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Hildegard Peplau - Theory of Interpersonal Relations - Assignment Example

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He proposed the theory of Interpersonal Relations for the profession of nursing; this theory was created with the focus on the importance of interpersonal…
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Hildegard Peplau - Theory of Interpersonal Relations
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Nursing Nursing Hildegard Peplau did his BA in Interpersonal Psychology and he did his MA in Psychiatric Nursing (Publish Web Server,2012). He proposed the theory of Interpersonal Relations for the profession of nursing; this theory was created with the focus on the importance of interpersonal relationship between patient, patient’s families and nurses (Masters, 2009, p.61). According to the theory, a nurse has the task of helping patients and colleagues identify the issues experienced by them. The theory states that nurses need to apply principles related to human relations for different issues experienced by patients. The theory highlights the roles played by nurses while providing relief to patients; these roles include the role of a stranger, the role of a person who owns and control resources, a person who provides counseling and lead individuals (Butts, 2011, p.271). The theory argues that there are four phases of interpersonal relationship through which nurses and patients pass through. These phases includes: in the first stage the problem experienced by patients is defined, in the next phase identification takes place, next alternatives for the solution of that problem are figured out, and lastly one of the selected alternatives is used to solve the problem (Meleis, 2011, p.633). All four metaparadigm concepts are involved in this theory; patient is the person who seeks to reduce the level of anxiety with the aid of nurse’s intrapersonal skills, environment is involved as the nurse takes into consideration the culture of the patient while conducting different roles, health of the patient is made better by counseling and the involved of nurse in the process is involved. This theory is applicable in all centers including practice, administration and education. This theory needs to be learned by nursing students so they can apply it during their practice as nurses experience patients with anxiety issues on day to day basis.
References
Butts, J. B., & Rich, K. (2011). Philosophies and theories for advanced nursing practice. Sudbury, Mass: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.
Hildegard Peplau Nursing Theorist Homepage. (n.d.). Publish Web Server. Retrieved November 24, 2012, from http://publish.uwo.ca/~cforchuk/peplau/hpcb.html
Masters, K. (2009). Role development in professional nursing practice. Sudbury, Mass: Jones and Bartlett Pub.
Meleis, A. I. (2011). Theoretical nursing: Development and progress. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Read More
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