Egyptian Pyramids There are very few wonders of the Ancient world that are left. Some were destroyed as the result of war and others were destroyed due to a natural phenomenon. The last megaliths of a once great Egyptian society are the pyramids. These megaliths are scattered throughout Egypt…
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The building of these pyramids took a vast labor force and vast amount of resources. Often, prisoners and slaves of conquest were subscripted into the labor force, but the citizens were also used. In archeological sites, it is found that in areas where these pyramids are built that they stimulated village economies. As a result, there are many different types of shops and buildings that have been uncovered showing how the Egyptians were able to support and supply such a massive workforce. The pyramids were not a static structure, but rather evolved over time as the Egyptians became more and more sophisticated in the field of mathematics, materials construction, and architecture. The first pyramids were less sophisticated and represented more rectangular flat structures called mastabas. This is why there is an observable trend in the change in the construction of the periods between the Old Kingdom and the New Kingdom as better methods of construction were discovered. Pharaoh Djoser constructed the first pyramid. His pyramid was made of mud brick and other materials that were soon replaced with the stone architecture. In addition, his building plan left the burial chamber and passageways below the surface and they were eventually plundered. Subsequent burial chambers in the next pyramids were built deep within the heart of the pyramid with a subsequent mirage of multiple mazes. In order to protect the contents and body of the Pharaoh that was buried, Egyptian architectures started looking at improving security systems in order to protect them. The most common method was through the creation of booby traps in order to keep grave robbers from reaching the burial chamber by either scaring them away or killing them. There were also decoy chambers designed in order to make robbers think they were in the real chamber. The use of multiple mazes also created additional protection by offering many different routes, some of which lead to dead ends designed to confuse those that entered the tomb without permission. The culture of the Egyptians was built around the concept of the afterlife. Despite the oxymoronic nature of this concept, the Egyptians spent a great deal of time concentrating on arrangements for when they died. One of the big concepts, which shaped the reason for why the pyramids were constructed, was that the people who died and moved on to the afterlife would still have corporeal needs. As a result, the pyramids were built with storage rooms in order to accommodate everything that a person might need with them in the afterlife. This ranged from food to clothing to other items that might prove useful. There were also reports that other people, such as wives and pets, were also buried with the individual so that they could continue on in the afterlife with their social convoy. After the decline of the Egyptian Empire, western society such as the French and British arrived and saw these massive megaliths. They were intrigued and began to study them. One of the conquerors who contributed a great deal to the study of Egyptology was Napoleon. He ordered for complex and intricate data to be taken on the pyramids so that they could be studied. In addition, during Napoleon’s time in Egypt, he discovered one of the most important ancient artifacts in
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