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The Advances in Infertility Treatment in the Last 20 Years - Research Paper Example

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This paper "The Advances in Infertility Treatment in the Last 20 Years" will discuss the two main methods of oocyte and embryo cryopreservation; slow freezing, and vitrification. The expected advances in the field of fertility preservation will as lobe discussed.  …
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The Advances in Infertility Treatment in the Last 20 Years
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Download file to see previous pages Despite the success rates of these methods in treating cancer, the chemical agents and the radiation to which the patients are exposed to often lead to ovarian failure, which leads to infertility. With this increased risk of infertility due to cancer, the option of preserving fertility is increasingly becoming popular. The other reason for preserving fertility is due to social reasons, for example, some patients prefer to delay motherhood. With the reasons stated above, the medical world has been necessitated to develop some means of preserving fertility.
The preservation of female genetics has seen tremendous advancement over the past two decades since the practice has been around since as early as 1985. This progress has been mainly due to research was done on humans, cows, and mice, and has resulted in two main methods (Eggan et al, 2006). The use of cryopreservation has seen numerous advances from the previous techniques that did not guarantee success, to the current methods being used. This paper will discuss the two main methods of oocyte and embryo cryopreservation; slow freezing, and vitrification. The first method, slow freezing, has been around for many years, and vitrification is a relatively new technique. Vitrification is divided into embryo and oocyte vitrification, both of which will be discussed in this section. The expected advances in the field of fertility preservation will as lobe discussed.
To counter the effects of cancer treatment methods, embryo cryopreservation is one of the methods of preserving fertility among affected females (Gajda and Smorag, 2009). However, chemotherapy of cancer patients is usually initiated immediately after diagnosis of cancer, and since oocyte harvesting usually takes a long time, embryo freezing is affected.  ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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