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Social Problem Theories - Essay Example

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In doing so, a small group of close associates of the victim, for instance friends, neighbors and family members must be gathered and interpersonal communication carried out (Furze,…
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Social Problem Theories
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Running Head: Suicide or Homicide as a Social Problem Suicide or Homicide as a Social problem The Symbolic interactionism theory can be used to explain the problem of suicide or homicide. In doing so, a small group of close associates of the victim, for instance friends, neighbors and family members must be gathered and interpersonal communication carried out (Furze, 2011). The interpersonal communication will focus on the social life of the victim since people always attach meaning to what an individual does. In using friends, relatives and neighbors, a proper explanation of the social behavior and understanding of the subjective meaning of the social status of the victim is established (Furze, 2011). The aim of Symbolic interactionism is to encourage people to help one another in social matters. A critical focus will be put on the subjective meaning among small groups of people including the popular and non-popular viewpoints. This aids in the understanding and acceptance of the problem.
Functionalists will explain the problem of suicide or homicide by looking at the social behavior of an individual in the larger society. This entails the collection of information from the members of the society who may be familiar with the individual in terms of social status (Mooney, Knox, & Schacht, 2012). Since the main focus of the theory is the steady patterns of social relations or structures of the victim, for instance the consequence of social cohesion patterns on the rates of suicide or homicide. In explaining the issue of suicide or homicide, the Functionalist theorists demonstrate how social structures uphold or challenge social stability (Mooney, Knox, & Schacht, 2012. Functionalists will offer a proper analysis on the effects of some members of the society on an individual’s behavior. Basing on the theory therefore, it will be argued that in order to address the problem of suicide or homicide, societal issues must be addressed for instance poverty, unemployment, and relationships.
Conflict theorists will explain the problem of suicide or homicide basing on the differences in the societal, political, or material status of the members of the social group (Zetterberg, 2002). The analysis of the socio-political structure differentiates the theory from the functionalism. Conflict theory, will address the issue of differences in power. In most cases, the privileged members of the community always try to uphold their benefits while the poor groups continue to suffer. According to the theory, under special circumstances, steady discrimination patterns in the society might lead to social stability (Zetterberg, 2002). The problem of suicide or homicide for instance, is common among the poor. Due to their social status, most of them will therefore avoid being involved in the vice, since they feel that nobody will recognize them.
References
Furze, B. (2011). Sociology in Todays World. South Melbourne, Vic: Cengage Learning Australia.
Mooney, L. A., Knox, D., & Schacht, C. (2012). Understanding social problems. Belmont, Calif: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.
Zetterberg, H. L. (2002). Social theory and social practice. New Brunswick, N.J: Transaction Publishers. Read More
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