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Eczema Nursing - PowerPoint Presentation Example

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RUNNING HEADING: Eczema Name Subject School Professor Date Eczema Abstract Eczema is a condition that is characterized by inflammation, redness, fluid accumulation and pruritius of the skin leading to bleeding, encrusting, thickening and scaling. There are several common types of eczema, but the most common is atopic eczema, that usually develops during infancy, worsens during childhood and gets better during adulthood…
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Download file to see previous pages With relation to the differential diagnosis, a range of conditions need to be differentiated including psoriasis, fungal infections, scabies, scarlet fever, pityriasis rosea, measles, tinea corporis and squamous cell carcinoma. Introduction/Definition Eczema or dermatitis is a disorder in which the skin is inflamed (especially epidermis) along with the development of vesiculation sometimes in acute phases. It has been derived from the Greek word meaning to ‘boil out’, and hence medical practitioners consider it to look like the skin is boiling out. The condition is usually acute in nature, but can be a chronic inflammatory disorder of the skin causing pruritius, redness, vesiculation, which finally become encrusted, hemorrhagic, thickened and scales off (Vorvick, 2009). Some of the common types include:- Allergic contact eczema – Following contact with a foreign substance such as a poison, lotion, etc, there is a local allergic reaction Atopic dermatitis – It is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder and often accompanied with other disorders such as asthma and hay fever. It is commonly seen on the arms and at the back of the knees, and flare up periodically Contact eczema – the reaction is localised when a allergen is contact causing itching, redness and swelling Seborrheic eczema- Commonly called as dandruff and is a mild skin inflammatory disorder arising due to unknown reasons and causing scaling, redness and itching of the scalp and face Neurodermatitis – This is characterised by scratching or picking of the skin resulting in development of rashes Stasis dermatitis – Develops from congestion of the veins of the legs resulting in irritation of the overlying skin Dyshidrotic eczema – Commonly occurs on the palms and soles and is seen as deep-seated skin lesions Perioral eczema – Bumpy rash and ulcers that develop around the mouth Nummular eczema – This is a coin-shaped lesion that develops in an irritated portion of the skin causing scaling, itching and encrusting (MedicineNet, 2011). Pathophysiology The exact cause of eczema and dermatitis is still not clearly known, but it may be a result of interplay of host, genetic and environmental factors. Further, stress and various emotional disorders can worsen or exacerbate the condition especially atopic dermatitis (Mayo Clinic, 2011). Most of the eczema occurs due to a hypersensitivity reaction of the skin, causing chronic skin inflammation (Lehrer, 2009). Some of the eczemas are autoimmune conditions and some of them are genetically transmitted, running in families. Atopic dermatitis is known to be transmitted through a genetic route and is often associated with asthma and hay fever. However, this association is often being questioned, as not all individuals with atopic dermatitis have asthma and hay ever, and not all individuals with asthma and hay fever have atopic dermatitis. However, both these conditions tend to run in families, and this may be due to common genetic trait being carried on (Mayo Clinic, 2011). Such disorder appears on trivial inflammation of the skin. Allergic eczemas are usually common and the individual may also have other allergic conditions such as asthma, hay fever, etc (DIS, 2011). There are several exacerbating factors for ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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