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Archeology: Building of the Egyptian Pyramids - Research Paper Example

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The Egyptian pyramids are massive structures anciently build in various locations across Egypt. The pyramid-shaped masonry constructions were built to host the kings (Pharoahs) and their consorts when they died (Lehner 41). It is widely believed that the monumental structures were constructed during the old and middle kingdom eras…
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Archeology: Building of the Egyptian Pyramids
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Download file to see previous pages It is widely believed that the monumental structures were constructed during the old and middle kingdom eras. The Egyptian pyramids have been of great interest to the world with historians, architects, religious groups and other parties making various acclamations in their interest. In particular, the great Pyramid of Khufu located in Giza remains of interest considering that it is the largest of the structures and the only standing among the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. For a long time the question of how the pyramids were built has been subject of contentious debate. While some quarters believe that they were build by aliens, mostly slaves, recent architectural findings reveal that these structures were built of people out of bondage; Egyptians themselves. This paper discusses in light of architectural findings who took part in building the noble structures. Background to the Egyptian Pyramids Ancient Egyptians held the belief that whenever any one of their kings passed on, they were transformed into gods. When a pharaoh died, he became Osiris and continued with his duties as king, this time round his subjects being the dead. The new king would become the sun god’s protector and god of the heavens as noted by Quirke (118). The new king would become god Horus (Quirke 118). The ancient Egyptians believed that when a pharaoh died, a part of his spirit would stick to his body as noted by (National Geographic par 9). Without proper care, the fallen king would not be able to conduct his royal duties in his new capacity as king of the dead. The people believed that disaster would befall the kingdom if the king was not properly taken care of even in death. In a bid to prevent this from happening, the fallen kings would be mummified and buried with a lot of items for their use in the new kingdom. The dead kings were sheltered in tombs or pyramids to provide shelter and protection to the king’s soul that rested in his corpse. Previous Belief that Pyramids were built by Slaves The structures of the ancient Egyptian pyramids are wondrous considering their size, shape and accuracy. It is estimated that between 20,000 and 100,000 workers were involved in the construction of the pyramids. The pyramids were constructed over a period of 80 years, most of the work being accomplished during times of flood. For a long time in the past, it was widely believed that aliens were involved in the heavy work of building the Egyptian pyramids. The work even by today’s standards is heavy considering that the workers had to move about 5.5 million tons of stone (Shaw par 1). Some of the stone blocks weighed as much as nine tons (Shaw par 1). Previously, it was believed that slaves of Jewish antecedents serving a hostile Pharaoh were engaged in building the structures as opposed to the bondless Egyptians. This notion has been propagated by the Judeo-Christian tradition and popularized by video productions such as The Ten Commandments as directed by Cecil Mille (Shaw par 1). In the video, Jewish slaves are driven to work by whip wielding Egyptian slave drivers in the scotching heat of the sun. The idea of slave builders was first suggested by an ancient Greek historian by the name of Herodotus (The Associated Press par 2). The previous belief that the pyramids were built by slaves is based on the common belief that people loyal to the kingdom could not have been subjected to forced labor and oppression to the extent involved in the construction of the monuments. In other words, slaves would easily have been pushed to their limits to perform the difficult tasks of building the pyramids without significant loss to the kingdom. However, this notion is currently dispelled in the fact that it undermines the skills ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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This research paper was always my weak point. I could never finish it well. Still, after I found this particular essay, I understood how it should be completed. So, I performed my research afterward and completed the research paper in several hours, instead of weeks as it was previously.
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