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However the operation is plagued by the lack of qualified and motivated staff members. This paper will seek to study and analyze the LRN.
The Laboratory Response Network was created by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) as a means of responding to biological terrorism. The CDC established the organization with its partners, the Federal Bureau of Investigation and Association of Public Health Laboratories (McGovern, 311). The overall aim was to create an efficient mechanism that would upgrade the American public health infrastructure to respond to bioterrorism. The LRN uses a coordinated effort by government, military, health, and private laboratories to fight against possible bioterrorist threats. It helps to enhance the ability of the country to respond to biological and chemical terrorism.
The Laboratory Response Network operates using a multi-tier organizational structure. Each level helps to create a multilayered security mechanism against potential bioterrorist acts. Sentinel laboratories are the first line of defense since they are concerned with identifying and assessing bioterrorism threat agents. They have the responsibility of treating samples in a safe manner (Roffey & Tegnell, 450). Reference laboratories typically have advanced equipment that is used to test and monitor the presence of specific biological threat agents. Finally national laboratories are present in military and government facilities for the purpose of identifying specialized biological agents (Treadwell & Koo, 92).
The LRN represents a unique effort to fight bioterrorism because it integrates state, federal, military, veterinary, and international laboratories. Adequate funding has supplemented the efforts by providing the necessary equipment, instruments, and supplies to the network of laboratories. However a major shortcoming is the lack of qualified and talented staff (Inglesby, 1735). This was because qualified scientists and researchers
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This results in not only improved response to bioterrorism, but also improved responses to many other infectious diseases and chemical toxins both synthetic and naturally occurring. Since its creation, the LRN has expanded to include state and local, military, and international labs, allowing for standardization and implementation of training and technical programs nation-wide.
The chip will also contain biometric identifiers- fingerprints or iris. Documentation will be screened for detection of counterfeiting at all security patrol points. Illegal infiltrations will be prevented by security at border patrol and suspect vehicles traced.
The author states that in response to this threat, gradually over five decades of work, the international community has developed a common universal legal framework against terrorism. This framework is comprised of the 19 universal legal instruments against terrorism along with the relevant United Nations Security Council Resolutions.
To prevent further damages, physical and psychological, caused by bioterrorism attacks, epidemiologic actions should be implemented. The first and most basic is the focus of this paper, clinical observations.
Bioterrorism has posed infinitive attacks within the past
rism in 2001 including the subsequent release of anthrax spores via the Post Office, the US government quickly passed a series of legislations aimed at curtailing incidences of bioterrorism as well as increased funding to the Health and Human Services. Albeit public health
nce the greatest danger by anthrax lies in its inhalation which is the most lethal, and also the most difficult to detect and treat making it the “preferred portal of entry for biowarfare and bioterrorism” (Trippon, 2002, p.18). As an excellent weapon of mass destruction,
Local communities and law enforcement agencies have appropriate roles to play in a national strategy for protecting the homeland. The security agencies in the US are characterized by lack of adequate coordination of their counter terrorism activities. This is due to
This trend brings bio-terrorism to the attention of different stakeholders around the world. It is important to ensure that adequate, effective, and efficient disaster management plans are in place to address any emerging needs and/or
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