Free

1.Compare the civilization in the Indus Valley with the civilizations in Mesopotamia and Egypt. Consider such factors as geography, social structure, technology, economics, religion, etc - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Many progresses in intellectual, cultural, arts and sciences, political and social development of the human society is generally referred to as civilization. The ancient civilizations are Mesopotamia, Egypt and India that emerged by the banks of rivers Tigris and Euphrates, Nile…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.2% of users find it useful
1.Compare the civilization in the Indus Valley with the civilizations in Mesopotamia and Egypt. Consider such factors as geography, social structure, technology, economics, religion, etc
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "1.Compare the civilization in the Indus Valley with the civilizations in Mesopotamia and Egypt. Consider such factors as geography, social structure, technology, economics, religion, etc"

INDUS VALLEY, MESOPOTAMIA AND EGYPT CIVILIZATIONS Many progresses in intellectual, cultural, arts and sciences, political and social development of the human society is generally referred to as civilization. The ancient civilizations are Mesopotamia, Egypt and India that emerged by the banks of rivers Tigris and Euphrates, Nile and Indus and are also known as river civilizations. Mesopotamia and Egypt are considered the earliest civilizations due to the development of human society before Indus Valley Civilization.
Emerging of the Civilization
The Indus Valley civilization began later than the early civilizations that appeared during 3000 BC in the region of Sumer in southern Mesopotamia and Egypt. However by 2500 BC the two great cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro were well established. There is not known evidence to state whether this civilization was inspired by Mesopotamia and Egypt or had the local development on its own. The changes in environment, population and evolution of technology are the reason for emergence of the civilized societies.
Cities
The quality of the cities built by baked bricks of same size proves the knowledge of planning and development and their priority to maintain hygienic conditions. Although the houses were of different sizes yet the city possessed remarkable egalitarianism. The streets were laid in a grid pattern with houses protected from any pollution and thief’s intruding. City obtained the desired water from wells and drained the waste water to the closed drains proving the improved drainage and sewage system. There were no temples or pyramids in the city during Indus civilization unlike Ziggurats (temple) of Mesopotamia, that were built high with houses of priests, shopkeepers and merchants in city center and government buildings around the Ziggurats and the houses were made of mud-bricks but the pyramids, temples, palaces and tombs made of stone and rich in art and architecture in Egypt.
Geography
The Indus civilization was laid by the river Indus that played a vital role in the lives of people by Indus as it provided fertile land for agriculture purpose. The Deccan Plateau and Himalayas located around the valley protect the people of Indus civilization from invaders. While the Mesopotamia civilization laid by the rivers Tigris and Euphrates with mountains on the east and deserts on the west of Mesopotamia. Egypt civilization laid by the river Nile on north is bound by dessert on east, west and south protecting from all influences, thus evolving on its own.
Transportation
The Indus Valley people used animals like camels, oxen and elephants as means of transportation. The carts with the wooden wheels and ships for sailing along the sea were also means of travelling. The mode of transportation during Ancient Mesopotamia was mostly through foot, by donkey or a cart on land while using a boat to travel by water. The wheels and sail boats were first invented during the Mesopotamia civilization that are being developed and used even today while people of Ancient Egypt travelled mostly by chariots, donkeys, boats and camels.
Economy
Economy in Indus Valley Civilization is laid on two pillars of agriculture and trade facilitated by transport. The alluvial soils provided fertile grounds to cultivate various crops like grains such as wheat, barley, rice, legumes; oil seeds like mustard, sesame; and cotton. They possessed sheep and goat, while fishing supplemented their diet. Many mineral resources like ivory, gold and silver etc. were used by craftsmen to make items for person, public or household use and were traded. The seals possessing pictographic scripts were found in both the Indus Valley and Mesopotamia indicate the trade between the civilizations. Ancient Mesopotamians traded almost every item used on day-to-day basis as it was low on natural resources while Ancient Egypt also carried agriculture and trading with Nubians, Mesopotamia etc.
Science
The people of the Indus Valley Civilization were the first to develop uniform weights and measures while possessing accuracy in measurements of length, mass and time. The engineering science made contribution in constructing an artificial dock with water locking arrangements, inventing compass and circular saw. The Indus people showed the benefits of standardization which are of great value to highly industrialized society. During ancient Mesopotamia sciences was at the early stage hence there were no known laws but various inventions like wheels, plow and sailboat lead to future developments. They were first to base the numbers from 1 to 10 and had a language to use a 12 month calendar based on the lunar year. While the ancient Egyptians advanced in sciences of mathematics, medicine and astronomy along with ways to measure time and distance.
Religion
The clear conclusion regarding the religion of Indus people is not stated as there were no buildings discovered that could be named as temples unlike the Ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt. Their religion was polytheistic and they used elephants, cattle and few other animals as Gods. The religion in Mesopotamia was first seen consisting of flat disc with space above which was believed to be heaven. Their religion was polytheistic and they believed water to be cause of birth in the universe. While ancient Egypt had two religions Islam and Christianity. They believed in various gods of which Osiris, god of underworld changes their life.


References
1) Monty Armstrong, David Daniel, Abby Kanarek, “Cracking the AP World History Exam, 2004-2005”, 2004, p. 91
2) Peter N. Stearns, William Leonard Langer, “The Encyclopedia of world history: ancient, medieval and modern”, 2001, p. 21 < http://books.google.com/books?id=MziRd4ddZz4C>
3) Michael Mann, “The Sources of Social Power: A history of power form the beginning to A.D 1760”, 1986, p. 105, < http://books.google.com/books?id=eA23bY_bIsoC&dq>
4) Daniel T. Potts, “Ancient Magan: the secrets of Tell Abraq”, 2000, p. 128 < http://books.google.com/books?id=sHProaWZ_s8C&dq>
5) R. K. Pruthi, “Indus Civilization”, 2004, p. 5 < http://books.google.com/books?id=XgFu-9UF0TYC>
6) Karl J. Schmidt, “An atlas and survey of South Asian history”, 1995, p. 8 < http://books.google.com/books?id=FzmkFXSgxqgC>Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“1.Compare the civilization in the Indus Valley with the civilizations Essay”, n.d.)
1.Compare the civilization in the Indus Valley with the civilizations Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1556988-1compare-the-civilization-in-the-indus-valley-with-the-civilizations-in-mesopotamia-and-egypt-consider-such-factors-as-geography-social-structure-technology-economics-religion-etc
(1.Compare the Civilization in the Indus Valley With the Civilizations Essay)
1.Compare the Civilization in the Indus Valley With the Civilizations Essay. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1556988-1compare-the-civilization-in-the-indus-valley-with-the-civilizations-in-mesopotamia-and-egypt-consider-such-factors-as-geography-social-structure-technology-economics-religion-etc.
“1.Compare the Civilization in the Indus Valley With the Civilizations Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1556988-1compare-the-civilization-in-the-indus-valley-with-the-civilizations-in-mesopotamia-and-egypt-consider-such-factors-as-geography-social-structure-technology-economics-religion-etc.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF 1.Compare the civilization in the Indus Valley with the civilizations in Mesopotamia and Egypt. Consider such factors as geography, social structure, technology, economics, religion, etc

Egypt and Mesopotamia before 3000 BC

...?Compare and contrast Egypt and Mesopotamia before 3000 BC (religion, society, etc) The Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilizations share similar and different characteristics. The early civilizations of Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia were influential to civilizations that came after it and they helped shape the culture and civilization of the western world. The civilizations of Egypt and Mesopotamia are the models of Western civilization. Though, they were not the only...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

How has geography or the physical environment affected the early civilizations: compare at least three from China, Indus Valley,

...will analyze how the physical environment or geography contributed to early civilization during the ancient period. Geography on early civilization Various physical and geographical aspects have affected early civilizations in a number of countries such as china, Andes, Mesopotamia, Egypt and Indus valley. The geographical effects are quite significant thus making them notable (China). One of the geographical or physical aspects that contributed to early civilization in china is the availability of precious metals such as bronze. The availability of bronze led to the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Egypt Civilization: Old Kingdom

...in Egypt. Every time volume of waters in Nile increased, the river broke its banks thereby depositing fertile black silts that were cultivated and yielded abundant food for the population. Old kingdom period lasted between 3100-2200BCE and is remarked as the most eventful period in the history of Egypt. During this period the artistic, architectural, social, economic and religion development and stability were remarkable achievements in the history of Egypt. In the reports of Rice (102), old kingdom rolled through six dynasties, and the most treasured dynasty was the third dynasty that witnessed development of rigorous events in the...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Exploitation in the Social Structure of Civilizations

...of the lower and middle classes of society. Discussion Let us first take the recordings of Diego Duran regarding the Aztec civilization, its social structures and beliefs. Though these recordings were made from interviews taken from voyagers or their descendants at least fifty years after the Spaniards had encountered the Aztec empire, yet we find a compelling story that shows the interest that Duran must have had in recording them for posterity. They do not aspire to compare one civilization to another in terms of superiority or greatness; rather they are a faithful representation of the Aztec civilization as seen through Spanish eyes....
5 Pages(1250 words)Assignment

Two regions: Mesopotamia and Egypt

...and Mesopotamia are both depicted by notable similarities and differences. However, despite Egypt, exhibiting remarkable steps in both technological and government structure, ancient Mesopotamia was outstanding in several aspects. This can be attributed not to its superiority in innovativeness and the geographical habitat in which Mesopotamia is situated. In addition, it should be noted that social, cultural, and political differences played a major role in determining the extent or level of civilization between the two states. Whereas women were highly regarded in Egyptian society, the Mesopotamian...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Mesopotamia Civilization

... Mesopotamia Civilization Although unknown to many people, Mesopotamia is indeed the earliest civilization in the world, considering its historical revolutions that it had to undergo over the centuries (Algaze 26). The name Mesopotamia meant a land that was situation between two rivers. Tin this case, the rivers Euphrates and Tigris flowed across the vast plains of Mesopotamia, creating an environment suitable for agrarian revolution (Annenberg Learner). While agriculture was the earliest revolution that came to Mesopotamia, it is important to note the fact that other forms of civilizations rapidly transformed the empire over the centuries that it existed. Since there were seasonal rains in Mesopotamia, agriculture was initially... ...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Religion in ancient Egypt

...and drink, apparel and so on), as well as rendering them divine honors. In other words, the ministry of culture consisted mainly in an orderly implementation of various rites, and pleasing as the Egyptians believed that it is necessary to god, but it did not imply any ethical standards. Egyptians understood piety primarily as an external ritual observance. Egyptians were unusually close to suffering gods. Cult of Osiris, Isis and suffering, innocent infant Horus enjoyed the greatest popularity. Every Egyptian believed himself to some extent Osiris, in the struggle to defend their rights and defeat even death. In their epitaphs they called himself "Osiris" and hoped to share the fate of god in the afterlife. Works Cited Ancient Egyptian...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Ancient Egypt/World Civilization

... Consider the relationship among natural resources, climate, and the history of Egypt. Howdid environment help shape the success of this ancient civilization? Egypt civilization have been existed for a highly long time, and people who inhabit that land have a huge number of dignities and peculiar features that are predetermined their unique culture, ideology and outlook. Ancient Egypt is considered to be a prominent civilization in the Mediterranean world, and there are some essential factors that play a significant role in shaping the success of this nation. Natural resources, climate together with specific geographical position include their participation into the magnificent success that is presented in the history of Egypt... . The...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Ancient Egypt/World Civilization

...do not copy and paste from the internet Choose one of the six Eras in Egyptian history and write a 2 page paper highlighting the importance of thatera. Be sure to mention any political, social, or artistic events that were significant. One of the greatest time periods during the Egyptian was when the pyramids were built. The Pharoh had a great desire building strong monuments that represented his empire. As a matter of fact, ancient civilizations have built infrastructure and progressed through the utilization of technology in a profound way. Undoubtedly, Egyptian Empire’s perspective towards technology was critical towards developing their Empires. The Egyptians paved...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Egypt and Mesopotamia

...Egypt and Mesopotamia Continent of Asia is enriched by the numerous numbers of civilizations customs and traditions whosehistory is now considered as hallmark to be included in every history text book. History of Egypt and Mesopotamia are generally considered very important in Asian history. Both civilizations were similar in many ways with a few differences, Religion was treated as a compulsive element in both societies. Almost both of the societies had same religious aspects. Egyptians and Mesopotamians were in general practice to build shrines, temples and places of worships to praise...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic 1.Compare the civilization in the Indus Valley with the civilizations in Mesopotamia and Egypt. Consider such factors as geography, social structure, technology, economics, religion, etc for FREE!

Contact Us