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In ‘The Place of Nonhumans in Environmental Issues’ Peter Singer makes such a moral interpretation, in arguing for the importance of considering nonhumans in ethical decision making. In examining Peter Singer’s argument in ‘The Place of Nonhumans in Environmental Issues,’ this essay considers both Singer’s greatest intellectual strengths and greatest intellectual weaknesses.
If one makes a brief perusal of some of Peter Singer’s writings on ethical constructs, such as ‘Foreign Aid and the Moral Value of Freedom’, one notices that one of Singer’s predominant strengths as a writer is his ability to distill complex ideas into easily understandable prose. Indeed, in ‘The Place of Nonhumans in Environmental Issues’ this strength is also witnessed as Singer makes great effort to clearly define the topic of his discussion and the various points of his argument. For instance, he identifies the extent of the subject being examined – the nonhumans – by stating, “it is with nonhuman animals, rather than plants, that I am chiefly concerned” (Singer, pg. 558). He also further elaborates his argument in this regard by noting that while animals are often regard as a collective entity, in his argument they will be considered along individual criteria. Singer also clearly states the central issue of his investigation and doesn’t engage in elaborate circumlocution in advancing the argument’s central concerns; he states, “The general question, then, is how the effects of our actions on the environment of nonhuman beings should figure in our deliberations about what we ought to do” (Singer, pg. 558). Singer is also clear and direct in qualifying that the nonhuman animals he is considering must have interests that distinguish them from entities such as rocks or even plants and trees that while living entities, most people will agree lack any sort of conscious interest or developed sense of pain. One
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According to the task, these ethics can be explained in many different theories of ethics that include virtue ethics, rationality, utilitarianism, communitarianism, social ethics and normative ethics. Hence, international business ethics and corporate governance can be explained in various ways (Casson 95).
Business ethics are rules as well as standards which an organization is required to follow while performing its activities or operations. It mainly consists of moral standards which vary among organizations and it also helps in determining the right and the wrong decisions.
For example, according to the limited knowledge of the researcher, Magna Carta of 1215 was the first legal reference for ethics in UK (Holme, 2008). However, magnitude of importance for ethical perspective of business operation has been increased manifold in recent years after the financial scams by corporate such as Enron, Lehman Brothers, Worldcom, Nortel and many others came to the light.
Business ethics theories are often adopted by organisations seeking to curb practices that are deemed as corrupt. They usually have moral principles that organisations can implement to make sure that all the workers operating in the company conform to accepted codes of behaviour
Examples of ethical issues concerning three different issues have been explained along with their alleged law suits that have flagged these issues in the United States.
Business ethics are the moral eternal, abstract, and the
To some, the suggestion that an orderly and analytical process of decision making, not only on a personal level – but more so in business, should include the discussion of highly controversial ethical issues, about which
The other group of business people takes it as avoiding activities that portray bad image of the company. If the above are not considered as business ethics the business institutions may suffer loss or may earn the business bad reputation.Business people believe that if good business ethics are adhered to then the business will experience an upward trend with a lot of profit.
A similarity between ethics in the United States and ethics in Asia is that they address a variety of similar factors such as pollution, corruption, fraud and contracts among others. Although approaches to dealing with
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