Advanced pathophysiology - Case Study Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
What is the pathophysiology basis for the signs/symptoms and lab results that are seen in this case? The patient has a white blood cell count of 250 000 which higher than the normal of 3500-10500cells/mcL…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.3% of users find it useful
Advanced pathophysiology
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Advanced pathophysiology"

Download file to see previous pages The elevated WBC is from the proliferation of immature WBC which continue to increase, however do not mature (Harrison, 2011). The accumulation of immature white blood cells in the bone marrow and blood leads to the replacement of normal cells such as thrombocytes, which leads to thrombocytopenia and a disruption of blood clotting (Harrison, 2011). Therefore, this patient presents with gum bleeding and easy bruising. In addition, decreased levels of leucocytes also increase the patient’s vulnerability to bruising. The replacement of cells also leads to a decrease in the number of red blood cells which are responsible for oxygen transport. This in turn is the reason why the patient developed fatigue and shortness of breath may also have been present (Harrison, 2011). The splenomegaly occurs as a result of extamedullary hematopoiesis as the bone marrow becomes less competent. The reduction of red blood cells due to replacement also leads to paleness. Upper abdominal tenderness could be attributed to splenomegaly. Opportunistic infections that occur as a result of the comprised immune system may lead to arthalgia. Describe pathophysiology of ALL. Compare it with other leukemia forms in children The development of ALL is assumed to occur as a result of alteration of a progenitor cell responsible for continuous clonal expansion (Bassan & Hoelzer, 2011). This event can occur in cells of T of B cell lineage which give rise to different types of acute lymphoblastic leukemia. These subtypes are based on the stage of cell development which the transformation occurred. Approximately 80% of ALL cases have been found to originate from B lymphocyte precursors (Onciu, 2009). Several factors have been found to influence the development of this cancer and these include radiation exposure, genetics, chemical exposure and some viral infections such as HTLV-1 (Onciu, 2009). As mentioned above the alteration of the precursor cells leads to an arrest in development. This then leads to the proliferation of immature white blood cells in the bone marrow which replace its physiological components. Therefore, there is a marked decrease in the formation of several blood elements. This may lead to other complications such as thrombocytopenia, anemia and neutropenia (Pui, Relling & Downing, 2004). In addition, the disruption of bone marrow function leads to extramedullary hematopoiesis which occurs in the spleen, liver and lymph nodes (Pui, Relling & Downing, 2004).These organs will then increase in size resulting in hepatomegaly and splenomegaly. This leukemia is different from AML which involves the myeloid blast cells whilst ALL involves lymphoblasts. In the pathogenesis of Acute Myeloid Leukemia, the pathological defect will involve numerous precursor cells which will develop immature (Pui, Relling & Downing, 2004). Meanwhile in Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, the effect is on a precursor cell that that will proliferate and produce several immature cells. The etiological factors between the two types of leukemia are also different. AML often occurs as a result of certain preleukemic blood disorders whilst ALL often associated with genetic factors and a prolonged exposure to radioactive substances (Pui, Relling & Downing, 2004). What is the purpose of chemotherapy in ALL? What is a common side effect of Therapy? Chemotherapy is necessary in this condition as the drugs are injected intravenously and can be used to treat cancerous cells that have ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Advanced pathophysiology Case Study Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved de https://studentshare.org/nursing/1488082-see-below-advanced-pathophysiology
(Advanced Pathophysiology Case Study Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
“Advanced Pathophysiology Case Study Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/nursing/1488082-see-below-advanced-pathophysiology.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
Advanced Practice Legal Considerations
The judge in this case followed a fifth cause of action: negligent supervision and/or hiring and/or training. Since negligence deals with torts, we will examine medical torts in-depth here. Torts is a category of law that deals with personal injury. There are several types of personal injuries, to be sure—both intentional and unintentional, dealing with the issues of negligence and so forth.
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study
Advanced Persistent Threats Against RSA Tokens
After September 2011 terrorist attacks, developed countries have significantly changed the way of countering vulnerabilities from terrorism. Enormous amount of resources were utilized for mobilizing them on a very short time period. These mobilized resources were aligned to counter apparent cyber threats from terrorist attacks.
5 Pages(1250 words)Case Study
Case study for pathophysiology (Nursing specific)
He becomes fatigue and tired even after a small walk. There is no case of hemoptysis or night sweats and chills. He also suffers from ankle edema. History revealed he had no incidences of asthma, childhood respiratory problems or allergies. He had acute
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study
Pathophysiology and Pharmacology
2014). A stroke can use neurologic damage, disability or death depending on the duration of focal disturbance of cerebral blood. Transient ischemic attacks intensify the risk of a subsequent stroke. An
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study
This implies that comprehensive plans must be formulated; and proper medical teams utilized, to implement these plans in caring for individuals affected by genetic disorders. The case study under scrutiny, which focuses on a family with a genetic disorder history, seeks to give insight into possible integration strategies while caring for people with genetic ailments.
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
Advanced taxation
The fact that he has not made any will so far will make his successors liable for inheritance tax in the event of his death.Present taxation system charges Inheritance Tax on any estate worth over 300,000
10 Pages(2500 words)Case Study
Pathophysiology of Disease
His temperature was 42 irregular. There was also a history of alcohol abuse. The construction worker was rushed immediately to the emergency and a quick assessment was made. The person was in a semi- conscious condition, but taking into consideration all the above facts of the person who had suffered a setback due to Haematemesis, we are able to understand that the individual was getting on in age and the pressure of his job was more than he could handle.
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study
Explain the progressive pathophysiology leading to a myocardial infarction (MI)
Obesity, poor diet, and lack of exercise are precursors to this condition. Fortunately, these factors can be changed. In order to diagnose myocardial infarction, a series of tests need to be conducted—giving the patient a work-up which may
1 Pages(250 words)Case Study
Advanced corporate reporting
However, revenue recognition guidance in the past was not consistent and had many weaknesses. Hence, principles-based revenue recognition model was introduced to have one accounting
3 Pages(750 words)Case Study
Advanced Media
The case study therefore focuses on this organization with the aim of finding out how it makes use of digital media in generating revenue. Major
4 Pages(1000 words)Case Study
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Case Study on topic Advanced pathophysiology for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us