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In what ways, and to what extent, did the slave trade contribute to the structure of the Atlantic economy - Essay Example

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In what ways, and to what extent, did the slave trade contribute to the structure of the Atlantic economy? Name Institution In order to understand the impact slave trade had on the Atlantic economy, one must analyze the different groups of people affected…
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In what ways, and to what extent, did the slave trade contribute to the structure of the Atlantic economy
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Download file to see previous pages This essay, therefore, analyses the effects slave trade had on both the indigenous societies of Africa who supplied the slave traders with unlimited slaves and those who owned these slaves. This includes an analysis of the societies in which they lived in and the role played by their societal expectations in the growth of their economies (David 2007, p. 119). The study of the role played by society helps to put into perspective the psychological predispositions acting as driving forces behind the institution of slavery. Effects discussed in this essay includes; those had on the lifestyle of the indigenous societies, the economic boost experienced in plantation farming, the rise of merchants and the rapid rate of industrialization in European countries. African societies’ economies underwent significant transformations. Before, the introduction of the slave trade by European colonialists, African, indigenous societies thrived on their societal expectations and traditions. Societal expectations defined each society member's roles. This included the division of labor among the members on the grounds of gender and age among other factors. As a result, every member knew their roles from a remarkably early age in which agents of socialization imprinted on them. Socialization of the children either occurred through observational learning, conditional or operant learning. Observational learning involved children learning about their customs through modeling their peers or other members of society with whom they interacted. On the other hand, conditional and operant learning involved reinforcing of behavior through punishing unwanted behavior and recognizing acceptable ones. As a result, all functions of the society worked efficiently and further complemented each other. Functions relied on each other to operate efficiently. Meaning, destabilizing one function created an imbalance in the other functions leading to a breakdown in the functioning of the entire society. Since, culture played a key role in shaping people’s psychological perspectives, the adhering to gender roles took precedence. In most societies, the responsibility of providing for the family and involvement in most economic activities fell upon the men. They, therefore, engaged themselves in revenue generating activities, which helped them sustain their families, for example, agriculture and trade among others. The institution of the slave trade in the African regions adjacent to the Atlantic created an imbalance in the day-to-day functioning of the society. This is because, slave dealers hand-picked the healthy, capable members of the society especially men, to sell as slaves. As a result, the economic sectors of most societies crumbled, since only the frail, old and young remained to run the society. This had detrimental repercussions on the entire society because most importantly, it brought about a change in societal expectations. The assigning of roles based on gender and age experienced considerable readjustments, whereby, women had to fill in for their men and begun providing for their families. On the other hand, children began working at an early age to ensure the society’s survival. This also caused significant implications on the political sector, whereby, most societies had to deal with an inadequate defense function because they lacked able bodied men to defend their society. As a result, societies raided each other with the hope of capturing prisoners of war to sell ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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