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Management of Chronic Pain in Relation to Holistic Nursing Practice - Research Paper Example

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The following paper highlights that chronic pain is a major health challenge affecting many people in the world. It is one of the most common reasons people seek medical attention. It is caused by different etiologies and in many conditions, there may be no definite treatment. …
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Management of Chronic Pain in Relation to Holistic Nursing Practice
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Download file to see previous pages Hence, management of chronic pain involves addressing the human being in total and not just the part of the body which is causing pain (Farkas, 2005). Such an integrated approach is possible through an understanding of holistic nursing.
Holistic nursing may be defined as “all nursing practice that has healed the whole person as its goal” (AHNA, 1998). This form of nursing is a specialty practice which employs nursing theories, knowledge, intuition and expertise to guide nurses for proper therapeutic care of people. Holistic nursing. A holistic nurse is one who can be an instrument in healing and who can be a facilitator in the process of healing (AHNA, 1998). For this purpose, the nurse may have to integrate complementary or alternative modalities of treatment into current clinical practice to meet the spiritual, physiological and psychological needs of the patient (Frisch, 2001).
This essay will discuss chronic pain in the context of holistic nursing care. Various definitions of chronic pain, its causes and management will be dealt sequentially to enhance the understanding of a holistic nurse about chronic pain.
Pain is a symptom of injury or illness in the part of the body from where the pain arises. Pain may be defined as "an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage" (IASP, 1986; cited in NHS, 2006, p.3). When the onset of pain is sudden and lasts for a brief duration, it is called acute pain. When pain lasts more than 3 months, it is known as chronic pain (Farkas, 2005). Many authors prefer to use 6 months as the cut-off time for chronic pain (Farkas, 2005). Some suggest that any pain that is persisting longer than the expected healing time for the tissues involved should be considered as chronic (Farkas, 2005). According to IASP (1986; cited in NHS, 2006, p.4), chronic pain is "pain without apparent biological value that has persisted beyond normal tissue healing time".  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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