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gressive developmental cooperation, some people around the globe, especially those concerned with the human rights treaties and millennium declaration, feel that it is a betrayal of the embodied universal values.
Based on items of the current human rights agenda of MDGs, the only item that tries to address sustainable development is on environmental sustainability. However, it gives a bias to two specific issues, which are water and sanitation to improve access to safe drinking water. Apparently, the item seems to focus much to the problems that many societies in the developing and emerging nations struggle with than the already developed nations. The focus of MDGs on access to clean water and sanitation is just but a narrow focus to the big question of water resources management, in a world that is struggling with environmental degradation, declining water resources affected by the climatic conditions and increased utilization of water. The truth is that even after the ‘water for life decade of action’ comes to an end, there will still remain persistent issues related to water, least to mention the challenging factors associated with the environment that affect sustainable development.
It is evident that there was a narrow focus on sustainable development. According to Schaefer- Preuss, MDGs focused on “halving the proportion of people in the globe who lacked access to sustainable clean water and basic sanitation” (2014, p.1). While this is just an aspect of the complex need to sustainable development, policy makers failed to consider crucial changes a decade later. Climatic conditions, population growth, and factors of economic development like industrialization are all working to influence the global water cycle and utilization. Today, there are far worse challenges to environmental sustainability inclusive of deforestation, extractive industries that could lead to humanitarian crisis, and which serve as potential hindrances to broad sustainable
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His deliberate use of the word ‘crusade’ (IPO, 2008: 24) made it clear that this was actually a war against the Muslim world under the pretext of being a war on terror. This crusade was made to appear as if was begun following the demolition of the World Trade Centre on 11 September 2001, which was widely portrayed as an attack by the CIA created network named Al-Qaeda.
The requirement of a world organization in settling international disputes was evident agreed by all major powers after the First World War. The League of Nations was formed in 1919 to fill the vacancy of an international body in settling international disputes.
This section seeks to show what exactly are these human rights, establish why and how they entered into the international political process since WWII, highlight any changes that might have occurred in the character of international relations as well as ascertain the actor that is best suited to pursue international human rights while analyzing the strengths and weaknesses of each actor.
These rights are inalienable and thus need protection from national and international governments. The United Nations (UN) being the strongest international force for imposing laws and policies has therefore set up a global framework issuing legal and institutional protection to the human rights of the human beings.
e for which each human being is entitled and comprise the right to life and liberty, freedom of thought and manifestation, and equality before the law of a nation. Few think, practically there is no difference between the two and consider both are same thing, but others keep the
One of these twists was put into action by the establishment of the UN Treaty System to safeguard human right and freedoms in 1948 (Baehr et al, 1999: 23). During the years after its establishment the Organization has had to deal with some serious challenges in both
Human rights are basic rights and freedoms that all people are entitled to regardless of nationality, sex, national or ethical origin, race, religion, language or other status; these rights – and the duty to protect them - were stated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR).
Most students are of the view that education about human rights is very important since it helps the undergraduates in particular to gain more knowledge about pertinent issues that are related to the declaration human rights. As
The author states that for more than sixty years, the UN Commission on Human Rights embodied this disappointment. The CHR was reduced into a medium that human rights violators exploited to hinder condemnations of their own actions. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights and treaties make up the heart of international human rights principles.
These pillars need strengthening as converse undertakings violate peoples rights leaving them severely deprived of basic rights and freedoms. In spite of individuals’ race, sex, nationality, cultural believes
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