This essay “Theory of Interpersonal Relations / Hildegard Peplau” will analyze the nurse-patient relationship from the perspective of the interpersonal theory of nursing. It will establish that the nurse-patient relationship is the most significant element in the successful outcomes in therapy…
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Peplau divided the nursing processes into phases. The model also divided the function of the nurse into five functionalities (McNaughton, 2005). This essay will analyze the nurse-patient relationship from the perspective of the interpersonal theory of nursing. This study will establish that the nurse-patient relationship is the most significant element in the determination of successful outcomes in therapy especially with regard to victims of rape. The nurse according to Peplau’s theory had six roles in the nursing process: stranger, teacher, resource person, counselor, surrogate, and leader. A nurse is a strange person in that the meeting of the patient and nurse is usually not preceded by prior contact and hence a relationship has to be established starting from this perspective. The nurse is a teacher in that he offers information to the patient that will answer their need or interest. The role of the teacher and nurse also doubles up as a resource person in helping the patient understand current or developing situations. The nurse is a counselor in that it is upon the ethical nurse to assist the patient in understanding an integrating changing and current circumstances through the provision of support and direction (Peplau, 1989). The nurse acts as a surrogate in that they help the patient to identify their areas of dependence, independence, and interdependence so that they may be assisted. The nurse who then acts as a leader assists the patient in attaining responsibility in the achieving of particular objectives. The theory then divides the nursing process into four phases; orientation, identification, exploitation, and resolution. During the orientation phase, the nurse and the patient get to know each other and weigh up roles. This is the phase in which the patient gauges what amount of help is to be expected from the nurse. During this phase, the nurse attempts to establish a connection with the patient. After the establishment of a connection, the nurse will then attempt to identify the problems of the patient and make the patient realize the level of responsibility expected of him. After the identification of the problem follows the exploitation phase, in which the nurse then makes use of the information obtained in order to assist the patient in a professional manner. After the identification, orientation, and exploitation, there comes the final phase of resolution of the problems and finally the breaking of relations in which the patient leaves the institution. Victims of Rape in the Theory Victims of rape are more suited to treatment based on the interpersonal relations theory of nursing more than other models of nursing theories. Victims of rape are usually no free about talking about their experiences, which would make the work of helping them to be particularly difficult. In the treatment of rape victims, it is important that the nurse takes into account the physical trauma that the patient has undergone. The nurse will, therefore, have to follow the nursing theory in a systematic form of the patient is to be helped. The nurse will have to try to establish through an orientation in the first meeting (Mcnaughton, 2005). In the orientation phase, the nurse will try to establish a level of integrity with the patient in order to get the patient to gain trust and confidence in him.
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