The Egyptian pyramids are massive structures anciently build in various locations across Egypt. The pyramid-shaped masonry constructions were built to host the kings (Pharoahs) and their consorts when they died (Lehner 41). It is widely believed that the monumental structures were constructed during the old and middle kingdom eras…
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It is widely believed that the monumental structures were constructed during the old and middle kingdom eras. The Egyptian pyramids have been of great interest to the world with historians, architects, religious groups and other parties making various acclamations in their interest. In particular, the great Pyramid of Khufu located in Giza remains of interest considering that it is the largest of the structures and the only standing among the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. For a long time the question of how the pyramids were built has been subject of contentious debate. While some quarters believe that they were build by aliens, mostly slaves, recent architectural findings reveal that these structures were built of people out of bondage; Egyptians themselves. This paper discusses in light of architectural findings who took part in building the noble structures. Background to the Egyptian Pyramids Ancient Egyptians held the belief that whenever any one of their kings passed on, they were transformed into gods. When a pharaoh died, he became Osiris and continued with his duties as king, this time round his subjects being the dead. The new king would become the sun god’s protector and god of the heavens as noted by Quirke (118). The new king would become god Horus (Quirke 118). The ancient Egyptians believed that when a pharaoh died, a part of his spirit would stick to his body as noted by (National Geographic par 9). Without proper care, the fallen king would not be able to conduct his royal duties in his new capacity as king of the dead. The people believed that disaster would befall the kingdom if the king was not properly taken care of even in death. In a bid to prevent this from happening, the fallen kings would be mummified and buried with a lot of items for their use in the new kingdom. The dead kings were sheltered in tombs or pyramids to provide shelter and protection to the king’s soul that rested in his corpse. Previous Belief that Pyramids were built by Slaves The structures of the ancient Egyptian pyramids are wondrous considering their size, shape and accuracy. It is estimated that between 20,000 and 100,000 workers were involved in the construction of the pyramids. The pyramids were constructed over a period of 80 years, most of the work being accomplished during times of flood. For a long time in the past, it was widely believed that aliens were involved in the heavy work of building the Egyptian pyramids. The work even by today’s standards is heavy considering that the workers had to move about 5.5 million tons of stone (Shaw par 1). Some of the stone blocks weighed as much as nine tons (Shaw par 1). Previously, it was believed that slaves of Jewish antecedents serving a hostile Pharaoh were engaged in building the structures as opposed to the bondless Egyptians. This notion has been propagated by the Judeo-Christian tradition and popularized by video productions such as The Ten Commandments as directed by Cecil Mille (Shaw par 1). In the video, Jewish slaves are driven to work by whip wielding Egyptian slave drivers in the scotching heat of the sun. The idea of slave builders was first suggested by an ancient Greek historian by the name of Herodotus (The Associated Press par 2). The previous belief that the pyramids were built by slaves is based on the common belief that people loyal to the kingdom could not have been subjected to forced labor and oppression to the extent involved in the construction of the monuments. In other words, slaves would easily have been pushed to their limits to perform the difficult tasks of building the pyramids without significant loss to the kingdom. However, this notion is currently dispelled in the fact that it undermines the skills
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Since the decline of ancient Egyptian civilization, many researchers, conquerors, etc. have visited Egypt in the hopes of discovering the unknown secrets of the pyramids. However, despite the advances in science, there are many things that Egyptologists are unable to discover and understand in regards to the sophisticated structure and significance of the Pyramids, as well as the hypothesis of how these massive structures were build with prehistoric technology.
Topic: Research theories on how the Pyramids at Giza were built ; compare and choose 1 to support Introduction - The Mystery of the Pyramids of Giza The pyramids at Giza in Egypt are one of the most renowned wonders of the world which has mesmerized people all around the globe, since its discovery.
According to Robert, and Mcnally the great Sphinx of Egypt is a carving made from natural bedrock with blocks of limestone. It is one of the prehistoric sculptures that can be seen today. It consists of the human head and the rest looks like a body of a lion. It was carved from limestone and was a symbol of the sun god.
Historians wrote that Egyptians had these beliefs that if the Pharaoh would live forever if their bodies are mummified (Hoffman, 2012). Under this pyramid cones are Pharaoh’s or its queen’s remains and his belongings that are preserved by the dry desert heat from decomposition.
However, many of the pyramids were constructed in the period known as the old kingdom of Egypt. This is a period during the third millennium BC (Levy, 2005). Having said this, it is very clear that though the dates could have high discrepancies, what are of more importance would be the structural, function and the social history of these great constructions.
Yet the excavations carried out in the village of Karanis in Fayum, by an expedition from the University of Michigan in the 1920s and 1930s is seen by researchers as a valuable store of archeological evidence of the post-Pharaonic period
od was so massive and had such diverse features to display that great monumental structures along the river Nile, especially the Great Pyramid of Giza and the Great Sphinx of Giza still amaze the architectural engineers and experts of recent times (Tour Egypt, “The Giza
Calvert says that the pyramids are the last of the Seven Wonders of ancient time (Calvert). They are the most impressive structure to ever been built with an unsurpassed height and overwhelming mass which seem impossible to perfect. Their gigantic structure explains
Yet, it is a reality that the Egyptian Pyramids and the Mesoamerican pyramids bear some remarkable differences, which are noteworthy.
The one peculiar thing about the Egyptian pyramids is that they happen to be true pyramids in the sense that their dimensions, and
(Tignor 13). The pre-dynastic periods of the region hold as much history as the post dynastic period of the region. The entire origin and establishment of the Egyptian civilization originates from the establishment of the Nile Valley as
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