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The biological perspective states that one of the monoamines, may be responsible for aggressive behavior. Specifically, the serotonin in the neural circuits is responsible for modulating aggression in animals, but in human behavior, serotonin activity can cause impulsive behavior and aggression (Weiten, 2001). The biological perspective can be compared to the behavioral perspective because it presents a reason why an individual may exhibit the behavior.
Freud believed that aggressive behavior was normal and it was a way to relieve stress in order to get to catharsis. He defined catharsis as the "release of emotional tension" (Weiten, 2001, p. 539). However, other researchers have noted that aggressive behavior does not relieve stress; instead, it increases this behavior. Carol and Hodges (2006) studied aggressive boys and found that one contributing factor for aggression in boys was the fact that they tended have aggressive friends. Another interesting point that Carol and Hodges found was that when groups of aggressive boys get together, they may become aggressive towards specific victims. In looking at the reports about the Columbine High School shootings, the boys that were being bullied were considered misfits because they were not athletes. This would support the research of Carol and Hodges, especially if these children experienced aggressive behavior in their early adolescence. They suggested that if the relationship between the aggressors and the victims was studied more, there may be interventions that could be found early to stop the behavior before it starts.
The psycho-social perspectives takes into consideration both the biological and behavioral perspectives. Newman and Fox (2009) researched aggression in the American high school and college settings between 2002 and 2008. They studied five factors that may influence whether children became aggressive enough to kill: 1) the shooters perception of themselves as being outside the
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As an example, Reeve (2009) talked about the fact that people had to be engaged in a task in order for them to carry it through. Although I know this about myself, I did not really think about it in terms of everyone being engaged in something. I do see that my kids do better in school when the teacher totally engages them in their learning.
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Most community members lack employment because of poor training, separation, political marginalization, and racial discrimination. All these factors contributed to the poor distribution of resources used to
2 Pages(500 words)Case Study
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