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What are the main differences between classical(or historical) realism and structural realism in the theory of International Relations Why are those differences relevant to the study of global politics - Essay Example

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Since 5th century; realism has been often used for predicting as well as understanding international relations. Two famous texts which described structural realism and classical realism elaborately were Waltzs…
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What are the main differences between classical(or historical) realism and structural realism in the theory of International Relations Why are those differences relevant to the study of global politics
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Extract of sample "What are the main differences between classical(or historical) realism and structural realism in the theory of International Relations Why are those differences relevant to the study of global politics"

Download file to see previous pages Philosophers and thinkers such as Robert Gilpin and Kenneth Waltz have realized the shortcomings of Classical Realism in studying modern international relations. And thus a Neorealist Movement has been initiated to better evaluate and predict future international relations in the present context. Michael Charles Williams (2005, p.13) states ‘The first, and briefest, is simply to note that despite their declaration of fundamental divide between ‘classical’ and ‘neo’ realism, these thinkers (including Waltz) continue to claim the realist tradition as their own with remarkable consistency.’ There are a number of differences between views of structural realists and views of classical realists, although the aspects where both of them have similar opinions include the belief that nation-states are the most important actors in global politics; nation-states are basically rational; the interaction in the states is characterized by an anarchy and most importantly, the pursuit of power affects the behavior of the nation-states.
It was the Greek political scientist Thucydides who can be considered as the father of Classical Realism. The history of the Peloponnesian War which was written by Thucydides was probably the first example which showcased realist thought. A few of the basic tenets which were established by him included the beliefs that the state is the main actor in a war; the state is the entity which is solely responsible for its own security, progression and safety. However in the modern circumstance, it has been proved that the states do not subscribe to the idea of communal preservation as it did during the times of the Greeks. With the increase of cooperation and travel among countries, organizations which were more informal gradually developed. Hence it was more and more important for states to act in cooperation with other states, which can usually benefit both the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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