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Program Evaluation: Smoking Cessation - Term Paper Example

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A paper "Program Evaluation: Smoking Cessation" reports that one of the groups of people involved in this program is medical practitioners. Their main role will be to offer professional support to the facilitators of the program. They will be engaged mainly through phone contact and personal meetings…
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Program Evaluation: Smoking Cessation
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Download file to see previous pages Their role will be to provide useful information to be used in designing the smoking cessation program Evaluation model selection The program is extensively large since the target population is the entire populace of smokers in the US (Goel, 2008). This is however not a shortfall since the subject of smoking itself does not require a lot of studies since the outcomes of a small comparison group will suffice. The subject being an addiction means that what will be displayed in one smoker will most likely be homogeneous among all other smokers. Obtaining information would be considered rather easy. The records of those who have previously been enrolled in smoking cessation programs in health facilities will be found to be useful. Smokers would also voluntarily provide information. As mentioned before that the programs have been in place for some time, information from previous evaluations that were done on a smaller scale will be used as a baseline for this evaluation. Data collection methods The approaches of data collection that will be employed will include surveys, documents, observations, and interviews. (Auxin, 2006) Surveys This approach of employing surveys will involve the distribution of questionnaires to people who smoke or are affected by smoking. The main components of the questionnaires will be finding out how many people admit to being a smoker. Another question would be to find out those who have considered quitting and also to find out what is the biggest challenge that they face when trying to stop smoking. The respondents will be samples collected from different geographical locations to ensure that the sample population is representative of the whole population. It will also be important to have questionnaires designed differently to be filled out by health providers. These questionnaires will be primarily used to find out professional opinions that will be crucial in developing and implementing the smoking cessation program. (Auxin, 2006) Document Examination of archival documents will also be a vital source of information. These types of the source will be used mostly where information like national smoking prevalence is required. Existing records will have to be the latest and most credible. An important source will be recorded by the Center for Disease Control. Other institutions that can provide reliable data and statistics are recorded from hospitals who have records relating to smoking. An example of information that will be derived from the CDC are statistics of the smoking prevalence in the United States of America. Percentages and figures will be recorded in these archives. (Tashakkori, 2003) Observations Observation will involve monitoring of the implementation of the plan. This will involve monitoring smokers who are undergoing the smoking cessation program. This provides data on the effectiveness of the particular program. (Auxin, 2006) Interviews The interviews provide a personal contact with the respondents. The information deduced from interviews will be important in bringing out what the respondents would like to be included in the smoking cessation program. Information recorded from interviews is not majorly figures but opinions. Interviews form a major part of collecting important data to be used in the program implementation. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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