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Durkheim has regarded such a state of the society as anomie, anomie is a term used to refer to a society whose norms have failed and is experiencing a state of normlessness (Williams, 2012, p.341). This state is either experienced by the overall society or certain sections of the society. Anomie cannot be referred to as a cognitive state, rather it is a term used to refer to a particular property found within the social structure. The term is used to describe a society’s situation where an individual’s wants are not under the regulations and norms of the society and it further describes a society where the individual does not have any form of moral code of conduct to follow while they pursue their own aims and objectives. A society that has zero norms can never exist, but societies where the level of norms is either high or less do exist (Siegel, 2013, p.204). Durkheim even asserted that desire for wealth can lead to conditions which might be anomic in nature as this desire makes an individual believe that in order to attain wealth, individuals have to depend on themselves, while state of poverty may restrict anomic conditions from taking place.
Shaw and McKay were of the view that higher rate of crime was experienced in certain regions and the rate of crime in these areas remained quite stable for longer period of time and this indicated environment that is socially disordered and they recognized these areas as zone II or zones of transition (Vito, 2012, p.143). They stated that areas that experience social disorder may lead to events of criminal activities and activities that are anti-social. Both the researchers further conducted studies to identify the factors resulted in the creation of socially disordered area. According to them there were three main characteristics of environment that is socially disordered, these characteristics
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Strain theory evolved over several decades from a concept originally developed from a model promoted by the sociologist, Emile Durkheim, in his published work Suicide in 1897. Here he presented a theory that outside influences can cause a malaise in individuals leading to depression and anomie, or a lack of value and purpose.
The researchers have concentrated their study on the period between 1959 and 1974, where they have gathered the data from divergent units of analysis in order to give representation to different socioeconomic and ethno-racial groups involved in the crimes in one way or the other.
The interest in these subjects is not surprising considering that crime present an impediment to the enjoyment of society of the benefits of progress that advanced civilization has brought to society. This interest and study has engendered a host of theories and schools of thought regarding the motivations of crime.
This papers will investigate the two key criminology schools of thought (positivist and classical), their perspectives and views of human nature, justice and reason for sentencing crime suspect. The discussion will also outline the profound differences and similarities between the two schools of thoughts.
So, the theory concludes, that if an object is not properly guarded and if the reward correlates with the risk then a crime is likely to happen. Crime does not happen because of a great number of wicked people or the appearance of some super-predators in the area. The crime
Criminology originated in Britain at the beginning of the 1950s and it started as a pioneering method to research crime (Tierney 2010). Even though the crime investigation can be traced long before the 1950s, criminology itself, started to be
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