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The health care provides a standardized form that can be used in nursing, medical and pharmacy (Australian Commission on Safety and Quality Health Care).
The most important role of a nurse is to administer drugs to patients. They have much knowledge about what drugs to give to patients. Nurses are to be expected to aware of pharmacology, anatomy, physiology and legal issues associated with a particular drug administration.
Before administer IV or IM medications, the nurse has to be check the medication. Correct medication include dose and expiry date. There is need to check right medication by nurses asking patients their full names and date of birth. They also make double check by looking at their wrist bands and comparing it with the medication chart. Correct label bearing the name of medication has to be attached on the IV tubing (Tollefson 2012, p. 86-89). After that, a nurse must check the patient situation and recording the volume of IV in fluid balance
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Running Head: Medication Errors. Medication Errors Name: Course Title: Instructor’s Name: Institution: Date: Abstract There is a high prevalence of medication errors which result from a number of reasons such as wrong diagnosis, drug selection, prescription, transcription, labeling and packaging-just to mention but a few.
Traditionally, doctors were the only professionals involved in prescribing, but now, nurses and pharmacists are also involved in prescription other than just taking care of patients (Courtenary and Griffiths, 2010). Majority of medical errors occur during prescription stage and this can be avoided by the use of electronic prescribing.
Medication errors involve failure to prescribe the appropriate therapeutic drug. In addition, they can also involve errors in the components and the synthesis of the drug. Medical errors can be broadly classified from a psychological perspective into mistakes and skill based errors.
Medication errors are also errors which are made but corrected before actually reaching the patient. Studies suggest a number of factors which promote positive nursing environments and reduce adverse patients events such as medication errors. Studies also suggest a link between nursing staffing levels and the frequency of intercepted medication errors (Sleinitz, Heyde, & Kloft, 2012).
The specific causes of medication errors are: active failures, error-provoking conditions, and latent circumstances. The solutions provided respond to problems that occur at individual, team, and organizational levels. These solutions aim for immediate and long-term changes in how healthcare professionals see and execute the medication process.
The author explains that nurses are prone to commit an error in medicine administration, especially during the process of transcribing and administering. Nurses are usually assigned to copy the doctor’s prescription for the handing out of the correct dosage.
It works by killing sensitive or the growth of bacteria. The common side effects are severe allergic reactions in the form of itching, rash, hives, tightness in the chest and swellings on the lips or tongue. Dizziness and hearing loss are also common after intake.
s medication error as any wrongful or incorrect administration of medication, such as failure to administer or prescribe the appropriate drug, failure to observe the appropriate time of administrating medication, lack or inadequate awareness of adverse effects of particular drug