Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Homosexual male couple wants to adopt a child. What will Rousseau, Benedict, and Aquinas argue. What is your view Explain - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
When studying Philosophy and ethics, it is easy to think that the ethics of people who are long dead bear very little relevance to contemporary issues. However influential they were in another time, how can one enter into substantive dialogue with them in our time? This paper…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.8% of users find it useful
Homosexual male couple wants to adopt a child. What will Rousseau, Benedict, and Aquinas argue. What is your view Explain
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Homosexual male couple wants to adopt a child. What will Rousseau, Benedict, and Aquinas argue. What is your view Explain"

March 2, Homosexual Adoption: ical Views on a Contemporary Issue When studying Philosophy and ethics, it is easy to think that the ethics of people who are long dead bear very little relevance to contemporary issues. However influential they were in another time, how can one enter into substantive dialogue with them in our time? This paper will attempt to do so, by imagining the views of Rousseau, Benedict and Aquinas in comparison with my own, in response to a male homosexual couple wanting to adopt a child.
This is an ethical issue because some people feel it is morally wrong or unnatural to be homosexual, or to be romantically coupled with a person of the same gender, and that children need to be protected from such people. Others feel that adults have a right to express sexual preference, that it is a private choice and not a moral issue at all, but that children need a mother and a father which, by definition, a male homosexual couple cannot provide. Still others feel that children need parents to love and guide them, and that sexual preference is not pertinent.
Rousseau claimed that individual freedom comes from sacrificing personal liberty to the “general will”, so that the common interest (not necessarily the majority vote) can be legislated and everyone is protected by the community’s will (Philosophy, et cetara). In the case of conflict, arising from diversity, Rousseau claims that the common interest is what benefits all members, so minority interests are protected from being exploited. Individual rights become collective rights. The general will can never take away individual rights because individual rights are not of practical use to the community or common good (Philosophy, et cetara).
Given this argument, relative to the issue under consideration, it is an individual right to become part of a couple and to raise a family. The general will can only be given an opportunity to overturn this right if two conditions are met. The first is that there is found sufficient and overwhelming evidence that there is danger or developmental threat to children from male homosexual parents. In this event, it can be said to be in the common good to protect the children of the community, who are all innocent and good (Doyle and Smith), from threat. The second condition, which must also be met, along with the first, is that the general will leads to legislation protecting all children of all parents from all threats of any kind. This condition is necessary to meet the requirement of equality under the law. As these conditions do not currently exist, then Rousseau would support the right of the male homosexual couple to adopt the child.
Benedict Spinoza builds on Neo-Platonic thought and Descarte’s definition of “substance” and advocates non-dualism, insisting everything is of one substance. The substance is God, the Absolute. Man is the natural unfolding of God’s nature. Man is identical, in a pantheistic sense, with God ( Therefore the love of man for man is still, in essence, the love of God for God. Homosexuality cannot be immoral because God is not immoral. In the same way, if a male homosexual couple adopts a child and loves the child, and the child loves them as parents, this too is the unity of God’s love. Spinoza would defend their right to adopt, reminding the State of their duty to encourage the men to know God through the rational efforts of raising the child, an expression of God, whom they seek to know.
Thomas Aquinas classified, supported and justified the teachings and rules of the Catholic Church (Hillar, 22). He took, as absolutes, Church religious dogma and supported absolute obedience to its edicts. He would, therefore, have been opposed to a male homosexual couple adopting a child, as it is forbidden by the Catholic Church.
My own opinion, in this matter, is that if a male homosexual couple wants to adopt and parent a child, and they are reasonably certain they have a loving, stable relationship, and are prepared to love the child, then they should have the same rights as any heterosexual couple with a similar desire and intention. I agree with Rousseau that majority and minority must be treated equally and fairly, and that the majority has no right to impose power over the minority, where the common interest is not being threatened. I also like Benedict’s way of seeing everyone as being of one God substance, and that the love of man for man is the love of God for God.
Works Cited
Doyle, Michele Erina and Mark K. Smith. "Jean-Jacques Rousseau on Education." 2007. The Encyclopaedia of Informal Education. Web. 2 March 2012 .
Hillar, Marian. "The Justification of Morals in the Philosophy of Thomas Aquinas." Hillar, M. and H.R. Leuchtag. Ethics and Humanism. Houston: American Humanist Association, 1992. 21-40. Print.
Philosophy, et cetara. "Rousseau and the "General Will"." 20 March 2004. Philosophy, et cetara. Web. 2 March 2012 . "Modern Philosophy - The Philosophy of Bendict Spinoza." 1 June 2010. Web. 2 March 2012 . Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Homosexual male couple wants to adopt a child. What will Rousseau, Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Homosexual Male Couple Wants to Adopt a Child. What Will Rousseau, Essay)
“Homosexual Male Couple Wants to Adopt a Child. What Will Rousseau, Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Homosexual male couple wants to adopt a child. What will Rousseau, Benedict, and Aquinas argue. What is your view Explain

Should Homosexual Couples be Allowed to Adopt

... Should Homosexual couples be allowed to adopt? Homosexual couples are capable of raising healthy children, their life style will not be transcended to them and they will not be psychologically damaged as suggested by the traditional family. Adoption by Homosexual couple is definitely an agreeable fact. This is evident from the number of children in orphanages, who need to be adopted, cared for and loved. What rights do heterosexual couples or other people have to tell same sex couples, that they cannot parent and love a child, just as they do or even better? So, therefore if the same sex couples are in a monogamous relationship, financially stable and most importantly a loving relationship, they should be allowed to adopt a child...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper


... view of good. While for Aquinas the highest object of the highest human power, that is intellect, ought to be a ‘cognitive-affective union’, to us who have quite figured the ultimate goodness of physical pleasures derived via things that immediately appeal to the senses, there seems no hope of understanding how Aquinas’ immaterial good may find suitable connection to the extremely material good of the present age. No wonder why the notion of ‘common good’ becomes hardly existent in our time, because the great barrier that separates man’s discernment of natural law by spiritual or metaphysical doctrine and man’s comprehension of the current reality is filled with practicalities of the need to gain and the need to survive a highly corporeal...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Homosexual Stereotypes

Homophobia is a feeling of apprehension, worry, aversion, abhorrence and revulsion with the act of being homosexual. This fear and apprehension let the heterosexual believe that the homosexuals are inferior beings and their attitudes, their behaviours, their societal articulation, media and other texts project this. When the homosexuals experience such a dislike and abhorrence, they either have then nothing to do except to hide their sexual orientation or led a life of an inferior being. This inferiority complex when materializes, it hinders these individuals to get to know themselves and accept what they truly are. The problem of homophobiais the result of many false propaganda and many myths about homosexuals and the societal n...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay


... and the common good, can only occur politically. There is no Archimedean resolution to this inherent democratic dilemma. For Rousseau the essence of both "natural freedom" and "civil freedom" was the absence of personal dependence on others. In a society characterized by a healthy civic culture, all constantly adhere to the general will, regardless of their specific interests. This refers to a society where democracy along with a complete totalitarianism is followed. Rousseau possessed the view that only in this manner we can expect complete freedom of democratic sovereignty in Western Europe. This civic culture of conflict-free social solidarity is best facilitated by a relatively undifferentiated political economy. Due...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Explain your view of the role of television

The primary purpose of television is entertainment and amusement. For many people, television replaces reading and theatre, movie and other forms of entertainment. The introduction of television into society seems to have an important effect on frequent hobbies and activities, according to research done in Great Britain in the early 1990s as television was being introduced into that country. An initial decrease in all activities, but most infrequent activities tended to "rebound" after the novelty of television wore off. Television has yet a different meaning to teenagers as its role is limited (Charlton 2001). Most adults watch television for entertainment and information -- and as a means of "unwinding" from a long day of work....
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Abortion and the Female/Male View

But that is generally followed by considerable amount of numbness concerning the whole issue. Apart from the physical health complications involving abortion there are many mental illness that tend to accompany the female undergoing abortion. Women who have undergone post-abortion counseling report over 100 major reactions to abortion. Among the most frequently reported are: depression, loss of self-esteem, self-destructive behavior, sleep disorders, memory loss, sexual dysfunction, chronic problems with relationships, dramatic personality changes, anxiety attacks, guilt and remorse, difficulty grieving, increased tendency toward violence, chronic crying, difficulty concentrating, flashbacks, loss of interest in previously enjoyed...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Using Your adopt a Business

... Task: Adopt a Business Retailer In any business venture, there is a need to utilize quality business models that aim at increasing profits. These models should be weighed in terms of their profits and losses. Therefore, this paper aims to discuss the various stages of Three-Stage of Service Commission and their implications folds the business and customers. Additionally, the discussion attempts to evaluate other recommendations that a retailer can pursue to boost sales and profits (Jefferson). In an Adopt, a Business Retailer, there are the Three-Stage of Service Commission stages which entail pre-purchase, Service Encounter and Post Encounter. On that note, pre-purchase involve an awareness of the clients such as the products...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

Teaching your child charity

April 24th Children and Charity “Teaching your Child Charity” by Diane Harris - Summary The article addresses the importance of teaching your child to be charitable at an early age and how to go about it. The writer posits that, despite their tendency to squabble over the best of toys, treats and clothes, children are born with innate feelings of charity and compassion. With close observation, one can see this in the compassionate acts small children, such as a 5 year old comforting a bullied kid is a sign of inherent charity (Harris 1). It is further suggests that children should be given a chance to exercise their charitable “muscles” just as they get a chance to exercise their legs muscles when learning to walk. Teaching chil...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Homosexual Rights

... and cope with all the perceptions and ridicules from members of the society. Taiwan is one of the first Chinese countries to advocate for homosexual rights when they launched they gay parade in 2003. Whilst some people think that Taiwan may tolerate homosexuality, the reality is that many people in different communities feel humiliated by this practice of homosexuality. Homosexuality will take some time to be accepted by all members of the society though lesbians and gays argue that they have the same rights like other heterosexuals. This is the reason why they are advocating for equal rights since they argue that they have a choice to choose a partner they want. Lesbian and gay activists in this country believe that they are just...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Adopting a Child by Lesbian Couple

Therefore, the social worker’s showing of displeasure was due to the Jacqui and Anne’s plea of intending to foster a child from a diverse culture from theirs (Coghill, 2009). The cultural difference may pose a great challenge to the fostering parents because besides helping the child to embrace that of UK, they will not be able to understand the child’s former traditions. For instance, suppose the child emanates from Africa where the children nurturing is exclusively diverse from the western states (Manchester City Council, 2013). Most African cultures regardless of a one’s sex usually deem the mother has more responsibilities in nurturing the child until the males reach the initiation age where the fathers...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Child Labor

The historical record of child labor statistics shows that child labor was at its peak in the USA in 1910. In 1880 there were 1,118,356 (or 16.5%) children between ten to fifteen years of age who were involved in strenuous physical work. In 1900 their number rose to 1,750, 178 (or 18.2%). In 1910 the number yet again rose to a record height of 1,990,225 or 18.4% (Fuller, 1923). Although the situation has improved a lot still even today America is not free from the evil of child labor. In a prosperous country like the USA, approximately 500,000 children work in the fields every day. These include children as young as five years old who work approximately 70 hours a week to support their families economically (Children in the Fields...
12 Pages(3000 words)Assignment

Is Your Reality for Real

It is hoped that with the insights shared, the readers will come to a realization that all individual though unique and may be constrained by certain factors, is still capable of achieving a reality that will benefit not only him but the world around him as well. It only takes open-mindedness and willingness to teach and to learn in order to create that intended reality. Existing realities need not be questioned nonetheless, for they are the ones that make living more meaningful and challenging.
Reality is not just an illusion or something that exists in the mind of a single or a group of persons. If it had been the case, the misunderstanding would definitely be a constant part of the reality. Part of what makes a man human i...
16 Pages(4000 words)Assignment

How Tomatoes Can Help Your Heart

Whether tomato is a fruit or vegetable? Well, this question can be answered in both ways. Botanically, tomato is a fruit but it is so frequently used as a culinary item all over the world, it is also considered as a vegetable. Long time back, the tomato was considered as fruit and helped the exporters to avoid taxation but 1893 the Supreme Court put an over this dispute by declaring that tomato was a vegetable and since that time onwards, tomatoes were taxed accordingly. Keeping in harmony with this tradition, till date tomatoes are served as entrée and very rarely as dessert. Apart from side dishes, wide array of main course dishes are also prepared from tomatoes and these dishes are regarded considered as lip-smacking cui...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Variety of Child Play Therapy

The need for the procedure had been stressed due to the abundance of children who had experienced trauma or even any form of neglect. The study then includes the victims of abuse, domestic violence and even lack of needed attention while the child is growing up. To be able to lessen such effects in the lives of the children, the said types of therapy are continuously developed (Barnes, p. 40).
There are different ways to be able to help a child. These constitute the provision of emotional care which can answer the needs of the child in different aspects most especially the emotional and behavioural facets. For example, the simple act of making sounds and having eye contact with another person during the period of infancy can...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

Management Project of Happy Tots Child Care Centre

Scope, time and cost are the restrictions that are acting upon the project management progression. This constraint can also be connected with one of the knowledge areas of Project Management (Bass et al. 2003).
Project Management Plan: For effective project management, the basic step that should be taken is to collect the information that is necessary for developing the project plan and then make flowcharts for the plan (Kenneth, 1999).
Project Scope Management: takes account of the processes required to make certain that the project includes all the work required, and only the work required, to complete the project successfully (Bass et al. 2003).
The project is a database project that will involve the development...
7 Pages(1750 words)Lab Report

Launch Your Career in College - Learning Agreement

The student has also assessed his personal weaknesses and the threats that can be caused not only by his weaknesses but also by the outside environment that is outside of his control. Through the self-assessment that has been carried out in the Learning Agreement the student has come up with ways and means on how best to use strengths and combat the threats by reducing his weaknesses or rather playing to his strengths to the extent that he cannot fail.

The self-assessment has been used to further set long term and short term goals and decide on the different resources and support that will be required to meet those goals and objectives. Likewise, there is a commitment on the part of both the student to work to the best...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

Analysis of the Methods of 3 Research Papers about Child Abuse

Research ethics was maintained as the identity of the individuals participating was kept secret. As far as the validity of the study was concerned, the researchers attempted to use content validity in order to get an accurate response. The content validity focused on measuring off the ethnicities and gender percentages within the area and attempting to get a random sample of individuals via the phone. Their approach to random calling allowed for a significant random sample in the study. There were a few issues, however, with this type of approach. Those answering the phone sometimes were not always the desired individual, and not all of the desired people were surveyed. Different replacements did have to be used, and the attempt w...
6 Pages(1500 words)Literature review

International Law: Child Soldiers

Using children to fight wars is not only morally abhorrent but very bad very the physical and mental health of the children in question. That is in part why a series of international laws and treaties have come into effect to try to deal with this scourge. But the issue is more complicated than that. While child soldiers are victims of war crimes, they too can also perpetrate serious breaches of the law of armed conflict. Under normal circumstances, individuals who commit such acts, be they combatants or not,2 would be vulnerable to prosecution. However, because children in such situations are victims as well as perpetrators and because of the special protections afforded to children under international law, many have questioned w...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

The Resource-Based View of the Firm

The RBV has gained the attention of a number of authors and practitioners who undertake the perspective that firms can improve their performance, strengthen their competitiveness (through achieving competitive advantage) and excel in markets or industries by being able to differentiate themselves on the basis of transforming their unique resources into corporate strategy.

The Resource-Based View of the firm, however, as Begermann (2006) indicates, pertains to two fundamental constructs other than the strategic management; the building of competencies and the sustainability of capabilities. However, prior to exploring these constructs, there needs to be a more thorough analysis of the RBV’s main points regarding t...
9 Pages(2250 words)Assignment

Is the Optional Protocol to the Rights of Child an Instrument of Human Rights or an Instrument of Humanitarian Law

The Optional Protocol is an amendment to an earlier Convention, the Convention on the Rights of the Child. This earlier convention states that children younger than 15 may not take a direct part in hostilities and that children younger than 15 may not be drafted into military service. (Convention on the Rights of the Child, pp. 10-11). Therefore, the Optional Protocol essentially amends Article 38 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, raising the age from 15 to 18 on the matters of direct involvement in hostilities and being conscripted into service.

The Optional Protocol and Article 38 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child were necessitated by the fact that children participate in conflicts directly by b...
10 Pages(2500 words)Term Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Homosexual male couple wants to adopt a child. What will Rousseau, Benedict, and Aquinas argue. What is your view Explain for FREE!

Contact Us