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es that globally, over 25 million low birth weights are born on an annual basis with the majority of them in third world nations (Charpak & Ruiz-Pelaez, 1996). Conventional neonatal care of infants with low birth weight is quite costly and also requires highly trained personnel.
The main components or aspects of KMC include the following. The Kangaroo position (skin-to-skin contact) in which the babies are kept at all times between the mother’s breasts firmly attached to the chest in an upright position. The second aspect of KMC is the Kangaroo nourishing policy i.e. frequent and special breastfeeding (Chisenga, et al., 2014). Lastly, is the discharge and follow-up policy that dictates early discharge from hospital without weight or gestational consideration (Charpak & Ruiz-Pelaez, 1996).
In this light, the aim of this paper is to evaluate the kangaroo position aspect of Kangaroo mother care. This is done with special reference to heart rate; respiratory rate; temperature; apneas and bradycardias; oxygen saturation and desaturation events among low birth weight infants following the application of KMC
Kangaroo mother care practice started early in the 1970s following a proposal by Klaus and colleagues for skin-to-skin contact for the initial two hours for full-term infants as therapy with the aim of facilitating maternal-infant attachment. After some time, Dr. Edgar Rey in Bogota, Colombia applied the position to preterm infants. The technique underwent refinement and was accepted for use to all preterm newborns (Moniem & Morsy, 2011). The use of the technique has since spread and is widely recognized. This is as a result of documentation of substantial evidence that link the practice with many benefits for not only preterm, but also full-term infants (Bergman & Jurisoo, 1994). The practice is however not a commonly and consistently used in the U.S.
Kangaroo mother care has both physiological and clinical benefits to the infants. In the former, Kirsten,
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The term developmental care describes broadly those interventions that support and facilitate the stabilization, recovery, and development of infants and families undergoing intensive care in an effort to facilitate optimal outcome. #1The nursing and medical management of infants and families within the intensive care environment Theoretical approaches to developmentally focused care encompass interventions that counteracts sensory-overload or deprivation such as minimizing stress responses or facilitating positive sensory experiences; interventions that pursue to help parents to resolve the emotional crisis of the pre-term birth and facilitate maternal-infant attachment; interventions that
According to the research findings, it can, therefore, be said that patient care by nurses has been the norm in medical practice for the longest time. However, in recent years, there is more focus on the involvement of family members in the care of relatives, both inside the hospital and after they have been discharged.
Research shows that Kangaroo Care can reduce neonatal mortality. Kangaroo Care emphasizes close mother/newborn bonding, breastfeeding and skin-to-skin contact. The articles this paper will consider are: Positive effect of kangaroo mother care on long-term breastfeeding in very preterm infants and Rapid effects of neonatal music therapy combined with kangaroo care on prematurely-born infants.
However, in medical law, when it comes to children and other incompetent or mentally-handicapped adults, the decision lies on the hands of the court in determining the issues making it the final pronouncement. There is still a critical question of what criteria will be considered in determining a person's competency.
Circumstances that can further complicate the psychological wellbeing of the family could be situated around the member of the family who was admitted to ICU suddenly dying. In cases such as these the nurses who are in charge of the care of the patient need to have consideration for the family's needs as well.
Babies are very fragile individual and can crawl anywhere or can be hurt anytime. They need to be constantly watch and being held most of the time. (Pantley 2003, 4-6). Natalie and Richard's concern is more on the emotional needs of the baby. They wanted to make sure that the caregivers in the child care center have the capability to demonstrate the kind of bonding and attachment that can replace parent's affection during their absence.
Also, the quality and education of these caregivers is important because the child will pick up many qualities and habits from them.
3) Concerns about the baby: whether she will be able to adjust to the new environment, whether she will be
Low birth-weight (less than 2500g) has an adverse effect on child survival and development. Care of low birth-weight babies is expensive and requires specialist care. Kangaroo mother care (KMC) involves skin
Research studies indicate that KC is best used for full-term, healthy infants. However, new evidence supports the use of KC for stabilising the preterm ventilated infant. KC may best be started soon after birth, without any delay
argues that the proposed policy fails to address many socio-cultural trends in the US society that are likely to contribute to mounting healthcare costs and people’s health concerns. Wright (2009) also says that these trends must be critically reviewed so as to meet ongoing
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