This paper “Candida Albicans Microbe” discusses the Candida albicans microbe and the Amphotericin-3 counteragent. Candida albicans is an oval budding yeast that produces pseudohyphae both in culture and in tissues and is a member of the normal flora of the mucous membranes…
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In smears of exudates, Candida appears as a gram-positive, oval budding yeast, 2-3 x 4-6 micrometer, gram-positive, elongated budding cells in chains, or true hyphae. On Sabouraud’s agar incubated at room temperature, soft, cream-colored colonies with a yeasty odor develop. The surface growth consists of oval budding cells. The submerged growth consists of pseudo mycelium. This is composed of pseudohyphae that form blastoconidia at the nodes and sometimes chlamydoconidia terminally.
Among the principal predisposing factors to Candida infection are the following: diabetes mellitus, general debility, immunodeficiency, indwelling urinary or intravenous catheters, intravenous opioid abuse, administration of antimicrobials, and corticosteroids.
Infection of the mouth (thrush) occurs mainly in infants and in AIDS patients on the Buccal mucous membranes and appears as white adherent patches consisting largely of pseudo mycelium and desquamated epithelium, with the only minimal erosion of the membrane. The growth of Candida in the mouth is enhanced by corticosteroids, antibiotics, high levels of glucose, and immunodeficiency (Drew e.a. 2004, p. 235).
Vulvovaginitis resembles thrush but produces irritation, intense itching, and discharge. Loss of an acid pH in the vagina predisposes to candidal vulvovaginitis. Acid pH is normally maintained by the bacterial flora in the vagina. Diabetes, pregnancy, progesterone, and antibiotic therapy predispose to disease (Ponikau e.a., 2005, p. 128).
Infection of the skin occurs principally in moist, warm parts of the body, such as the axilla, intergluteal folds, groin, or inframammary folds; it is most common in obese and diabetic individuals. The infected areas become red and weeping and may develop vesicles.
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Methods are given that allow clinicians to test drug sensitivity against various clinical isolates.Recommendations are given for agar usage, as well as preparation recipes for three of the most common antifungals used to treat C. albicans. Graphic comparisons and discussions will explore the potential of the drug combinations in the treatment of these fungal infections.
Infections of the urinary tract are categorized into three types based on the organ affected: urethritis, which affects the urethra, cystitis which is an infection of the bladder, and pyelonephritis affecting the kidneys. Among these, bladder infection is relatively the easiest to treat.
In the hospital, complex surgical procedures, extensive use of implanted devices, plus administration of broad-spectrum antibiotics have noticeably augmented the frequency of nosocomial fungal infections. Clinicians of all specialties will have to vie with the rising risk of fungal pathogens, if they have not by now.
Enzyme known as superoxide dismutase, eliminates superoxide radicals by enhancing the rate of reaction. During the process toxic substance hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and hydroxyl radical (OH-) are produced, which in turn is dissipated by catalase and peroxide enzymes respectively.
Candida is a common type of fungus responsible for infections in various sections of the body including the skin. Normally, candida is ever-present yeast that is harmlessly posted in the skin and mucous membranes. However,
Lactobacillus, streptococci and staphylococci are the general micro flora of the UTI. Women and children of 2 years are more prone for UTIs. It is the second most common type of infection in our body. In UTIs, the
Sometimes it produces progressive systemic disease in debilitated or immunosuppressed patients, particularly if cell mediated immunity is impaired. Candida may produce blood strem invasion, thrombophlebitis, endocarditis, or infection of the
Both these plays have been written by American writers and have been regarded with great affection and interest by the general public. Both these plays are based on two different families and how they cope with their lives and the relationships that they share with each other.
The author explains that the student was taken to hospital where he appeared drowsy but orientated,with a temperature of 40°C and a heart rate of 126/min. His neck was supple and he had an impressive, non-blanching purpuric rash prominently on his trunk, wrists and legs. Meningococcal septicaemia due to Neisseria meningitidis was suspected.
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