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International Relations for Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping - Essay Example

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During the tenure of Mao Zedong, there were middle class consumers in China. From the upper rich class, there were the…
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International Relations for Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping
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International Relations for "Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping" Mao Zedong During the rule of Mao Zedong, China was in a territorial war with Japan, which called or both political and economic support from friendly nations. During the tenure of Mao Zedong, there were middle class consumers in China. From the upper rich class, there were the peasantries. To execute an economic revolution, Zedong had to use the farm surplus produced by the peasants to run industries in China. Zedong through his Communist Party of China wanted to conduct Chinese economic revolution by first gaining total independence that would shield the country from the dictatorship of the world Communist Movement (Hu, Gerald and Daojioung 17). Actually, Mao Zedong through his Communist Party of China collaborated even with the capitalist states like the United States of America, Japan and many European countries.
Mao Zedong had a great quest for dominance over the perceived neighbors and trade partners like Russia and Germany. As demonstrated by Wang (27), this made him appear resistant to the external forces advising him how to manage the government to find a throughway towards better economic development. In fact, Mao Zedong did ignore otherwise good advice from Stalin who wanted China to become a fully communist state. Mao also appeared to cheer over the death of Stalin hoping that he would become the next powerful leader to control the allied group. This however did not materialize when Khrushchev ascended to power to continue the initial state of power held by Stalin. Mao’s continued opposition against the ideologies of his fellow leaders in the Communist world including Khrushchev soured to the extent of causing withdrawal of China dismissal from the Communist Movement. Mao continually resisted moves and policies adopted by Khrushchev towards defending their members. One such opposition occurred when Khrushchev backed down to Cuban missile milieu.
Deng Xiaoping
Deng appears as one of the Chinese leaders who took the revolution vehicle to the right direction. After the death of Mao Zedong in 1976, and his rise to power, Deng repaired their tutored relationship with the international community by denouncing communism and adopting socialism form of rule. Deng went ahead to reconcile with Soviet Union and all countries that surrounded China having he pains of the peasant citizens at hand (Deng 23). In fact, Deng is one lead who contributed to the economic classification of countries as first class, second and third. In the classification, Deng admitted that Soviet Union and United States were in the first class.
Deng also agreed to have China classified in the third class that involves developing countries. China used this status to fights for unity with other developing countries in the third class, to draw power to challenge the developed countries for favors. In fact, Deng declared that China will remain in the third class and will never desire to become a super power state. Such statements were perhaps intended to neutralizer the woes and grudges the Soviet Union and United States could have against China. This will then attract a lot of economic support to the country to develop its foundations for economic revolution. Deng adopted the market Marxism technique that saw him open up China for infrastructure development, technological inflows. He could jail and assassinate any person understood to criticize his policies of making China play a neutral ground in the global political-economy.
Works cited
Deng, Yong. China Rising: Power and Motivation in Chinese Foreign Policy. Lanham [u.a.: Rowman & Littlefield, 2005. Print.
Deng, Yong. Chinas Struggle for Status: The Realignment of International Relations. Cambridge [u.a.: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2008. Print.
Hu, Weixing, Gerald Chan, and Daojiong Zha. Chinas International Relations in the 21st Century: Dynamics of Paradigm Shifts. Lanham [u.a.: Univ. Press of America, 2000. Print.
Nolan, Cathal J. A - E. Westport, Conn. [u.a.: Greenwood Publ, 2002. Print.
Wang, Yizhou. Transformation of Foreign Affairs and International Relations in China, 1978-2008. Leiden: Brill, 2011. Print. Read More
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