Nobody downloaded yet

Smoking Cessation Esay - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Introduction: Cigarette smoking continues to be one of the major causes of avertable morbidity and early mortality. The primary causes of death from smoking are due to cardiovascular diseases, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and lung cancer. Smoking increases the risk of fatal heart diseases, atherosclerosis, stroke, diabetes, hypertension, lung cancer and cancers of mouth, throat, pancreas, kidney, bladder and cervix (Gerhardt and Stuart, 2009)…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.8% of users find it useful
Smoking Cessation Esay
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Smoking Cessation Esay"

Download file to see previous pages In a population of 45 million adults in U.S. 21% are cigarette smokers (Gerhardt and Stuart, 2009). Major component of cigarette; nicotine is extremely addictive and it increases the level of dopamine in brain creating feelings of satisfaction and contentment. Cessation of smoking causes withdrawal symptoms. Smoking cessation ensures a better health quality of life by reducing the risks of coronary artery disease, stroke and COPD. According to Pignone and Salazar (2009), smoking cessation can increase life expectancy of up to 3 years in women smokers and 2 years in men. In other researches, the life expectancy of a non-smoker is 13-14 years higher than a smoker (Chandler and Rennard, 2010). Studies have confirmed that smoking cessation has inflicts immediate health benefits to the individual. Several interventions are successful in smoking cessation which includes counseling, pharmacotherapy or a combination of both. In this respect, the most important factor is client’s self chosen health goal to quit smoking and both pharmacotherapy and counseling prove to be useful for such patients, however, in patients with unwilling behavior to quit pharmacotherapy is ineffective. Medical counseling approach should emphasize on health and economic benefits of cessation, motivational interviews, patient education on disease risk factors, community/family support and relapse prevention. Pharmacological therapies consist of nicotine replacement therapy which includes nicotine patch, gums, lozenges, nasal sprays, inhalers etc. (Pignone and Salazar, 2009). All of these have shown to be equally effective in smoking cessation. In addition, anti-depressant therapy with drugs such as Bupropion, varenicline and Clonidine have been proven as effective smoking cessation agents. Several studies have suggested that a combination of these pharmacological therapies is quite effective i.e. nicotine gum with nicotine patch etc. (Chandler and Rennard, 2010). Non-pharmacological interventions include practices such as hypnosis, acupuncture, herbal supplement, support groups etc. Several studies have been conducted over the past few decades to relate smoking cessation and health promotion in individuals. Two of these are discussed below. Ellerbeck et al., (2009), studied the varying levels of disease management in randomized trials. The research divided the clients into three treatment groups i.e. pharmacotherapy alone (nicotine replacement and anti-depressant therapy i.e. bupropion), combined pharmacotherapy with moderate intensity disease management and high intensity disease management comprising of counseling and provider feedback on smokers with or without the desire to quit. For pharmacotherapy with moderate intensity disease management, 2 counseling calls were made in every 6 months whereas in high intensity disease management 6 counseling calls were made in 6 months. Results demonstrated that self reported abstinence rates were much better in moderate and high intensity disease management than in pharmacotherapy alone. 23.5% and 27.9% abstinence rates were reported respectively for these groups. This group (37-60% patients) reported to have discussed smoking cessation and its potential benefits with their physicians. Also, free ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Smoking Cessation Esay Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Smoking Cessation Esay Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
“Smoking Cessation Esay Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Smoking Cessation Esay

Smoking Cessation

...? Psychology: Smoking Cessation By of Learning: Psychology: Smoking Cessation Introduction Health issues can be viewed from different perspective depending on the heath conditions and the causative agents. Most of the health issues are normally looked at from the medical perspective yet they can be best dealt with from other easier and convenient perspectives. In most cases, it is best to consider all the possible perspective while dealing with any health issue. Smoking habit is one of the health conditions that can be best dealt with from the physiological perspective yet many people prefer other ways. Smoking cessation...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay

Smoking cessation

...? Smoking cessation Smoking cigarettes induced a drug called Nicotine into the blood stream. Nicotine is a stimulating element that increases the feeling of relaxation and pleasure in the brain. Most smokers become addicted to the nicotine chemical found in tobacco in cigarettes. The reason why addiction comes in is because the body can no longer cope without a certain level of Nicotine in the blood (Munafo?,2003). Certain characteristics referred to as withdrawal symptoms are exhibited among regular smokers when they stay for a while without smoking. An addict will show general discomfort and irritation, dizziness and lack of attention because the levels of the stimulant...
5 Pages(1250 words)Term Paper

Program Evaluation: Smoking Cessation

... Program Evaluation: Smoking Cessation Stakeholders and stakeholder management One of the groups of people involved in this program is medical practitioners. Their main role will be to offer professional support to the facilitators of the program. They will be engaged mainly through phone contact and personal meetings. The other group consists of smokers. This particular group of stakeholders is the center of the program. The form of obtaining data from them is through the various support groups. Interactive meetings with some of the individuals will also be important. Their role will be to provide useful information to be used in designing the smoking cessation...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

Smoking Cessation

...? Smoking Cessation Community health nurses use the nursing process in motivating people and various groups to take actions aimed at promoting and maintaining health and preventing disease. In smoking cessation programs, they provide health education to enable smokers establish cessation goals and lifestyle changes. This paper outlines activities geared towards smoking cessation following the nursing process and giving the appropriate recommendations. Introduction Smoking refers to the inhalation of tobacco that has been burned in cigarettes, pipes and cigars, which causes nicotine to be absorbed through...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Smoking cessation

...Smoking Cessation Introduction: Cigarette smoking continues to be one of the major causes of avertable morbidity and early mortality. The primary causes of death from smoking are due to cardiovascular diseases, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and lung cancer. Smoking increases the risk of fatal heart diseases, atherosclerosis, stroke, diabetes, hypertension, lung cancer and cancers of mouth, throat, pancreas, kidney, bladder and cervix (Gerhardt and Stuart, 2009). It has also been associated with increased incidence of stroke, peptic ulcers, leukemia, respiratory infections etc (Pignone and Salazar, 2009). Despite the overwhelming...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Smoking Cessation

...College SMOKING CESSATION Proposed business will operate in the industry of the following NAICS All Other Miscellaneous Ambulatory Health Care Service NAICS Code: 621999 Common Keyword: Smoking cessation programs. The smoking cessations industry has been segmented according to consumer markets based on psychological needs (those who want to quit smoking) and psychosocial needs (social acceptance, personal image). The segmenting is based on the aim of reducing addiction and social acceptance of the smokers. The industry’s market segment is about $1 billion and the consumption rate of cessations cigarettes...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper

Smoking Cessation

...Smoking Cessation Smoking Cessation The term smoking is used to refer to the activity in which tobacco is flamed and smoke from thattobacco is either tasted or it is the person burning the tobacco inhales it. The most common form of smoking is cigarette smoking which has been found to impact the health of the smoker as well as people around him/her in a negative manner. Due to the negative consequences of smoking, abundant amount of importance is given to smoking cessation. Smoking cessation is a term used to refer to the...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Smoking Cessation

...Smoking cessation al Affiliation) Schultz, A. S. . An Ethnographic Study of Tobacco Control in Hospital Settings Tobacco Control, 15(4), 317-322. Qualitative method used in the article The ethnographic study was used as a mixed methods research project. It investigated the integration of tobacco connected activities that was conducted by registered nurses within their practices. The study obtained ethical approval for the project, which was obtained from the University of British Columbia Behavioral Research Ethics board. Data collection techniques used in the study In the study, the first author finished approximately 135 hours staying in the field while making observations in the activities at the ward. The author conducted 85... ...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper

Smoking cessation

...SMOKING/SMOKING CESSATION Smoking and the Need for Cessation Significantly, smoking is among the chiefsole causes of disease and sudden death in the United Kingdom having about 10 million smokers; additionally, it is more of a cause of preventable disease and premature death than the top next big causes put together in the United Kingdom (John 2005). Annually, smoking kills over 90,000 people in the country since usually over two thirds of all smokers will die of a smoking related illness eventually; mostly, smoking cessation are the only established and cost effective...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Health Promotion: Smoking Cessation

...Utilizing the health promotion model in smoking cessation al affiliation) Introduction Health promotion model provide guidance for the exploration of the various biophysical processes that encourage individuals to engage in behaviors that is directed toward promotion of their health. The model is effective in reducing and prevention of chronic medical conditions. The paper aims at explaining how the health promotion model can be utilized in the smoking cessation program (Blacconiere & Oleckno, 2012). Utilizing the health promotion model in smoking cessation Cigarette smoking causes premature deaths and illness in many...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Smoking Cessation Esay for FREE!

Contact Us