potential risks for lifetime obesity that present in infancy and early childhood and providing the structure and direction for
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The researcher states that children love to indulge in fast foods and mostly spend their time watching television or playing video games, as a result obesity in children has become a health problem, which needs to be prevented. Child obesity is therefore a health problem that needs prevention mainly because of the rise of obesity cases.
The author identifies the major social factors that contribute to obesity in children in Australia and the effects of obesity on the health and well-being of the affected children. The paper also evaluates the issue of interaction of the contributory social factors and the impact of this interaction on the complexity of the child obesity problem.
The author analyzes different factors that lead to kids obesity such as food, lack of physical activity and obese parents and the way how to prevent it. One of the most important factors that promote unhealthy dietary habits among the children is the exposure of high-calorie food on the television.
Presently, both challenges and opportunities are numerous. A major challenge is the discovery of the policies, programs, or intervention strategies whose impact is the greatest. This needs a large scale research and more funding by the government than what is presently available to the researchers.
According to the report the childhood obesity rate had more than doubled for preschool children aged 2-5 years and adolescents aged 12-19 years, and it had more than tripled for children aged 6-11 years in the period from 1980 – 2000. At present, more than 9 million children over 6 years of age are considered obese.
It is found that childhood obesity affect physical and emotional health of adolescents, because they are at increased risk for being diagnosed with Type-II diabetes at some point in their lives and developing serious psychological burden due to societal stigmatization associated with obesity.
Most obese people have an additional chronic disease such as hypertension. Childhood obesity has become rampant, with the youth now accounting for nearly half of newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes cases. Obesity is
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