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Criminal justice - Assignment Example

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Without any doubts, any society can survive with violence and brutality but no society can survive without justice. In fact, history proves the fact that the kingdoms, which reached their zenith, had…
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Criminal justice
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Running Head: Criminal Justice Criminal Justice [Institute’s Criminal Justice Introduction Accountability and justice is something, which is essential for every society. Without any doubts, any society can survive with violence and brutality but no society can survive without justice. In fact, history proves the fact that the kingdoms, which reached their zenith, had independent, strong, unbiased, and efficient justice system that was open to all. Criminal justice systems hold the same significance in today’s world and for a country such as United States that is a superpower effectiveness of this system at all times and at all levels becomes even more important (Pound, 1997). This paper focuses on the shortcomings of the present criminal justice system of United States and presents some recommendations simultaneously.
Discussion
The United States criminal justice system has been a matter of concern for many legal experts due to the issue of ethnic and racial biasness. Racial discrimination and suppression of African Americans is no new happening in United States. In fact, United States has been in focus due to the same. Unfortunately, the criminal justice system still has the germs of this discrimination. Despite the fact, that African Americans just form a small minority in the country their chances of imprisonment are eight times higher than White Americans. Moreover, chances of imprisonment of Asian Americans are three times higher than White Americans. Official reports reveal that during a two year time period in Maryland, more than 70 percent cars stopped for searching were of Black people. Moreover, police did not find anything at all in 90 percent of those searches (Cole & Smith, 2007).
Moreover, many states officials accept that for investigation and arrests, their first targets are always blacks and other ethnic minorities. Not only this discrimination is on the ground level but also at the higher levels of system since these minorities have a higher chance of getting higher fines and punishments for minor crimes. Since majority of the officials in this present system have germs of discrimination, an independent review committee can solve the problem to some extent. That committee would have legal experts from all minorities and would listen to review petition of individuals who think that they were discriminated on basis of race. Even if this system would not be able to provide 100 percent accuracy and non-biasness but still it would, give a hope and message to the minorities of the United States that the government wants to ensure a legal and fair trail system (Cook, 2001).
The primary method of punishment in the United States system has been confinement and imprisonment. However, this is seriously questionable. The theory of confinement asks the law enforcement agencies to isolate criminals from the society and put them in their own world. Moreover, feeding them becomes a responsibility of the state and obviously, the state does it with public taxes. However, at many occasions, people who commit non-serious and small crimes end up going to the same criminal prison, which actually helps them to become a serious criminal under the guidance of professional imprisoned criminals (Free, 1996). Despite the fact that the legal system already is doing this but still it needs to ensure more community services or small fines.
Moreover, the system also needs to avoid treating juveniles as adults while punishing them. Pregnant women and women with young children also deserve leniency in punishments because their punishments would result in increase burden on foster care system and children from foster care are not always the best in terms of physical and mental health. In fact, foster care children are most likely to end up in jails as compared to other children of their age.

References
Cole, George F., & Smith, Christopher E. (2007). Criminal Justice in America. Cengage Learning.
Cook, John Raymond. (2001). Asphalt justice: a critique of the criminal justice system in America. Praeger.
Free, Marvin D. (1996). African Americans and the criminal justice system. Taylor & Francis.
Pound, Roscoe. (1997). Criminal justice in America. Transaction Publishers. Read More
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