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tatistics released by the Virginia Department of Social Services Online Automated Data System (2007) physical neglect is far more prevalent in Virginia accounting for 54.5 percent of child abuse reports for 2007. Physical abuse rates second in reporting history representing 26.2 percent of child abuse reports in 2007. (Virginia Department of Social Services Online Automated Data System, 2007) The prevalence of physical abuse and physical neglect dictate that educators remain vigilant for the purpose of detecting and identifying signs of both physical neglect and physical abuse.
Legal definitions of child abuse and neglect however are inadequate for the purposes of recognising and circumventing child abuse and neglect. To this end educators are more appropriately guided by what is termed “operational definitions.” (Child Abuse and Neglect: Recognizing, Reporting, and Responding for Educators) Operational definitions are utilized by reference to indicators. (Child Abuse and Neglect: Recognizing, Reporting, and Responding for Educators) For instance the legal definition of physical abuse is such that it “causes or threatens to cause non-accidental physical injury.” (Child Abuse and Neglect: Recognizing, Reporting, and Responding for Educators) The operational definition of physical abuse indicates that conduct by a parent, guardian or any type of caregiver is such that it causes “physical injury or a particular behavior.” (Child Abuse and Neglect: Recognizing, Reporting, and Responding for Educators) Put another way:
Physical indicators may be manifested in a variety of ways. These indicators include “questionable bruises and welts, or other injuries”. (Child Abuse and Neglect: Recognizing, Reporting, and Responding for Educators) These types of injuries will typically appear on the child’s face, lips, mouth, torso, back, buttocks and thighs and will be in “various stages of healing” and “clustered.” (Child Abuse and Neglect:
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The purpose of this research is to know what the definition of child abuse is and what are the kinds of abuse. Some parents use abuse at home with their children and home must be a safe place for children to live. Some of factors that make parents use violent with their children are alcohol, drugs, smoke, and other problems at home.
Instead of care, many of the children are facing physical, psychological and emotional abuse. A child may normally undergo physical abuse in his family or in school. Teachers and parents often punish children for their mistakes. Psychological and emotional abuse also occurs mostly in family and society in which the child frequently interacts.
The paper looks at Kobin's analysis of the relationship between child abuse and anthropology. It goes on to identify the various techniques and tools used by parents and the social services to prevent child abuse. The next writer argues that child abuse by parents and guardians are prompted by substance abuse, mental illness, domestic violence and child behavior.
Prevalence of the problem has been suggested to include almost one-quarter of the nation's population (Finkelhor et al., 1990). As a result of sexual abuse, a variety of emotional and behavioral problems may develop and continue into the young victim's adulthood.
This includes prevention of further abuse to the child as well as the abuse of other children at risk. As forensic health care specialists are ones who are most directly in contact with patients, forensic nurses are exposed to cases such as assault,
Surprisingly maltreatment is not limited to home, public places, workplaces and offices. Now, it has extended even in schools. All the forms of maltreatment (above-mentioned) have been found in practice within the boundary of a