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How Aggressive cartoons effect on children's behavior - Annotated Bibliography Example

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According to the authors of this article, there is a common world-wide belief that violence and is depicted in most of the television programs including cartoons. It has further been alleged that cartons is having a very negative impact on the behavior of children. According to…
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Annotated Bibliography Fran C., Kristen P. Bierwirth, and Allison J. Schwartz. "Does Cartoon Violence Beget Aggressive Blumberg Behavior in Real Life? An Opposing View." Early Childhood Education 36.1 (2008): 101-04. Print.
According to the authors of this article, there is a common world-wide belief that violence and is depicted in most of the television programs including cartoons. It has further been alleged that cartons is having a very negative impact on the behavior of children. According to this article the individuals who consider cartoons as having a negative impact n the behavior of the children have some valid reasons; however the people who are contrary to the opinion as have their reasons. According to article, “Violence can be defined “as any intentional or accidental action that causes physical or psychological harm to oneself, another person animal or at times inanimate object.”
According to the people who are of the opinion that cartoon violence is very similar as most of the time harm is inflicted upon some of the characters. In a research carried out by Kirsch it was established that among both the adults and children long exposure to media violence has contributed to an increase of antisocial behavior. According to the article, a research carried out by The Kaiser Family Foundation in 2006 established that about 68% of all the parents involved in the research reported that they have seen their children imitate some of the behaviors that they have seen on television. About 24% of the imitated behaviors were deemed as violent.
Generally the article is of the view that violence in cartons is meant for comic entertainment and that it does not in any way responsible for the antisocial behavior among the children. The article is of the opinion that cartoons are merely meant to entertain chidren.
Krcmar, Marina, and Anna Hight. "The Development of Aggressive Mental Models in Young Children." Aggressive Models and Children 10.1 (2007): 250-69. Print.
According to the authors of this article, some of the experiments have been undertaken to find out if the violence that children see in cartoons is responsible for triggering some aggressive behavior among the children. According to the article it is still very unclear how children interpret media violence, and even how very early exposure to fantasy violence affects the mental modes of aggression in children. The article takes a deeper look at two related issue in terms of media violence effects on children. The first is exposure of children to violence and the effect it has on children. The second is finding out if the characteristics of violent cartoons affect children mental modes aggression.
According to the article a research carried out was able to establish that children recalled having seen some sort of violence in selected carton stimuli that did not have any violent scenes. In that aspect the research established that children had “mental modes for aggressive narratives,” are established at a very early age. In a research carried out by Huston, Piemyat, Fitch, Wright, and Wroblewski on both second and fifth graders, it was discovered that children depicted that the fictional things done by the characters were “actual activities undertaken by people in those particular jobs.” This was more associated with children who were big fans who believed that at times engaging in violence was for a greater good.
In summary the article is of the opinion that violent programs even in cartoons have very negative impact on the children, it bases its argument upon the research findings that children who watched violence tend to be more aggressive.
Kirsh, Steven J. "Cartoon Violence and Aggression in Youth." Aggression and Violent Behavior 11.1 (2005): 547 – 557. Science Direct. Department of Psychology, SUNY-Geneseo, Genese. Web. 4 Nov. 2014.
The authors of this article tend to discuss some of the challenges and impact caused by violent cartoons on children behavior. According to the article, the level of violence depicted in cartoon T.V shows tend to higher compared to the normal comedy or non-animated T.V programs. The design and character roles in cartoon programs are meant to teach children or youths of certain realities of life though some bits of fiction must be used. In cartoon violence, graphic acts are rarely shown as depicted by the authors of this article. Cartoon programs meant for youthful audience are thoroughly edited to ensure that the information displayed in the program is less harmful to the viewer. This article mainly dwells in violence and gives the history of violence associated disorder in young children. According to the authors, violence has cause aggression and lack of socialism in heavy cartoon watchers. A young child will try imitating the information got from the cartoon video hence change in behavior is experienced.
Gadow, Kenneth D., Joyce Sprafkin, and Thomas J. Ficarrotto. "Effects of Viewing Agression-Laden Cartoons on Preschool Aged Emotionally Disturbed Children." Child Psychiatry And Human Development 17.4 (1987): 257-58. Human Science Press. Web. 4 Nov. 2014.
Gadow, Joyce and Thomas have researched and explored the negativities attached to cartoon violence after taking a series of experiments. According to them, Aggression-laden cartons have negative impact to children especially the kindergarten. This report can be proved from the article when they mentioned the percentage of American children who are emotionally disturbed. The main cause of the emotional disturbance is violence in cartoon programs. This article has also depicted that children cannot distinguish between reality and fantasy in any program that they watch. In this article, there are urge adults or movie editors to be keen in identifying scents unfit for young brains. Some movie program scenes can cause permanent emotional, psychological, or mental disorder to young children. Actually, the entire article dwells on the psychological or emotional disorders attached to aggression-laden cartoons or preschoolers.
Bjorkqvist, Kaj, and Kirsti Lagerspetz. "Childrens Experience of Three Types of Cartoon at Two Age Levels." International Journal of Psychology 20.1 (1985): 77. Business Source Complete. Web. 29 Oct. 2014.
This article discusses how children react to different types of cartoons. It focused on two different age levels, namely 5 to 6 years and 9 years. After watching the different types of cartoons, interview sessions followed that sought to highlight the experiences of the children as well as the type of emotions evoked by the cartoons. After a period of six months, children belonging to the younger group could only remember the cartoons that had contributed to a lot of anxiety in them. Children who liked aggressive cartoons exhibited a low level of moral reasoning and were more excitedabout seeing violent cartoons. They seemed to approve the behavior of the violent characters and gave explanations to justify their violent behavior. Being a primary source, this article is very reliable in helping one explain the effects of aggressive cartoons on children. The author targets an educated audience because of the language and structure used in the paper. This article will be of critical use in my research paper because it exhibits the reality of aggressive cartoons having adverse effects on children.
Ergün, Sibel. "The Influence of Violent TV Cartoons Watched By School Children in Turkey." Acta Paulista De Enfermagem (2012): SciELO. Web. 29 Oct. 2014.
The author of this article adopts an approach that is rarely used by other scholars in a bit to understand the effect of aggressive cartoons in children. The author sought to describe the gender specific impact of aggressive cartoons. Notably, it is evident that boys and girls present different frequencies of watching TV cartoons, and are affected differently by aggressive cartoons. The research focused on 300 students, a representative sample chosen from different schools. Face to face interviews were conducted in an effort to collect data concerning the views of children about the impact of violence oriented cartoons. According to the results, girls and boys had varying prevalence of their favorite cartoon programs. It emerged that male children registered a higher level of influence from violent cartoons compared to girls. Moreover, boys were more likely to imitate characters from violent cartoons. The author’s approach was successful and the source proofs to be highly reliable because it is a primary research article. Since the author adopted a case study research, which focused on children in Turkey, the source can be used to explain the influence of TV cartoons in the region. In the research paper, these findings can be compared to other studies in different regions.
Gülay, Hülya. "The Evaluation of the Relationship betweenthe Tv-Viewing Habits and Peer Relations of Preschool Children." International Journal of Academic Research 3.2 (2011): 922-930. Academic Search Complete. Web. 29 Oct. 2014.
This article sought to highlight the effects of TV-viewing habits on the peer relationships with children. Theauthor sought to assess whether TV viewingpatterns affected the capacity of children to develop peer relationships. It focused on a sample of 126 children as well as their mothers and fathers. The study revealed that TV viewing was becoming a major determinant of the social behavior exhibited by children, their aggression levels, fear-anxiety, victimization, a social behavior, and exclusion. More specifically, the article highlights that children who watched television in the presence of their siblings and friends exhibited a higher number of friends. Children who had the habit of watching TV in the presence of their parents exhibited advanced prosocial levels. The study also reveals that leaving children to watch television alone increased their chances of exhibiting aggression and antisocial behavior. The findings in this research are of significant contribution because they can inform the argument on the potential effects of adverse cartoons and TV viewing habits of children. The author adopts an authoritative tone because the article is addressed to scholars. The article is important in presenting the background information for a research paper because it offers general views on the effects of TV viewing habits of children.
Hapkiewicz, Walter G., and Aubrey H. Roden. "The Effect of Aggressive Cartoons on Childrens Interpersonal Play." Child Development 42.5 (1971): 1583. Publisher Provided Full Text Searching File. Web. 29 Oct. 2014.
The authors of this article sought to present their findings on the effects of aggressive cartoons on the capacity of children to engage in interpersonal play. This article is one of the oldest sources that sought to assess the adverse effects of aggressive cartoons on children. The study considered the behavior of three groups of children, which consisted of a group exposed to an aggressive cartoon, a second group that watched a non-aggressive cartoon, and the third group that did not watch any cartoon. Findings from this study indicated that there was a lack of any significant difference of the level of aggression in the three groups. However, the study revealed that boys were more likely to exhibit violent behavior compared to girls. The findings in this research are of critical significance because they present one of the earliest studies on the effects of aggressive cartoons on the behavior of children. The purpose of the research was to understand the potential influence of violent cartoons on the development of children. Therefore, this source will be of use in my research paper as one of the earliest researches concerning this subject.
Work Cited
Bjorkqvist, Kaj, and Kirsti Lagerspetz. "Childrens Experience of Three Types of Cartoon at Two Age Levels." International Journal of Psychology 20.1 (1985): 77. Business Source Complete. Web. 29 Oct. 2014.
Blumberg, Fran C., Kristen P. Bierwirth, and Allison J. Schwartz. "Does Cartoon Violence Beget Aggressive Behavior in Real Life? An Opposing View." Early Childhood Education 36.1 (2008): 101-04. Print.
Ergün, Sibel. "The Influence of Violent TV Cartoons Watched By School Children in Turkey." Acta Paulista De Enfermagem (2012): SciELO. Web. 29 Oct. 2014.
Gadow, Kenneth D., Joyce Sprafkin, and Thomas J. Ficarrotto. "Effects of Viewing Agression-Laden Cartoons on Preschool Aged Emotionally Disturbed Children." Child Psychiatry And Human Development 17.4 (1987): 257-58. Human Science Press. Web. 4 Nov. 2014.
Gülay, Hülya. "The Evaluation of the Relationship between the Tv-Viewing Habits and Peer Relations of Preschool Children." International Journal of Academic Research 3.2 (2011): 922-930. Academic Search Complete. Web. 29 Oct. 2014.
Hapkiewicz, Walter G., and Aubrey H. Roden. "The Effect of Aggressive Cartoons on Childrens Interpersonal Play." Child Development 42.5 (1971): 1583. Publisher Provided Full Text Searching File. Web. 29 Oct. 2014.
Kirsh, Steven J. "Cartoon Violence and Aggression in Youth." Aggression and Violent Behavior 11.1 (2005): 547 – 557. Science Direct. Department of Psychology, SUNY-Geneseo, Genese. Web. 4 Nov. 2014.
Krcmar, Marina, and Anna Hight. "The Development of Aggressive Mental Models in Young Children." Aggressive Models and Children 10.1 (2007): 250-69. Print. Read More
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