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There have been many theories regarding how the pyramids at Giza were constructed. Most experts agree that they were constructed as burial monuments for pharaohs, but how these ancient people constructed monuments of such great size without modern m - Essay Example

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Egypt boasts of having over one hundred pyramids, among them, the Giza Pyramids. Many theories developed to explain the mystery behind the construction of pyramids. These are…
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There have been many theories regarding how the pyramids at Giza were constructed. Most experts agree that they were constructed as burial monuments for pharaohs, but how these ancient people constructed monuments of such great size without modern m
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Theories behind the Construction of the Giza Pyramid Pyramids are one of the greatest wonder of the world and serve as critical tourist attraction sites. Egypt boasts of having over one hundred pyramids, among them, the Giza Pyramids. Many theories developed to explain the mystery behind the construction of pyramids. These are discussed below.
Jean-Pierre Houdin, a French engineer, suggests that pyramids were constructed in the form of ramps in stages (Gary & Talcott, 2006). He proposes that stage one of the constructions involved the construction of a straight ramp, dragged by laborers that went into the pyramid. A spiral ramp constructed internally was twisted inside the outer edge f the core masonry. In stage two, a Grand Gallery design used in controlling the mechanisms helped in moving the heavy blocks of granite blocks (Gary & Talcott, 2006). These blocks were placed into the ceiling. Stage three involved the removal of the blocks on the outside ramp one by one through the internal spiral ramp and using them to construct the top two thirds of the pyramid. The monument grew skywards while the internal spiral ramp also lengthened to the apex. When it was completed the outer straight ramp dismantled, and the inner one was sealed.
Another theory is the limestone concrete hypothesis by material scientist; Joseph Davidovits that stipulates that the pyramid blocks are not carved stones (Davidovits & Margie, 1988). It proposes that soft limestone of high kaolinite content the in Wadi, south of Giza Plateau was quarried. The Nile fed pools were used to dissolve the limestone till it became watery slurry, then left to evaporate. The resultant wet concrete was taken to the construction site and packed into reusable blocks. New blocks are cast on top of the old blocks and pressed.
From the theories above, I support the limestone hypothesis because it utilizes the natural resources like limestone and the Nile River. It was discovered that mineral compounds and air bubbles in samples of the limestone pyramid blocks do not occur in natural limestone. This supports the kaolinite limestone theory.
References
Davidovits, J. & Margie M. (1988). The Pyramids: An Enigma Solved. New York: Dorset.
Gary, P.B. & Talcott, R. (2006). Stargazing in Ancient Egypt. Astronomy, Vol. 34, No. 6, p. 62-
67. Read More
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