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The other cause of the trade was because the labor from Africa was cheap unlike the labor they used to get back in the colonies. This therefore increased the trade even more as more laborers who were cheaply bought in auctions and ship paddocks were easily available. The higher the demand, the more the Africans were captured in Africa and shipped over only for them to go and become slaves being mistreated and humiliated by their white employers and being worked mercilessly and tirelessly.
The other cause was that the African traditional leaders such as the chiefs wanted prosperity and they sought it through selling off some of their people to the European traders to be shipped over as slaves in return for getting riches such as ivory, gold, beads, clothes, shoes among others. These goods they were given in exchange with the slaves were not commonly available and hence brought about not only wealth but prestige and more power to the leaders.
The slave trade caused conflicts among the African themselves splitting some communities, resulting into deaths and permanent rift that is still present in some West African states to present. These conflict were brought about because he slaves were captured during raids of communities and once the raid took place, then conflicts between the communities ensured resulting in more fighting, death, destruction of property and political system among other negative consequences (Green, 2012, pg. 179).
Male slaves that were muscular and energetic were the ones sought after to be sold and this happened in large numbers as slave trade was at one point the main source of export in West Africa. This resulted in disproportion in the male population as well as break-up of the traditional family setup as women were forced to be the heads of households as well as offer security to their homesteads in addition to being the bread winners. Without strong males, the Africans became vulnerable to attacks as well as dwindle in farm
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No African origin was ever as prominent slaveholders as they later became. It had altered the societal structure of the country and capturing and selling of slaves across the Atlantic boosted up and stimulated the expansion of slavery within Africa. And the system of slavery became the central element to societies all across the African continent.
The conclusion from this study states that the Trans-Atlantic slave trade was characterized by inhuman treatment of African slaves who were captured from parts of West and Central Africa and transported across the Atlantic to the Americas. In the Americas, the slaves worked in plantations and industries the European colonies.
However, they later found this region to be of essence in terms of agriculture especially growing of sugar. This form of cultivation was labor intensive and they had to seek for slaves to do the work (Rawley & Behrendt, 2005, p.18-20). This marked the start of the Atlantic slave trade otherwise known as the triangular slave trade.
Tidal currents have been for centuries limited the trade, but the emergence of new seafaring technologies enhanced traversing of the Atlantic Ocean. According to historian John Thornton, various geographical and technical factors necessitated exploitation of Africans for slaves by Europeans.
The Muslim in North Africa dominated the sub-Saharan trade well into the first half of the 15th Century. The Portuguese did not want to clash with these North African Muslim Arabs, and when they wanted to trade with Africa, they traveled through to the west coast of Africa.
The trans-Atlantic trade involved the trade between the North America, Europe and Africa through a system called the triangular trade. It started when Christopher Columbus discovered the New World. Since then according to Karen Bravo (2007), the two European powers, Spain and Portugal initiated the transport of African slaves in the New World to replace the indigenous inhabitants in America who became victims of the colonists' "depredations, disease and labour demands" (p.
In 1783, vigorous campaigns were launched to pursue abolition of the Trans-Atlantic slave trade and in Britain two famous people who led the campaign were Thomas Clarkson and William Wilberforce (National
The ultimate degradation and dehumanization of slaves singularly characteristic of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade was the reduction of human beings to mere commodities and labor units. The minimum amount of food, clothing, and shelter was given to those slaves who
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