StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Infertility and Treatment - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Infertility is the biological inability of a man or a woman to contribute to conception. In general, it is estimated that 10-15% of couples fails to conceive within 1-2 years of trying and is termed as clinical subfertility. There are many biological causes of infertility…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.6% of users find it useful
Infertility and Treatment
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Infertility and Treatment"

Download file to see previous pages Further it is also estimated that about 40% of infertility cases are due to some disorder in male partner, 40% involve a female factor, and the remainder involves both sexes.
In women, problems can arise with either or both of gametogenesis and fertilization. As a result of these factors it can reduce or abolish the chances of pregnancy. Statistics suggest that ovulation failure either due to absent or infrequent menstrual cycles accounts for 20% of reported cases of difficulty in conception. Other problems that prevent conception in women include blockage of fallopian tubes, polycystic ovarian syndrome, hypothalamic dysfunction, luteal dysfunction, premature menopause, etc.
Blockage of fallopian tubes: Female infertility due to blocked fallopian tubes can be detected by a simple technique called the hysterosalpingography. In this process a radio-opaque dye (methylene blue) is infused into the uterus. If the leakage of dye into the abdominal cavity is noticed through the X-ray diagnosis, then it indicates open tubes, where as if the dye is remaining in the uterus and does not indicate any spillage into the abdominal cavity indicates blocked tubes. Blocked fallopian tubes can result from scarring and adhesions due to infections such as chlamydia and gonorrhea that cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). In general, simple surgery can clear blockages in the fallopian tube. However, if the procedure is not successful, then in vitro fertilization is recommended procedure. IVF is a procedure in which oocytes are harvested from the ovaries and fertilized by spermatozoa in a dish containing a sterile nutrient solution. It is also possible that tubes get damaged due to previous ectopic pregnancies. Even in such cases IVF is an option.
Disorders of ovulation: Ovulation disorders include amenorrhea, lack of menstrual cycles, and oligomenorrhea, infrequent cycles. Two types of medication are used in case of ovulation disorders. Clomiphene citrate which is an anti-oestrogenic drug that stimulates the anterior pituitary to release FSH is the first set of treatment. If clomiphene treatment does not work, injections of FSH are given. These drugs are administered to stimulate ovulation and help in achieving pregnancy.
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS): It is the most common cause of ovulation failure in women today. The ovaries typically contain numerous small immature follicles. PCOS can be easily detected through blood tests which measure hormone levels. It is more common in women under 30 years old and is due to an abnormal production of LH and FSH. The basic imbalance of these hormones in the women's body prevents the ovaries from releasing an egg each month. It also results in an abnormally high production of the male hormone testosterone by the ovaries. As a result of this there is increase of facial hairs. A combination of weight losing exercises and hormone treatments can help the patients with PCOS to conceive.
Premature menopause: Menopause is a natural phenomenon occurring in women after a certain age. Premature excessive loss of oocytes results in premature menopause in approximately 2% of teenagers and women in their early 20s. In such cases, infertility can be overcome by IVF using donated eggs. Additionally the infertile recipient of the embryos takes oestrogen and progesterone to prepare her uterus for implantation of the embryo. Medical sciences has ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Infertility and Treatment Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
Infertility and Treatment Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1522850-infertility-and-treatment
(Infertility and Treatment Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
Infertility and Treatment Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1522850-infertility-and-treatment.
“Infertility and Treatment Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1522850-infertility-and-treatment.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Infertility and Treatment

Acupuncture in Treating Infertility

...?Acupuncture in Treating Infertility Purpose In vitro-fertilization (IVF) treatments cost thousands of dollars, and even then, their rate of success may be low. Several IVF treatments may be needed in order to ensure a successful pregnancy. For which reason, various methods have been suggested in order to assist in making these treatments successful. One of these methods is acupuncture. Limited studies however have been carried out on this subject matter. This paper shall therefore review literature on acupuncture and whether it is effective in assisting facilitate pregnancy for women undergoing in vitro-fertilization. This paper will also consider whether it is favorable to suggest acupuncture before IVF, especially among patients...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

Treatment

...?PSYCHOLOGY TREATMENT PLAN This paper reviews a treatment plan for a thirty five year old patient exhibiting symptoms of hopelessness, reduced energy, hypersomnia and feelings of worthlessness. Moreover, the patient runs the risk of committing suicides. These symptoms indicate that the patient is suffering from depression. Suicide attempts are at a high rate in relation to the general world populace. With the behaviors becoming complex issues, there are a number of preventive measures that can be utilized. There has been minimum research in the field to offer effective preventive measures, and thus it remains a problem in determining the best approach relevant to these scenarios. Consequently, there are a number of evidence-based practices...
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper

Infertility and Public Health

...Infertility and Public Health According to Gurevich (2008, pg Finding support when dealing with infertility is essential, and friends and family can lend some of that support. They may not give perfect support, but some is better than none. So, the question isn't so much should you tell friends and family members, but exactly which individuals you should open up to. Considering the pros and cons of telling particular people can help you make the best choice. You want to tell those people who you know will support you, not make you feel worse." There are several benefits that a couple can have when they choose to tell their friends and family about their infertility problems. First of all, family members are less likely to ask...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Describe the abnormalities of reproductive anatomy that are encountered in infertility and how these may affect treatment outcome

... It is known that about 15% of married couples are infertile and can't have children. About 60% of infertility causes are connected with inadequate ovulation, cervical factors and/or blocked fallopian tubes. About 42% of infertility is connected with male problems such as bad sperm functioning, abnormal structure of sperm and inadequate sperm counts. But there are more serious reproductive abnormalities which can lead to infertility and than to long period of treatment. Unfortunately the IVF success is not very high, because many of reproductive problems significantly decrease the chances to have the child. It is rather difficult to absolutely recover from serious abnormalities whereas some abnormalities are inherited and/or incurable...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Infertility

.... Conception and pregnancy are complicated processes involving many biologic factors and phases. If becoming pregnant is beginning to become an issue, the woman's gynecologist, the man's urologist or a family doctor can determine whether or not there is a problem that requires a specialist or clinic that treats several infertility problems. This is the first step to possibly becoming pregnant and diagnosing the problem. Some infertile couples have more than one cause of their infertility. Thus, an investigation begins to determine the problem and the possible treatments for the diagnosis. Nearly 90% of infertility cases are treatable with medical therapies such as drug treatment, surgical repair of reproductive organs and assisted...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

The Psychological Impact of Infertility in Women

...Topic: Nursing Shortage in America The research paper tries to examine the psychological impact of infertility on women. The article will examine three research articles done separately. These include the summary of research on pregnancy loss and infertility trauma among mothers and involuntary childless women in United States, research on the impact of infertility diagnosis on psychological status of women undergoing fertility treatment, research on infertility and the role of psychotherapy. Lastly, the article will discuss the findings, limitations and the proposed are of study. Introduction The research article reports on the psychological impacts of infertility on women. Infertile women have over the years suffered grief, anxiety...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Infertility

... (initials) Topic: Infertility Articles First citation (Mascarenhas, et al., Subsequent citation (Mascarenhas, et al., 2013) Reference Mascarenhas, M. N., Flaxman, S. R., Boerma, T., Vanderpoel, S., Mathers, C. D., & Stevens, G. A. (2013). Trends in primary and secondary infertility prevalence since 1990: a systematic analysis of demographic and reproductive health surveys. The Lancet, S90. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(13)61344-6 First Citation (OFlynn OBrien, Varghese, & Agarwal, 2010) Subsequent citation (OFlynn OBrien, et al., 2010) Reference OFlynn OBrien, K. L., Varghese, A. C., & Agarwal, A. (2010). (2010). The genetic causes of male factor infertility: a review. Fertility and sterility, 93(1), 1-12. Retrieved from http...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Women infertility

... year, while having sex without protection. Infertility remains a problem for many women and sometimes men too suffer problems of infertility. This paper highlights some of the pathogenesis, common symptoms and current conventional treatment. It further addresses the issue of nutritional protocol to include diet and supplements, not only for healing the disorder, but also for prevention. Explain why the diet and supplements suggest are appropriate for this particular illness. Symptoms of Female Infertility There are few symptoms and present controversies surrounding female infertility: a) In capability of becoming pregnant. b) The controversies surrounding the infertility problem is associated with a range of emotional problems facing...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Autoimmune Diseases and the Importance of Their Treatment in the Modern Society

The research should be considered as the basis (from a theory and practice perspective) of immunology as it is known today. During the years that followed the above studies, immunology was developed furthermore and many theories were stated while the methods of treatment were differentiated in order to respond to the changing living standards and styles of life. The main reason for the choice of the particular topic has been its importance for patients that suffer from one of the types of the particular disease. In fact, a study published in the Environmental Health Perspective (2003, 483) proved that “autoimmune diseases are chronic, potentially life-threatening conditions; there are more than 80 recognized autoimmune disea...
10 Pages(2500 words)Case Study

Classification of Leukemias and Diagnosis Treatment of Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia

The incidence of leukemias is about 10 per 100 000 per annum in all types of population. 50% of them are acute leukemias. ALL occurs at an annual rate of approximately 30 to 40 per million. There are approximately 2,400 children and adolescents younger than 20 years diagnosed with ALL each year in the United States (“Leukemia”, US NIHS). The male: female ratio is about 3:2 in acute leukemia, 2:1 in CLL and 1.3:1 in CML. CLL is rare in Chinese and related races. Though acute leukemias occur at all ages, they are lowest amongst the young and highest after 50 years of age. ALL is more incident in young children between 1-5 years. CLL and CML are mainly diseases of middle age and beyond. CML occurs between 30 and 80 years...
11 Pages(2750 words)Term Paper

The Diagnosis and Treatment of Disease Outline: The Roles of the Imaging and Treatment Modalities

Dramatic developments in the field of science and technology have provided newer and enhanced diagnostic tools to make arrive at a more precise diagnosis on one side and on the other side given new meaning to the traditional treatment modalities, as well as creating new treatment modalities. 

Peering inside the human body for a better understanding of any abnormalities within that are the cause for illness in a patient had remained an unrealized need until the advent of the x-ray imaging technique. Since then advances in the x-ray imaging techniques have led to new imaging modalities to remove the inadequacies that were experienced through the use of mere x-rays. Fluoroscopy is one such development in imaging modal...
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper

Counseling and Methadone in Treatment of Substance Abuse

...Counseling and Methadone in Treatment of Substance Abuse 2008 Counseling and Methadone in Treatment of Substance Abuse Introduction Substance abuseis currently one of the most challenging and disturbing health issues in the US. Almost 100 thousand of US citizens die annually as a result of illicit drug and alcohol abuse, and approximately 12 thousand more die of AIDS, which is strongly related to substance abuse. An estimated 14 million people in the US either have been diagnosed with or currently continue to abuse alcohol, drugs and other illicit substances (Austin, 2005). The almost epidemic situation with substance abuse and dependency has negative health consequences and impressive economic costs. Substance abuse, including tobacco...
10 Pages(2500 words)Term Paper

Community Assessment for Treatment and Prevention of Hepatitis C in Adult Population

With the increased awareness and advancement in research, involving human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic, clinical expertise exists for the prevention and management of chronic viral diseases like HCV among injection drug users, since the mode of infection and behavior of vulnerable population for both HIV and HCV contagion are identical. Since the transmission of HCV is similar to HIV and IDU is the primary risk factor for HCV infection, and coinfection of these two blood-borne diseases cause morbidity and mortality, harm reduction approach and the strategies that address the social and economic harms that impact an individual, community, or society are paramount in preventing the epidemic.

Hepatitis C is the ma...
11 Pages(2750 words)Term Paper

Ryanairs Staff Treatment and Motivation Problems

To prove that not all of the public accusations against the way Ryanair handles its employees is true; a combination of qualitative and quantitative research methods will be utilized using research survey questionnaires. Aiming to strengthen the research survey results, an interview with Ryanair’s human resource assistant manager, customer service supervisor, duty manager, and duty controller was conducted to enable the researcher to gain a better insight with regards to employees’ views on labor unions and the type of motivational strategies used by the company.
Ryanair is an Irish low-cost airline with its head office in Dublin and its main operational base at London Stansted Airport. It is Europes major low-cos...
43 Pages(10750 words)Dissertation

Treatment of Congenital Deformities of the Talip

Clubfoot is rarely detected in ultrasonography before the 16th week of gestation. Four types of talipes have been identified. The most common one being talipes equine varus, commonly known as clubfoot. In this condition, the foot points down and twists inwards at the ankle joint. The other three forms of talipes are less common and are known as talipes equanovalgus in which the footpoints out and down, talipes calcanovarus in which the foot points inwards and up, and talipes calcanovalgus in which the foot points inwards and down.

Talipes is a complicated condition and its management depends on the degree of rigidity, associated abnormalities and secondary muscular changes (Morcuende et al 2006) In the UK, prior to 2001...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

Depression in Children: Prevention and Treatment

Various theories have been put forward for the development of depression. It is important to understand the causes of depression in children so that proper intervention can be provided in proper time and in an appropriate manner.
According to the Cognitive Theory of Depression, negative thinking alters the perceptions, interpretations, and memory of the personal world and leads to the development of depressive symptoms. The Parent-Child Model for Socialization theory proposes that intrusive support from the parents to those children who are constantly involved in the negative self-evaluative process causes depression The Tripartite Model of Depression and Anxiety theorizes that depression is characterized by the low positive...
6 Pages(1500 words)Literature review

Infertility and Public Health

In determining the need for a workshop, it also had to be determined who had this need and who were the best people to instruct in such a workshop. There are many people that touch the lives of these patients. Those include physicians, nurses, and office staff as well as hospital personnel. The people who are most likely able to deal with the problems are physicians, and Nurse Midwives. These are the people who have achieved the best acceptance and are most likely able to participate in the education side of the workshop. The Nurse Midwife is an important piece of this care. This position has to do with more than just delivering babies but is involved in the overall health of the women and the eventual children involved (NARM.org)...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

The Advances in Infertility Treatment in the Last 20 Years

..., offspring welfare issues of experimental nature, and time limits for preservation. However, the two methods discussed above, oocyte and embryo preservation are commonly used, especially with people who want to preserve their progeny. The current development in treatment of infertility can be improved in the future through the use of different methods (Kovacs, 2002). The first method to be discussed is the generation of artificial gametes from stem cells (Nagy, 2005). This area of specialization is still relatively new, with studies being done to determine its viability (Kovacs, 2002). The potential effects of this type of research have tremendous impacts on the treatment of infertility, since it would be possible to achieve fertility...
14 Pages(3500 words)Research Paper

Various Treatment of Young People in the Criminal Justice System

The ways in which the treatment of young offenders is differentiated from that of adult offenders are also presented using appropriate literature; particular reference is made to the role of Young Offender Institutions (YOI). It is proved that the current criminal justice for young offenders in the UK is not effective, despite the measures taken by the government for securing the rehabilitation of these individuals. On the other hand, the full alignment of the treatment of young offenders with that of the adult offenders, as this practice is in progress in the UK, will not resolve the problems related to the rehabilitation of young offenders. The alteration of the rules of the existing criminal justice system without eliminating t...
7 Pages(1750 words)Coursework

Bovine Tuberculosis, Anthelmintic Treatment, Worms and their Effect on the Immune Response to other Pathogens

If a dairy farmer suspects that there are positive TB infection cases in his or her herd, they can conduct a Single intra-dermal Comparative Cervical Tuberculin (SICCT) test to diagnose suspected cases. The SICCT test measures a delayed mode hypersensitivity response to the tuberculin antigen, Purified Protein Derivative (PPD) and is dependent on functional antigen-specific. However, use of SICCT test does not produce confidence levels required to ascertain the success of the tests. The diagnostic sensitivity of the SICCT test is estimated to be between 52-100% with a median value of 80% using the standard interpretation of the test. Factors attributed to the inaccuracy, and the poor sensitivity of the test include among many; the...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Infertility and Treatment for FREE!

Contact Us