Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Why it is important to differentiate the curriculum for gifted learners in schools - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The Maker Model of Differentiated Curriculum addresses the need to adjust teaching environments and practices to create different learning experiences for different students. Maker suggests that curriculum needs to be differentiated in terms of Learning environment, content…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.6% of users find it useful
Why it is important to differentiate the curriculum for gifted learners in schools
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Why it is important to differentiate the curriculum for gifted learners in schools"

Importance of Differentiated Curriculum for Gifted Learners The Maker Model of Differentiated Curriculum addresses the need to adjust teaching environments and practices to create different learning experiences for different students. Maker suggests that curriculum needs to be differentiated in terms of Learning environment, content modification, process modification, and product modification (Maker, 1982, Maker and Nielsen, 1995). This is particularly important in the case of gifted students with higher levels of thinking and abstraction, an order to help these students reach their full potential.
Brown & Wragg (1993) identify the ten roles of the teacher as being, “director, facilitator, adviser, teacher, guide, critic, freedom giver, supporter, manager and examiner” (p.31-32). There are many other educational writers who suggest various other dimensions of teaching and the essential teaching skills within these dimensions. Kyriacou (1998) lists the essential teaching skills as “ethos, direct instruction, management of materials, guided practice, structured conversation, monitoring, management of order, planning and preparation and written evaluation” (p.6). These skills are imperative in the direction of gifted students in order to tailor the curriculum to their accelerated learning needs.
This is why educators of the gifted value the benefits of ability grouping for advanced learners. The availability of some forms of homogeneous grouping for these learners has been strongly advocated by proponents of gifted education (Allan, 1991). Educators of the gifted are also concerned about a lack of emphasis on differentiated instruction for academic diversity in heterogeneous classrooms and reject a one-size-fits-all approach to educating students as varied as those who inhabit the average classroom. Thus, it is necessary to abandon these practices that homogenize instruction by permitting and in some cases, even encouraging a “one-size-fits-all” approach to instruction (Kaplan, 1979). Instead, it is necessary to emphasize appropriately differentiated instruction in heterogeneous classrooms
In order to cater for giftedness, a curriculum must be developed which creates opportunities to optimize students’ potential (VanTassel-Baska, 1993). A goal in gifted education is to reach the ‘optimal match’ of curriculum with the needs of gifted students. (Hoekman, McCormick and Gross, 1999). Curriculum should be complex, fast-paced, rigorous and match the abilities and interests of gifted students (Gross, 1994,1997,2001, Sawyer, 1988, VanTassel-Baska, 88, 91, 92, 93, 98). Matching curriculum to the needs of gifted students can be achieved through a range of curricular practices, such as above level testing, curriculum compaction, and curriculum differentiation. (Gross, Sleap, and Pretorious, 2001). Kierouz suggests that this can be achieved by deleting already mastered material from the curriculum, adding new content, process, or product expectations to existing curriculum, extending existing curriculum to provide enrichment activities, providing coursework for able students at an earlier age than usual, and writing new units or courses that meet the needs of gifted students.
The accelerated pace at which gifted and talented students learn information requires that flexible pacing strategies such as skill grouping, curricular compacting, contracting, and credit by examination be integrated into classroom management formats. It is important that educators recognize the abilities of gifted students to learn complex information more quickly in order to adapt their approaches in the classroom likewise.
Works Cited
Allan, S. (1991). Ability grouping research reviews: What do they really say to the practitioner? Educational Leadership, 48(6), 60-65.
Brown, G. A. & Wragg, E.C. (1993). Questioning. London : Routledge
Hoekman,K., McCormic, J., and Gross, M.U.M., (1999). The optimal context for gifted students: A preliminary exploration of motivational and affective considerations. Gifted Child Quarterly 43(4). 170-193.
Gross, M.U.M., (1994). To Group of not to group: Is that the question? IMAGES, Journal of Indiana Association for the Gifted . Summer, 14-20.
---, (1997). How ability grouping turns big fish into little fish—or does it? Of Optical illusions and Optimal environments. The Australasian Journal of Gifted Education 6(2), 18-30.
---, (2001). Serving gifted students in our schools—Bland protestations or practical action? Understanding our Giftes, Winter, 16-17.
Gross, M.U.M., Sleap,B., and Pretorious,M., (2001). Gifted Student in Secondary Schools: Differentiating the Curriculum. Sydney: GERRIC.
Kaplan, S. (1979). Inservice training manual: Activities for developing curriculum for the gifted and talented. Ventura, CA: National/State Leadership Training Institute.
Kyriacou, C. (1998). Essential Teaching Skills. Cheltenham : Stanley Thornes
Maker, J. (1982). "Curriculum development for the gifted." Rockville, MD: Aspen Systems Corporation.
Maker, J., & Nielson, A. (1995). Teaching models in education of the gifted. Austin, TX: Pro-ed.
Sawyer, R.N., In defense of academic rigour. Journal for the Gifted 11(2), 5-19.
Van-Tassel Baska, J., (1988). Comprehensive Curriculum for Gifted Learners. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
---, (1991). What matters in curriculum for gifted learners: Reflections on theory, research and practice. In W. Southern and E. Jones, The Academic Acceleration of Gifted Children, (126-135). New York: Teachers College Press.
---, (1992). Educational decision making on acceleration and grouping. Gifted Child Quarterly, 36(2), 24-68.
---, (1993). Theory and Research on curriculum development for the gifted, In K. Heller, F. Monks, and A.H. Passow (ed’s). International Handbook of Research and Development of Giftedness and Talent, (365-386). Oxford: Pergamon.
---, (1998). Excellence in Educating Gifted Learners. Denver: Love. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Why it is important to differentiate the curriculum for gifted Essay”, n.d.)
Why it is important to differentiate the curriculum for gifted Essay. Retrieved from
(Why It Is Important to Differentiate the Curriculum for Gifted Essay)
Why It Is Important to Differentiate the Curriculum for Gifted Essay.
“Why It Is Important to Differentiate the Curriculum for Gifted Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Why it is important to differentiate the curriculum for gifted learners in schools

National Curriculum In Schools In England

...?National curriculum in schools in England Introduction A school curriculum is a set of s and their content offered in a school. A course curriculum incorporates the modes of teaching and the subsequent evaluation strategies. Curriculums guide the teachers in delivering their services. A national curriculum is therefore the set of courses that a government sets to apply in all the school levels in a country. This implies the uniformity in the education sector owing to the fact that all the schools in the country offer similar courses to their students and follow similar teaching methodologies in doing so. Curriculums require effective formulation following the adequate assessment of the information needs in the learner among other factors...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

The Ultimate Program for Gifted Learners

... are good at, behavioral conduct, personality traits, attendance, besides oratorical and presentation skills, learning abilities, and level of tolerance and resilience. The Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT), established by Julian C. Stanley, now better known as the SAT Reasoning Test, goes a long way in identifying the abilities of the exceptionally gifted students. The school curriculum is also an important component in deciding the quotient of the exceptionally talented student as it has a vital role to play in deciding the student's academic fortunes. It is critically important to identify children with unique talents and abilities early on in their lives in order to educate, train and prepare them not only to enhance their future...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Curriculum Development and Teaching Strategies for Gifted Learners

... and more challenging activities. 5 Curriculum and Teaching Methods Early childhood teachers are well prepared to work with children at their own pace - a key factor in teaching the gifted and an underlying principle of early childhood education. The logistics of having gifted children in a class can, however, present challenges in curriculum planning. Parents of the gifted child will need support and encouragement as well as guidance in dealing with their child's exceptionality. Together teachers and parents can explore what will best suit each child so that this giftedness may be nurtured and challenged at home and at school (VanTassel-Baska and Brown, 2005). Indeed, although it is important to stimulate and challenge gifted children...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Curriculum Development and teaching strategies for gifted learners

... implications to this. The first is that gifted students require an educational which is different from that of average students and the second is that gifted students need to be differentiated one from the other and each provided with the education which corresponds to his/her needs and intellectual capabilities. Boreland (1989) concurs with Shore’s (1988) argument regarding the imperatives of designing differentiated curricula for gifted students. Indeed, as he argues, the very definition of `curriculum’ as “that reconstruction of knowledge and experience, systematically developed under the auspices of the school (or university), to enable the learner to increase his or her control of knowledge and experience” (Borland, 1989, p. 175...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Professional literature relating to gifted learners

...). This paper analyses the characteristics and behavior of a gifted child with Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder. Gifted Learners Exceptional is an all-inclusive term and it is used to describe a person whose behavioral, intellectual and physical performance differs significantly from what is normal (typical), either lower or higher. The individuals described as exceptional comprise those with extraordinary disabilities (such as intellectual disabilities or learning disabilities) and extraordinary abilities (such as talents and gifts). Individuals, who are exceptional, whether disabled or gifted, benefit from individualized accommodations, support, or assistance in community and school settings (Drew, Egan and Hardman, 2010). Gifted...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Gifted students

...Gifted Application of gifts that are not necessarily academic Academic set ups is always rich in diversity that is experienced in different aspects. Gifts among students are an example of diversity in academic institutions as it is in the general society. While some students have academic gifts, others have gifts that are not academic. ‘Non-academic’ gifts, like academic gifts, can be used as motivation factors to students, as either intrinsic or extrinsic motivators. Based on Marquis and Huston’s definition of motivation as a driving force that exists within a person towards influencing behavior, gifts possessed by students can be used to influence behavior of the individual student as well as behavior of other students. A person’s gift...
1 Pages(250 words)Coursework

Curriculum for the gifted

...Curriculum for the Gifted Curriculum for the Gifted ment Many changes have occurred over the years relatedto the curriculum development for gifted learners. Please support and defend this statement citing examples from Chapter 1.  Curriculum development for gifted learners has evolved through the years. According to Renzulli, previously, gifted learners were exposed to activities which honed their thinking and research skills, but new developments have pushed for their exposure to activities which required them to solve real problems (Chapter 1 - Curriculum for the gifted: Past, present and future directions). New curriculum designs for the gifted have stressed the importance of both content acceleration and enrichment strategies...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

National Curriculum in Schools in England

...A school curriculum is a set of courses and their content offered in a school. A course curriculum incorporates the modes of teaching and the subsequent evaluation strategies. Curriculums guide the teachers in delivering their services. A national curriculum is therefore the set of courses that a government sets to apply in all the school levels in a country. This implies the uniformity in the education sector owing to the fact that all the schools in the country offer similar courses to their students and follow similar teaching methodologies in doing so. Curriculums require effective formulation following the adequate assessment of the information needs in the learner among other factors that affect the learning process (GOLBY...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

National Curriculum for the Primary Schools

It gives them an opportunity to choose their area of interest and develops them accordingly. If you talk about an education system there are a few things which come to our mind first, these are the student, teachers, and books. The student-teacher relationship is very important.
This small statement above has a lot of weight within it. It tells us about the relationship we have with our students, it tells us what we are to our students and the most important meaning it has is the sense of responsibility. As parents, teachers should always keep on understanding their pupils and not just teaching them but also helping them to grow in overall perspective in order to live successfully, peacefully and the best way they can. A Teache...
16 Pages(4000 words)Dissertation

Why a Free Press is Important for a Liberal Democracy

“Why, for instance,” he is credited as having continued along these same lines, “should it be said that liberty of the press shall not be restrained when no power is given by which restrictions may be imposed? (136)” Hamilton’s argument was lost to the states, and the first ten amendments of the Constitution reflect the state’s insistence for a Bill of Rights, and first on the Bill of Rights is the right to free speech (137). Neither Hamilton, who was during his life a proliferate letter writer, expressing his views on every subject of the day and many which were not subject to discussion at all (Hamilton 1911, 62); nor the represents of the states who held out against ratifying the Constitution...
7 Pages(1750 words)Report

International E-Learners in the System of Online Education

As may be inferred from Phipps and Merisotis’ (1999) argument, online education is an opportunities’ equaliser to the extent that it offers prospective learners from the four corners of the globe the chance to study in and graduate from reputable universities of their choice, eliminating time and space constraints and challenges because it takes the educational environment to the learner and allows the former to design his/her educational programme around his/her time. 

Online education has the potential to be an education opportunities’ equaliser but, in practical terms, it has not realised that potential yet. This statement is borne out by Gilbert’s (2001) contention that available statis...
11 Pages(2750 words)Case Study

The Early Years Curriculum: A Comparative View

It is designed to meet the diverse needs of all the children so that most would achieve the desired goals or exceed them. This has also been promulgated as law, since March 2002 and it has been declared that the above mentioned early levels goals and objectives could be achieved for each area.A National Consensus on the course contents of the early learning goals were set out in the Curriculum Guidance for the foundation stage. The Foundation stage has been started in the schools during 2002-03.This foundation course has 12 summary scales which have to be completed by the child who is being granted Government funds for study education by the end of his/her term, at this Foundation Stage. The legal aspects governing this Foundation...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

Leadership as an Important Aspect of Managing

Leadership is an important aspect of managing.  The ability to lead effectively is one of the keys to being an effective manager.  Leaders act to help a group attain objectives through the maximum application of its capabilities. Organizations may be in a state of equilibrium, with forces pushing for change on the one hand and forces resisting change by attempting to maintain the status quo on the other. 

Leaders envision the future. They inspire the organization members and chart the course of the organization. Chrysler’s Lee Iacocca and General Electric’s Jack Welch have provided a vision for their companies. Leaders must instill values – whether they are a concern for quality, honesty...
12 Pages(3000 words)Term Paper

The Promotion of Sustainability through Schools

The promotion of sustainability through schools and other educational sites can be characterized as rather satisfactory; however, additional efforts should be made in order to increase the interest of learners on environment-related issues. The role of teachers in the success of this effort will be decisive. In accordance with the study of Olson's (2007, online article) ‘research shows that teachers matter more to student learning than any other school-related factor; yet the effectiveness of individual teachers varies widely’. In other words, teachers and school administrators are expected to have a central role in the promotion of sustainability in education – including its higher levels. On the other hand, res...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Towards a Learners Curriculum

...BA (Hons) Professional Studies Module Curriculum Studies Towards A LearnersCurriculum Module Trudie Mcneill Daiva Stalnionyte Education has been viewed as providing a significant contribution to a person’s success. A person goes through more than a decade of education in his youth. It is at this time when learning is believed to take place the fastest. Most of education is provided in schools, following an organized curriculum. Educators design curriculum to help them set learning paths for their students. This noble task has been attempted repeatedly and in various contexts in the hopes of improving curriculum. It can be said that educators always work towards a curriculum that empowers the learner. It would greatly benefit him...
13 Pages(3250 words)Assignment

Bullying in Schools

At the same time, those children who were the victims of bullying behavior in the school environment have a higher risk for later maladjustment (Schwartz, Dodge & Cole, 1993: 1755). The good news is that because bullying usually happens on a recurrent basis between two people who already know each other, it can also usually be identified and prevented quicker and easier than later deviant behavior, perhaps with the added bonus of decreasing criminal behavior among adults. Before teachers and administrators can reduce bullying in the schools, they must understand the prevalence of the problem, it is the development and how to identify it as well as have knowledge of the approaches that have successfully reduced these behaviors...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

What Are the Most Important Factors in Explaining the Rise of the Modern State

Though the existence of the state can be felt in different walks of everyday life, yet it is an intangible whose nature is impossible to grasp. As a political institution, state embodies the concept of sovereignty. Devetak (2007) describes it as a political unit or a country that possesses sovereignty. State can thus be described as a single, unified whole confined within territorial borders. The state is built in a core geographical area with allowances to a certain extent on the boundaries. According to Strayer (1970), a state exists in the hearts and minds of the people. The collective personality of the state renders it immortal. The state is a multi-faced concept that is fuzzy around its edges. Consequently, we cannot develop...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Syllabus Design for Learners of English as a Second Language

The translation and transmutation of syllabuses into the teaching procedures are generally recognized by the established conceptions of the second language learning methodologies, predominant amongst them are the Grammar Translation Method and Audiolingual Method. These notions in addition to the emergent concepts aiding to the structuring of the syllabus and curriculum for English as the Second Language are critically discussed in detail in this literary essay.

English being globally considered and established as the ‘lingua franca’ whether in terms of international communications or technological interrelations, hence English as the second language is extensively popularized and most sought after language...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Important Issues of Community Life

Community life has its advantages but also has its limitations to the members and the outsiders.
“The good things we secure for ourselves are uncertain and precious until it is secured for everyone and incorporated into our common life.”-Jane Addams. With society moving faster and more detached to technology, busy schedules, and job changes, it becomes harder and harder to feel a sense of community. This can result in a life of solitude and a lose a sense of belonging. Community life helps extract people out of this solitude life and introduce better, challenging and fun tasks such as participation in acts of kindness. It also provides room for volunteering, meeting neighbors, discussing important issues with othe...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

Faulkner as One of the Important Writers in American Literature

In 1918, William Faulkner attempted to become a pilot for the U.S. Army but was turned down because of his height. He “never stood taller than five feet, six inches tall” (Padgett 1). He never gave up and traveled to Toronto, Canada where he posed as an English national and was admitted to the Royal Canadian Air Force (EGS 2). He then traveled to France with this force, though, when they reached France, the war had ended. (EGS 3)
From 1919 until 1921, after returning to the U.S, William Faulkner attended the University of Mississippi, where he wrote for the school’s newspaper, as well as his hometown’s newspaper. (EGS 3).He also drafted his first play that was presented by the university’s drama...
7 Pages(1750 words)Literature review
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Why it is important to differentiate the curriculum for gifted learners in schools for FREE!

Contact Us