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Aviation Legislation - Essay Example

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Members of the board are not directly interested in the operations of commercial or military aviations. The board was for the first time appointed in 1925 by the President and consisted of nine members…
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Aviation Legislation
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Aviation Legislation Aviation Legislation Explain the importance of the Morrow Board. Morrow Board is made of governors who are non-partisan and non-political. Members of the board are not directly interested in the operations of commercial or military aviations. The board was for the first time appointed in 1925 by the President and consisted of nine members. The board is officially referred to as the presidential aircraft board. The significant importance of the board is to make findings that ought to enhance competency in operations of both commercial and military aviations. The board has various established policies with fixed responsibilities that help in maintaining a powerful air force, which is vital for national security. The board also has a responsibility of making sure there is advanced engineering technology in the aviation industry. Moreover, the board is entitled to maintain a peaceful aviation industry that is adequate to cope with all the requirements of war (Lawrence, 2008).
The other significant importance of the Moral Board is making sure that the aircraft manufacturing industry runs and operates in the recommended way. The board manages to enact this obligation by undertaking most of the government policies related to manufacturing and maintenance of aircrafts. The board is also entitled to make sure that there are essential needs and equipments to assist in maintaining security all over the country. The other major obligation of the Morrow Board is to make investigations on various matters that hinder or cause poor performance in the aviation industry especially in both navy and army departments. The board is also entitled to make various recommendations that ought to be considered after weighing various opinions from different stakeholders in the aviation industry (Lawrence, 2008).
2. Explain the significance of the Railway Labor Act to the airline industry.
The American government passed the Railway Labor Act back in 1926 but later made various amendments on the law (Lawrence, 2008). The significance importance of the act in relation to the airline industry is that it deals with various labor related issues. Moreover, the act also deals with various labor issues related to the railroad industries. The act protects the rights of employees in the airline industry. It manages to accomplish this obligation by providing a peaceful environment in disposition of disputes between carriers and their employees. The act also manages to impose a duty on both carriers and employees in order to put reasonable efforts while trying to maintain collective bargaining agreements. The duty helps to settle disputes between the two bodies by providing various resolution procedures. In this case, one of the significant roles of the act is to help in settling disputes among carriers and employees in the airline industry (Lawrence, 2008).
The other established significance of the Railway Labor Act is that it allows employees to have an opportunity of challenging employer’s violation as included in the Act. Employees are entitled to present their woes in the federal court in order to obtain justice as enacted in the Act. The act also manages to promote effective balance in management relations in the airline industry. This means that the Act has the power of identifying various obligations that ought to take place in the airline industry especially when there is disagreement of various stakeholders. The law enacted by the act defines the amount that employees are supposed to get from various services that they offer in the airline industry. Moreover, the Act states various workplaces standards that the airline industry ought to employ for effective working environment (Lawrence, 2008).
3. Describe how the Wright brothers began their study of the science of flight.
Wilbur and Orville Wright, commonly known as Wright brothers were the first people to innovate an aircraft (Lawrence, 2008). The two brothers helped their father in his daily obligations as an editor of a magazine that was known as religious telescope. After some years, they later began to edit a paper of their own, which they named West side News. During this period, the two brothers went into business together as printers. In their business, they managed to produce many kinds of editorial materials that include religious handouts and commercial fliers. By the year 1892, both of them managed to open Wright Cycle Shop in Dayton. Their history indicates that this was an advantage opportunity as they managed to study various mechanical devices of the time. They managed to gain considerable knowledge on how to build machines that helped them in their flight operations. The two brothers having a great interest in gliding experiments, they decided to venture in the theory and state of the art of flying.
Having known some of the basic theories related to aerodynamics, the Wright brothers managed to have a light moment in developing the internal combustion engine. They managed to take time in mastering various related information about flight technology and designed a number of their own models and gliders. They also managed to build their own engine and conducted various thorough investigations. They later managed to make double winged kites and gliders of which they could fly them severally in order to gain more experience. The two brothers also managed to set a camp in Kitty Hawk, which is a small town, located at North Carolina where they carried more investigations and experiments related to aircraft innovation (Lawrence, 2008). This was how the Wright brothers began their journey in the study of science of flight of which they managed to succeed later.
4. Discuss the importance of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics.
One of the main obligations of the committee established in 1915 and later dissolved in 1958 to create the National and Aeronautics and Space Administration was to promote various operations related to aeronautical research (Lawrence, 2008). The committee also had an obligation of enhancing the creation of various institutions that would enable perfect aeronautical research to take place. The other significance importance of the committee was to enable government condition in war-related projects. By so doing, the committee managed to oversee various issues that would create peace in moments of war. The committee was also entitled to help in carrying out various space technology researches that could enable the government have a reliable aviation industry (Lawrence, 2008).
The other significance importance of the committee was to supervise various problems related to flight operations. After identifying the problems, the committee had an obligation of offering direction of what ought to be given the first priority in solving and curbing such future related problems. Moreover, the committee was also entitled to raise the level of European aviation industry. The committee managed to accomplish this obligation by conducting various research and experimentations in aeronautics after which it would access the best practical solution to apply. The other significance importance of the committee was refining and solving various problems during World War II. This helped the organization to form strong ties with the military and managed to strengthen it laboratory operations (Lawrence, 2008).
5. Describe the purpose of the Civil Aeronautics Act of 1938 (McCarran-Lea Act).
The main purpose for the Civil Aeronautics Act of 1938 was to establish a reliable and competent air-transportation system. The transportation system was to enable the American government meet its needs in the domestic and foreign commerce industry. The Act also established various means in which the government could improve Postal services. Moreover, through the establishment of this act, the government was able develop the national defense for the whole country through making of reliable military aviations (Lawrence, 2008).
The other significance purpose of the Act was to provide various regulations covering registration of air travel. Moreover, the regulations had the impact of covering various safety of the air travel. The Act had an obligation of determining the right objectives to apply in all conflicting interests related to air transport. The Act also had the obligation of offering the allocation of various contracts of the American Postal Office. The contracts included carrying of mails through the help of aircrafts (Lawrence, 2008).
6. Describe the purpose of the Lend Lease Act.
The main purpose that contributed to the establishment of the Lend Lease Act was to enable the American government provide some nations with war materials during the World War II. However, when carrying out this obligation, the American government was supposed to stay neutral. This means that it was not supposed to involve in the war directly. The Act gave permission to the American government to lend war materials to Britain in order to deal with countries that seemed to be a threat mainly to the American citizens (Lawrence, 2008).
Most of the British service men who took part in the war trained in America and this contributed to a strong relationship between the two countries. Therefore, the American government managed to do all what it could in order to help Britain not get short of war materials. According to Roosevelt, American President during this period, the main aim of establishing the Act was to enable the government give aid to European countries during the war in exchange for land. His government needed the foreign land to build military bases (Lawrence, 2008).

Reference
Lawrence, H. (2008). Aviation and the role of government. Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall/Hunt Pub. Co. Read More
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