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There is no other life experience matching the birth of a baby in importance and significance. It is usually a devastating experience when couples wishing to start a family realize that they have to contend with fertility problems. For many such couples, in vitro fertilization has been a preferred solution as it gives them hopes of having their own child (Anderson, Haimovici, Ginsburg, Schust &Wayne, 2007). The first in vitro procedure that was successful was carried out in 1977 and thousands of happy and healthy children have been born each year since then.
Infertility is a couples’ inability to have a kid or become pregnant with regardless of the cause after the duration of one year of having unprotected sex using no birth control methods. Infertility affects about six million people in the United States of America which accumulates to about ten percent of men and women of reproductive age. New and advanced technologies that help women become pregnant are in vitro fertilization (IVF), gamete intrafallopian transfer, zygote intrafallopian transfer, subzonal sperm injection, partial zona dissection, embryo cryopreservation and intracytoplasmic sperm injection among others.
Assisted reproductive technology is generally accepted treatment for infertile women suffering from endometriosis. Presence of an ovarian endometrial cyst works towards the reduction of the quality of oocytes. The surgical resection of endometrioma reduces the ovarian reserve for ovarian stimulation by exogenous gonadotropins.
In vitro fertilization is a process whereby the ova is removed from a woman’s body, fertilized in the laboratory with her partner’s sperm and returned to her uterus with hopes of fostering pregnancy. Some practitioners use in vitro fertility combined with pre implantation genetic diagnosis as a treatment for recurring
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Despite all of the advances of medical science we have not yet managed to replicate the womb. That is why even today, surrogate motherhood has to be resorted to if some couples hope to have a child of their own. The processes of fertilization, conception, pregnancy and delivery are fraught with complications.
In the same vein, I believe that the decision of the Authority is unethical because it is against the basic ethical principles of medicine, that of beneficence, non-maleficence, and justice. The beneficence principle is based on the act of doing what is best and what would benefit the patient (Dane and Finkbeiner, 2007).
Stem cell research seeks to develop stem cells to regenerate cells for nonfunctional organs and tissues. Research in stem cell has begun long time ago but has gained popularity recently due to increased scrutiny from the public especially religious organizations.
They make use of term such as embryonic bodies, cluster of stem cells, and blob of tissue whenever they are discussing the controversial issue of embryonic stem cell research. However, use of decent terms to refer to the practice of destroying human embryos does not make the research virtuous.
Moreover, this is well-illustrated by the plight of parents seeking to use such methods so as to give birth to a child that will help save the life of an existing, ill sibling.'
July 25, 1978 marks an important turning point in the field of medical science and ushers in new hope for scores of married couples and would-be parents having difficulties conceiving.
The first cases of its success were found in frogs and this prompted for more researches in higher animals. In 1996 a success in cloning sheep was attained when "Dolly the sheep" was successfully cloned. This sparked emphatic research in man.
The technology had its significant appraisal where its contribution to alleviating human suffering has had positive role to play.
Primary infertility refers to a situation where a couple has not been in a position to conceive even after having a long period of unprotected sex (Vorvick). Secondary infertility on the other hand refers to a
Most societal values appear to be at risk of being phased out by scientific processes, thus objection by most people in the society. The idea of step up evolution has always been a centre of focus, with scientist advocating for the creation of
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