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An example would be an African woman would not seek counseling from a Caucasian American. A middle class American woman would not understand the horrors of Rwanda. Multicultural and gender are usually the basis for counselor’s choice.
Another counseling issue is the generalization of gender or race. Women are not all the same, but often grouped together despite the different roles of women in diverse races (Pope-Davis 2001:10). The problems addressed by a Latina woman, will not be the same for an African American woman. The generalizations of races create a stereotype that does not reflect the individual.
The final similarity is the way a defined culture or gender’s place in society. After 9/11 Muslim women were ridiculed for wearing a head covering. African American women are perceived as the head of the households (Grant 1998:197). This classifying of individuals is similar in counseling. Counselors are humans. If an apparent Muslim came to a counselor, or needed the services of a counselor, the counselor would paint the Muslim into a terrorist box. Despite training to be impartial, counselors can judge individuals by race or gender. This is another reason individuals tend to want counselors that are the same race or gender. Counseling issues concerning race and gender are very
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The people who are involved in the issue surround the multicultural education comprise of the community elders who have built up the local educational facility, the inmates who are in charge of the school infrastructure, proper planning, and teaching regimes, and a number of other factors.
Some believe it was the addition of materials to the school curriculum to include the less represented groups. Others talk of it as a transformation that aimed at addressing the oppressive foundations of the world and how education has served to maintain equality among all groups (James, 2002).
There are several issues which are identified to impose strong affects on the modern day education system, among which, cultural diversity within the class room tends to attract immense significance. In this regard, lack of adequate teaching materials, deficient quality prospects of practiced school programs as well as lack of funds can be noted as the primary setbacks in offering effective education to a diverse group of students, which further gives rise to various local issues in this context.
Today, the world is becoming a multiethnic, multiracial and a multilingual society and issue of stereotyping is inevitable. Therefore, there is a need for counseling to address issues of race, ethnicity and cultural differences that are facing our society.
Without understanding the multicultural perspective of clients, counselors remain incompetent in their services. This paper is a review of multicultural counseling. It will discuss multicultural counseling issues and will review the extent to which diversity is involved in counseling.
For generations women have been facing great challenges based on gender roles established by society. The researcher focuses on the women, that have faced great gender changes in the past, but also mentiones his predictions that men are quickly becoming the gender to face the greatest challenges in the 21st century.
Finally, he goes to bed, gets his pillow taken away from him (though his brother gave it to him), his light burns out, he bites his tongue and his cat sleeps with his brother instead of him. But, alas, his mom tells him that
Whereas in the past a woman’s role was considered to be in the kitchen cooking and cleaning for her husband and children, the modern woman has shot down this perception and proved the popular adage that anything a man can do a
here is not a need to conform or assimilate to a national culture; instead, members of society, and culture itself, can be improved and maximized in the event that individuals retain their unique nuances and seek to appreciate the unique differences and cultural approaches of