Nobody downloaded yet

Racism in football. final chapter - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
In addition, the legislative changes will also be discussed and the effectiveness of laws and campaigns. The final part of the chapter will suggest…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.6% of users find it useful
Racism in football. final chapter
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Racism in football. final chapter"

Download file to see previous pages We can consider anti-racist campaigns as organisations, which aim to suggest a programme whereby the public and organisers tackle racialised inequalities.
The first part of the chapter will explore the various types of initiatives and discuss how effective they have been. A crucial point here is that there is no ‘real’ way of knowing how effective a campaign is or was. This is because one could interview fans to see their thoughts and attitudes throughout the years but there would still be questions raised about the reliability of the answers and the idea of how to ‘measure’ the change in attitudes.
To begin with I would like to discuss ‘fanzines’ and the role of the Football Supporters Association (FSA). Fanzines are magazines, which aim to shift the idea of the football fans as ‘mobs’. These fanzines are produced independently from the football clubs and set out to raise issues about racism and football generally1 thus they can clearly be used as an anti-racist campaigning device (Back et al., 2001).
The FSA is a pressure group that aims to express the opinions of supporters and its main aim is to gain an improvement in the facilities and services offered to fans as well as a legitimate way to represent all football fans. Liverpool supporters established it in 1985 and it was an organisation where supporters could talk about football in a positive way. The FSA and fanzines worked in conjunction to promote a message to the fans and the general public. The issue of racism is a complex one, especially when fans are portrayed in various fanzines as racist skinheads. According to Back et al. this image overshadows the ‘banal and the very ordinary face of racism…’ (2001:188) and the racist is seen in a very narrow sense. Therefore, one weakness of these fanzines is that racist fans are constructed in a stereotypical way and a move away from these images may ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Racism in football. final chapter Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words”, n.d.)
Racism in football. final chapter Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words. Retrieved from
(Racism in Football. Final Chapter Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
Racism in Football. Final Chapter Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words.
“Racism in Football. Final Chapter Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Racism in football. final chapter


...? Promotional Strategies Affiliation: Question Chapter 7 A website page refreshing every ten minutes to help practitionersfollow up with appointments is a strategy for the organization behind the website to maintain a certain level of relationship between service users and providers. According to Eric’s 2010 publication, Essentials of Health Care Marketing, customer relations are important variables that health care institutions and practitioners have to maintain for the sake of their businesses, reputation of the organization, and creation of loyalty. In this case, Eric (2010) showcases constructs of relationship marketing as it identifies with health care customers and practitioners. With regards to the website...
5 Pages(1250 words)Article

Racism in football

...Racism in Football Racism in Football College: Racism in Football "On 13 May at its Paris meeting, the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) PUBLISH ITS 'Unite Against Racism' declaration, in the presence of French international footballer Lilian Thuram. The declarationwas issued ahead of Euro 2008 football tournament. The commission wanted the event to demonstrate a commitment to combating racism and racial discrimination in football." (Ivana 2008). This statement is an evidence of the existence of the problem of...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Racism in Football (soccer)

...opportunity (Russell 1997). Community organization and non governmental organizations also provided some also provided some crucial information. Snowballing technique was the method of choice in the collection of data from the selected football organizations and listed contacts whereby only appropriate information, projects and strategies were put forward. Just to ensure that the information obtained was accurate, copies of the draft reports were sent to the sports organizations and the governmental agencies and the comments that were obtained back were also included in the final report. Results The outcomes of the study indicated that there are several initiatives that are aimed at eradicating...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Racism and Football (soccer)

.... This reality has also been imitated in English football which was in the past opposed to work together or have reutilized contact with alleged minor footballing states. For example, FIFA was arranged with no English hold up in 1904 and England team did not take part in the World Cup Finals till 1905 at which end they were abruptly mortified by the hasty USA. Afterward, in late 1950s, the Football association ineffectively resisted the contribution of English society in European club rivalries. Fundamentals of the magnificent narrowness of British football's history is today repeated in the aristocratic racism exposed in enlightenment...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay


...Football, a global game Is Football a global sport There is much to be understood before ifying Football as global sport. Football traces its origins from the distant past and from many strongholds. Globalization and Sport Globalization is making way in the lives of humans through every aspect of life. Sport is a very effective and important aspect of life. Sport plays a great role in grooming, maintaining and socializing of a human being. Through the sporting activity, individuals can bring out their talent, become famous, and furthermore interact with other members of the society. Why can we call sport as being a global activity is because now the competition level has...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Racism and Hooliganism in English Football

...The Manchester Metropolitan Department of Exercise and Sports Science BA (Hons) Secondary Education (Physical Education Year 3 Project Submitted: 29th January 2007 The Influence of Racism and Hooliganism upon one another in English Football By Kamron James Bahrami Student Number: 03157143 Abstract The aim of this dissertation is to explore the interrelationship between racism and hooliganism in English professional football. Recent events in English football have suggested that racism is still very much prevalent at football grounds. It is difficult to determine a "cause-and-effect" relationship between...
34 Pages(8500 words)Coursework

Racism In Football (Soccer)

...leagues. This seems to have restricted their opportunities for being identified and recruited by professional clubs. Finally, Burdsey suggests that the use of British Asian coaches as cultural intermediaries would help in easing the inclusion of British Asians in professional football leagues (Burdsey, 2004). Actions have been taken by many organisations against players who have been known to engage in racist behaviour. For example, Patrick Vieira, a player for England, reports how some players have been fined or banned due to racist behaviour but also laments that not enough is being done to curb racism from the sport (Crabbe, 2004). The analysis made by Crabbe (2004) in this regard...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Racism in football

...into this society and how the children are to be ‘seen but not heard’, a very traditional perspective. His experiences of racism in the field were similar to those of other black footballers of the time (where it was common to experience hostilities from oppositional players and crowds). In contrast, Justin Fashanu believes that black people are naturally gifted in sport. He believes that people are conditioned to believe this over many years. He suggests, “…I could run faster than anyone else…I think blacks were designed to use our speed and agility…” (Cited in Cashmore, 1982:57). Finally, Cyrille Regis experienced such verbal abuse as ‘black bastard’ but he states that he,“…learn[t] to...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Racism in football

...RACISM IN FOOTBALL Rationale Social vices remain some of the activities that have resulted in the transformation of the social activities and the introduction of numerous regulations. Social prejudices have continuously affected different social places and eliminating them remains a fundamental challenge. Racism, for example, has remained a major challenge to the governing body of football, as it persistently continues to become evident in many football matches. Despite the game of football being played for social benefits and entertainment to the community, racism renders these potential benefits of...
10 Pages(2500 words)Coursework

Racism in Russia Football

...them differently on the grounds of colour, lifestyle, beliefs, and nationalities. These are the main drivers of individuals into the vice that is racism (Copeland 2014, p. 21). For these reasons, racists are all over the world. Some prejudices are in a latent phase while some are well acknowledged by people to the point that they actually cause racial wars such as Jihad. Russia is one of the countries that happen to house numerous racists, more so in the field of soccer. The next section of the paper delves into racism in Russia. Racism in Russia Football Russia is a country that has a population of 143.5 million people with a GDP of two trillion dollars. Its inflation...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Racism in football. final chapter for FREE!

Contact Us