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in its thriving conditions that can be triggered by dampness, impaired defenses and heat provide a productive environment that triggers their growth (Goehring, 2008). Other risk factors include restrictive clothing, poor hygiene, inflammatory diseases, suppression of immunity and altered flora by antibiotic administration (Kourkoumpetis et al., 2010)
Different types of candida exist, but majorities are caused by the Candida albicans species. The case presented by the patient is Candidiasis (moniliasis), which occurs on the skin, but commonly attacks intertriginous areas (body parts where two skin areas touch or rub together), genitals, oral mucosa and cuticles (Kauffman, 2011). Symptoms of skin infections include intense itching, red growing skin rash on skin folds and pimple-like infections of hair follicles.
Treatment for intertriginous candidiasis starts with a diagnosis by clinical appearance and examination of a sample of skin for testing (Kauffman, 2011). Intertriginous infection is commonly treated with drying agents such as burrow solution that oozes lesions and topical or oral antifungals. For extensive infections, a mixture of oral and topical antifungals can be used for better relief. Patients are also advised to ensure they take preventive measures that aim at keeping the fungal environment stable.
In conclusion, fungal infections especially among women are mostly confused with sexually transmitted diseases. One ought to differentiate between the two by establishing that such infections thrive in warm, moist and sweaty conditions that are presented in the event friction occurs when skin parts rub or touch each other.
Kourkoumpetis, T., Manolakaki, D., Velmahos, G., Chang, Y., Alam, B., De Moya, M., Sailhamer, A. and Mylonakis, E. (2010). "Candida infection and colonization among non-trauma emergency surgery patients". Virulence 1 (5):
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Aggarwal and colleagues (2001, p. 2) have pointed out that disorders of fluid and electrolyte are prevalent among neonates, and understanding the physiological changes in the neonate’s body water and solute after birth is crucial in securing an efficient shift from the aquatic in-utero environment.
It has been analyzed that 900,000 people in the United States were suffering from AIDS in the year 2002. Out of the total number of cases, 2 percent were reported amongst the children. There are many underlying causes of this pathology. The disease is led to by sexual transmission between heterosexuals as well as homosexuals.
Yeast infections are very common and are caused by fungus that can survive anywhere including the human body. The scientific name for yeast is Candida. The human body’s immune system usually keeps the amount of yeast infection causing bacteria under control and if the immune is weak (sickness etc) then these bacteria can multiply rapidly and cause yeast infections.
Opportunistic germs are bacteria and fungi that are found in the mucosae and the skin of external media. They then become virulent when the general immune resistance of the organism drops. This occurs under the influence of factors that favor the change. An example of this is some drugs, and the infections that arise from opportunistic germs have of late become more frequent.
In the hospital, complex surgical procedures, extensive use of implanted devices, plus administration of broad-spectrum antibiotics have noticeably augmented the frequency of nosocomial fungal infections. Clinicians of all specialties will have to vie with the rising risk of fungal pathogens, if they have not by now.
Sometimes it produces progressive systemic disease in debilitated or immunosuppressed patients, particularly if cell mediated immunity is impaired. Candida may produce blood strem invasion, thrombophlebitis, endocarditis, or infection of the
To aggravate pathology further, the host cells function abnormally (Tortora, Funke & Case, 2010). The virus affects their genetic machinery, weakens it and finally kills such cells.
Prions are exclusively proteins with no genetic material. They cause an infection
The author states that endocrine disorders are normally communal within the universe. Thus, a common endocrine disorder takes the form of diabetes mellitus. Moreover, diabetes mellitus normally weakens the body’s defense system to underlying infections. As a result, there are infections that opportunistic and attack the host in colonies.
The first reason is a low immunity in children because their immune system is developing and in the elderly because of the depression of their immune system due to old age (Kumar, 2005). The organism responsible causing this disease is a
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