The word nursing comes from an English words “norice” and “nurice” from the middle ages. These words were derived from an old French word “nourice”. The French word came from a “nutricia”, a Latin word…
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Before the birth of Christ, nursing did not exist as a distinct profession. It started out as caring for sick members of one’s family. At this time, it was viewed as a way of expressing love and showing compassion one’s family member. It was mainly a woman’s work and no education or training was required. Between and 100 and 500 AD, nursing was mainly done by religious groups mainly churches. The establishment of the first general hospital by Fabiola in Rome was a landmark event in the history of nursing. In the 16th century, women were required to stay at home and look after their families (Nicola & Frances, 2012). This resulted in the deterioration of nursing care since at the time, it was still a profession for women only. Between 1654 and 1656 nursing was realized as sisters of charity took good care of soldiers who were wounded in the battlefields of Arras and Sedan in France. By 1960, the sister of charity was operating in 40 other countries besides France.
However, according to Elizabeth and Jerome (2011), it was not until after Florence Nightingale that nursing started to become a reality in the world. After realizing that very few opportunities were given to women, Florence Nightingale started taking care of the ill while visiting the poor. This is where she developed an interest in a career in nursing. Her most notable contributions happened during the Crimean war. This is after she received reports wounded soldiers were in horrible conditions. In October 1854 together with 38 women that she had trained as nurses, she volunteered to take care of wounded soldiers in the battle field.
After noting that there was limited supply for medicine, overworked medical staff and poor hygiene which resulted in fatalities among the soldiers, Nightingale appealed to the British government to find a solution to this problem. The British government commissioned the designing of a
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Professional nursing is by great margin backed up by nursing science and nursing theories which give direction to decision making in clinical practices. A close relationship is noted in all aspects of nursing, right from nursing theory, nursing research and nursing practice.
Yet, no effective transformation will take place unless the roles of a number of healthcare professionals are rethought and reconceptualized. This IOM report The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health provides a new vision of the nurses’ role within the reorganized healthcare.
This consideration recognizes the fact that the mind, body and spirit are in a continuous interaction with one another. A good nursing philosophy recognizes the fact that every individual has personal rights and deserves respect in regards to ones customs, beliefs and needs.
According to the paper nursing is the collaborative and autonomous care of people of all ages wither in good health or sick. It involves; care of the sick, disabled, prevention of sickness and the promotion of general health, public education management of health systems and development of health policies. Psychology has also played a huge role in understanding the best way of giving nursing care to clients.
What shapes historical development?
Through the ages, human beings and their constant instinct for growth have altogether served as a leading component in molding the history of mankind. While men portray that is of primary significance to historical development inclusive of what they do or of what their endeavors consist of in the process, the corresponding changes thereof function in terms of enhancing further what has evolved, historically, in several aspects.
The evolution of modern nursing models can be traced to the emergence of nursing as an independent field of knowledge and profession in the middle of 19th century when Florence Nightingale differentiated nursing from medicine. Nightingale's model relies exclusively upon the idea that the nurse plays decisive role in shaping the nursing environment to promote the well being of patients (Nightingale, 1859).
Nurses would agree that providing the best quality care to patients results in positive outcomes. But what is the best care and how do we know that our interventions are current and beneficial? This paper will explore the developments of nursing
The result was highly notable as it enhanced the performance improvements, and organizational developments. The outstanding proponents of Total Quality Management theory were Feigenham, Juran, and Deming.
2. Joint Commission on Accreditation of
Bacon (1600) and Immanuel Kant (1700) viewed nursing from an experimental and knowledge based arguments respectively. According to Levine 1995, theory in the early days was perceived to be obscure. If one
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