The mainstream medias presentation of social realities within the United States had always been contested by a minority of writers, who have endeavored to offer an alternative point of view. Glenn Loury and Michelle Alexander certainly belong to this latter category…
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This proposition is backed up by statistics pertaining to the judiciary and prison system, which show that there are disproportionately high number of African Americans being incarcerated, convicted and locked up in prisons than any other ethnic/racial group. The drug control policies of the last thirty years have been written in such a way that local police departments get rewarded for the number of arrests they make as opposed to the ability to bring down drug abuse. The funding structure and legislations are also designed toward this end. I personally agree with Michelle Alexanders view that the country is still a long way from emancipating its racial minorities as long as discriminatory legislations continue to exist. Exclusive and one-off events like the election of Barack Obama to the White House does not compensate for a well-entrenched system of racial injustice.
Glenn Lourys article too deals with the same theme, both elaborating and analysing injustices perpetrated by the judiciary and the prison system. Loury perceives systematic racial injustice and discrimination as something beyond War on Drugs and extending to all aspects of American society. He also peruses sociological theories on multi-racial societies in supporting his thesis. I quite agree with Lourys contention that the United States has become a Nation of Jailers, for when compared to other advanced industrial nations, ours ranks lowest in terms of prosecution, conviction and lock-up rates. And the correlation between convicts and their low socio-economic background raises disturbing questions about the validity of the set of principles upon which our nation is founded. Alongside well-documented facts about disproportionate imprisonment of blacks, in recent years Hispanic Americans have also suffered this fate.
As I read through the article, I realized
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This system of reward and punishment when tested over a prolonged time and subjected to thorough screening, emerges into the form of a law that is binding not only upon invidual but also upon whole the society. Never in the human history has any law been made with an ill intention, but equally true is that not all the laws had been as fair as stated.
These people have been termed as the ‘invisible people’ and the problems that alienate them form the society has been termed as an ‘invisible birdcage’. The United States declared an open war against the Blacks living there, wrapped in the disguise of a war against drugs. Huge amount of arms and ammunitions were used and many were jailed.
African Americans were highly indebted and they could only access small loans which were not enough to carry out their economic expansion unlike the white who were able to access large loans as well as government grants.
The litigator has also discussed the issues that people belonging to various races in the country have been going through and the suppression that they face in society. African American men as well as other people belonging to different
Also, the paper will also discuss about Michelle Alexander who has researched the impact from different point of views.
Michelle Alexander is an associate professor at the Ohio State University who gained worldwide recognition because of her first ever
Thereby the assertion made by the author and researcher Michelle Alexander that the mainstream politics and law enforcement agencies have connived with each other to give way to a novel system of racial control seems apt. The irony is that this new
Rhetoric approach enables writers to become more persuasive in his or her appeal to influence readers’ views. Consequently, words and texts become major elements of the discourse that are cleverly used to influence the thought processes of
The Jim Crow laws that were enacted during the 1890s were discriminatory laws that were based on the notion that the African Americans and the White Americans were two different groups within the society of the United States but they needed to be
The author states that the main victims of the system were the people of African-American origin and descent who were sidelined and mistreated. In principle, the law prohibited the African-Americans from enjoying most of the civil liberties that the average and ordinary citizens enjoyed at the point in time.
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