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This paper will offer a detailed pathophysiology, etiology, epidemiology and prognosis of ovarian cancer.
Ovarian cancer stands solely as the number one death cause (Yabro, 2011). According to Gale (2009), current statistics indicates that, out of every 70 women, 1 of them is at the risk of developing ovarian cancer. Needless to say, women above the age of 65 account for more than 48% of ovarian cancer incidences (Yabro, 2011). As age advances, so do the chances of developing ovarian cancer. Sadly most ovarian cancer incidences are usually diagnosed at an advanced stage when the intra-abdominal extent of the spread is way too high. This does not work in the patient’s best interest seeing as they may be subjected to a harsher less physical friendly diagnosis as they are at an advanced stage.
The most common pathophysiological theories of ovarian cancer engross the conception that it starts with the dedifferentiation of cells covering the ovary. In the course of ovulation, these cells are absorbed to the ovary, where they multiply (Gale, 2009). Ovarian cancer extends to the omentum and peritoneal surfaces. It extends through lymphatic invasion, intraperitoneal implantation, hematogenous dissemination and local extension. Intraperitoneal implantation is the most common way through which ovarian cancer cells spread. Malevolent cells can embed on anyplace in the peritoneal cavity. The most common ovarian cancer is the epithelial ovarian cancer. Hall (2010) denotes that it emerges from epithelium overlying the ovaries.
The exact cause of ovarian cancer is unidentified (Gale, 2009). However, numerous contributing and risk factors have been discovered. These include the reproductive and genetic factors. In reference to Gale (2009), the risk of epithelial ovarian cancer is high in women who have not given birth and those with late menopause. Women who are mothers or have been pregnant at one point have a reduced risk of
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(“Ovarian Cancer Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
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(Ovarian Cancer Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
“Ovarian Cancer Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/nursing/1633410-ovarian-cancer.
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