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Major Public Health Issues in the Us and Developing Nations - Essay Example


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Major Public Health Issues in the Us and Developing Nations

Comparison of infant mortality rates and HIV rates in The Us and that of Japan and India Infant mortality rate refers to the number of infant deaths under the age of one year compared with one thousand lives births. The United States being a developed country with advanced technology and good health facilities experience low infant mortality rate and HIV rate as compared to that of India, one of the developing nation in the world. However, Japan on the other hand, have lower infant mortality rate and HIV prevalence as compared with the United States. According to the CIA Factbook (par 175) on infant mortality rate, it was found that the United States had an average infant mortality rate of 6.26 per every 1000 live births. India, had an average of 30.15 per 1000 live births, while Japan had an infant mortality rate of 2.78 for every 1000 live births (CIA Factbook par 219). According to the National AIDS Control Organization report (2006) it was estimated that one in every eight Indians were infected with HIV and Aids. This figure translated to about 5.2 million Indians infected. In contrast, the HIV prevalence in the United States stands at below 1%. (Epstein 2010). ...
Therefore, HIV and Aids is a major contributor of infant mortality in most developing countries in the world as is the case in India. High Infant mortality and HIV rates in India has been attributed to poverty, poor diet and ignorance, and poor health facilities and unlimited education on HIV aids and Infant mortality. India

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however, has over the years made progress in the improvement of their health facilities to reduce infant mortality and reduce the HIV infections in the country. These measures saw a decline of infant mortality by 23% between 1981 and 1990 (Pandey 34). Consequently, many infant mortality in the United states is not caused by the HIV infections but instead is majorly caused by congenital malformations, which is a disorders resulting from short gestation and low birth weight, which causes infant death syndrome. This has accounted for approximately 43% of all infant deaths in the United States according to the Centre for Disease, Control and Prevention Report (13). Abortion has also contributed significantly to infant mortality in the United States since it is legalized. The World population Prospect report and the CIA Factbook (2009) shows that the United States has higher infant mortality rate of 6.26 compared to Japan with 2.94. HIV prevalence rate in Japan also stand at a low of 0.2% according to the CIA Factbook. However, the infection rates are still on the rise in Japan and this is contributing to a considerable increase in infant mortality rate. The first case of HIV in Japan was reported through blood transfusion, however, to day about 78% of new infections are as a result of sexual intercourse. However, the low infant mortality rate
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Name: Institution: Course: Date: Major Public Health Issues in the Us and developing nations - specifically infant mortality rates and HIV rates Infant mortality and HIV rates is one the major health issues that affects many countries in the world. The worst affected being the developing nations, which are associated with poor health facilities, poverty, and poor living standards…
Major Public Health Issues in the Us and Developing Nations
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