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Voiceless cries: The resource anathema A critical Human rights approach to the Rule of Law, Sovereignty and Sustainable development in Africa - Essay Example

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The post-colonial development of contemporary Africa has reiterated the debate regarding the interrelationship between sustainable economic development and human rights compliance on the African continent (Ukaga & Afoaku, 2005). On the one hand, within the continent’s…
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Voiceless cries: The resource anathema A critical Human rights approach to the Rule of Law, Sovereignty and Sustainable development in Africa
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Download file to see previous pages s Freedom of the World Report 2008 labelled three of the major Southern African countries as “liberal democracies” in terms of cohesion between individual human rights, due process and the rule of law (2008). However, Dr Freier’s recent address at the 28th SALAN Regional Meeting and 15th Anniversary Celebrations in Namibia indicated Freedom House World Report’s rankings regarding the African countries was a “generous compliment” on grounds that a “Liberal Democracy at its best represents exactly the very political system where the negative freedoms (civil liberties) and the corresponding first generation rights are enshrined in a “living constitution” representing a crucial element of a political and legal culture” (2009).
Dr Freier’s proposition is supported by the arguments of Ukaga & Afoaku (2005) that the postcolonial hopes of indigenous Africans have been gradually eroded by the transformation from democracy to dictatorships. Additionally, the dictatorships have been operating within the neo-colonial government paradigm, with national policies geared towards securing international funding and foreign backing as opposed to focusing on local needs (Ukaga & Afoaku, 2005). As a result, Ukaga & Afoaku highlight that “at the dawn of the twenty first century, African Countries faced the gloomy prospect of an ever widening socio-economic gap between the elites and the masses”, which has underlined the dichotomy between human rights and sustainable development going forward.
Additionally, Dr Freier highlights the point that the political and legal framework of a nation state is arguably the crux of the problem of human rights protection in contemporary Africa on grounds that:
“Liberation movements and successive “state or struggle parties” claim everlasting legitimacy as political hegemons depriving there citizens of exactly those freedoms they originally fought for and which would probably best enable them to prosper and make their ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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