StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...
Free

Sexually Transmitted Infections - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Chlamydia is the commonest sexually transmitted disease in the United States caused by a bacterium. Chlamydia Trachomatis causes this disease and has an estimated prevalence of 4 million infections annually. About 75 percent of the infected women (Sexually Transmitted disease…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.6% of users find it useful
Sexually Transmitted Infections
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Sexually Transmitted Infections"

1. Describe the prevalence, clinical features, diagnosis, treatment and possible complications of Chlamydia Trachomatis in a woman of childbearing age.
Chlamydia is the commonest sexually transmitted disease in the United States caused by a bacterium. Chlamydia Trachomatis causes this disease and has an estimated prevalence of 4 million infections annually. About 75 percent of the infected women (Sexually Transmitted disease. CDC Fact sheet) do not have any symptoms. Symptoms include abnormal vaginal discharge, lower abdominal pain, lower back pain and burning sensation when urinating. Nausea, pain during intercourse, fever and bleeding between periods may also be seen. It is diagnosed by laboratory tests using culture or non culture techniques such as nucleic acid amplification test on samples from the endocervix or urine (Miller, 2006). Treatment is with azithromycin (single, 1g dose) or doxycycline (100mg twice daily for a week). A possible complication includes pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). This may lead to chronic pelvic pain, ectopic pregnancy and infertility.
2. Compare and contrast Treponema Pallidum and Neisseria Gonorrhoeae infection in terms of a) clinical features, b) diagnosis c) treatment and d) complications.
Treponema Pallidum and Neisseria Gonorrhoeae are both infections caused by a bacterium. While the infection with T. Pallidium (syphilis) manifests in the form of painless ulcers on the sites of infection, infection with N. Gonorrhoea (gonorrhea) presents in the form of painful urination, bleeding between periods and discharge from the vagina in women and discharge from the penis and painful, swollen testicles in men. Both infections may be passed from mother to baby. Syphilis may cause anomalies in babies (Syphilis, 2006). Both are diagnosed by detecting the bacterium in scrapings and samples. Syphilis may be diagnosed by detecting antibodies too. Both are treated with antibiotics. Both organisms can pass through blood to other organs. Complications of syphilis mainly involve the cardiovascular system and brain. Gonorrhoea causes PID. This in turn may lead to chronic pelvic pain, ectopic pregnancy and infertility. Both infections make the sufferer more susceptible to acquire HIV and if not treated, both may lead to death.
3. Briefly discuss advice you would give to a young adult who is experiencing the first episode of HSV2 infection.
I will explain that HSV2 infection is caused by HSV2 virus and that it is a contagious disease often transmitted sexually, which may recur and often difficult to cure completely. So, he / she have to be cautious so as not to spread this virus to his / her sexual partners. I will emphasize the compulsory use of condoms for two main reasons.
1. Firstly, to prevent the transmission of the HSV2 virus.
2. Secondly, because people with HSV2 infection are at a higher risk of getting HIV. (Rebbapragada et al., 2007)
Also, I will tell that care should be taken to ensure others do not touch the blisters and ulcers or the fluid oozed from them; and if he / she experience a recurrence, he / she should seek medical help.
References.
Miller KE (April 15, 2006) Diagnosis and Treatment of Chlamydia Trachomatis infection. American Family Physician.Retrieved on March 25, 2008 from http://www.aafp.org/afp/20060415/1411.html
Rebbapragada A, Wachihi C, Pettengell C, Sunderji S, Huibner S, Jaoko W, Ball B, Fowke K, Mazzulli T, Plummer FA, Kaul R. (2007) Negative mucosal synergy between Herpes simplex type 2 and HIV in the female genital tract. AIDS, 21(5), 589-98
Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Chlamydia - CDC Fact Sheet. Retrieved on March 25, 2008 from http://www.cdc.gov/std/Chlamydia/STDFact-Chlamydia.htm#moreinfo
Syphilis ( October 27, 2006) Retrieved on March 25, 2008 from http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/syphilis/DS00374/DSECTION=all&METHOD=print
2. Compare and contrast Treponema Pallidum and Neisseria Gonorrhoeae infection in terms of a) clinical features, b) diagnosis c) treatment and d) complications.
Treponema Pallidum
Neisseria Gonorrhoea
Clinical Features
Causes the disease
Syphilis
Gonorrhoea
Organism
Bacteria
Bacteria
Has single or multiple painless sores
Yes
No
Draining lymph nodes enlarged
May be
May be
Non-itchy skin rash
Present in secondary stage
Absent
Involvement of other organs
Present in the late stages (may involve brain, heart, liver, eyes, bones, joints and blood)
Mainly involves the joints
Fever and sore throat
May be
May be
Painful urination
Absent
Present
Discharge from penis
Absent
White, yellow or green coloured discharge
Painful, swollen testicles
No
Sometimes
Increased vaginal discharge
No
Yes
Bleeding between periods
No
Yes
Discharge, anal itching, soreness, bleeding or painful bowel movements.
No
Yes (in rectal infection)
Can pass from mother to baby
Yes
Yes
Can cause anomalies of the baby
Yes
No
Diagnosis
Detecting the presence of bacterium in scrapings and samples.
Yes
Yes
Detecting antibodies to the bacterium
Yes
No
Treatment
Antibiotics (In the early phases, treatment is with a single injection of Penicillin or two weeks of antibiotics such as doxycycline, tetracycline or erythromycin. Later phases require more aggressive treatment with IV antibiotics.)
Antibiotics
Complications
Main complications
Cardiovascular syphilis and neuro syphilis.
In females, PID leading to chronic pelvic pain, ectopic pregnancy and infertility.
In males, epididymitis leading to infertility.
Anomalies in babies
Bone and teeth deformities, swollen joints, vision and hearing problems. (Syphilis, 2006)
Not seen
Can spread to blood
Yes
Yes
More susceptible to HIV infection
Yes
Yes
If not treated may die
Yes
Yes Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Sexually Transmitted Infections Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1533958-sexually-transmitted-infections
(Sexually Transmitted Infections Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1533958-sexually-transmitted-infections.
“Sexually Transmitted Infections Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1533958-sexually-transmitted-infections.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Sexually Transmitted Infections

Human Immunodeficiency Virus and other sexually transmitted infections

...?HIV and STI’s Ans1. Over the last three decades, the world has been facing the most challenging and complicated health problem in the history. HumanImmunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted infections(STI’s)which has come to be indicated not as an isolated syndrome, but as the serious materialization of clinical and subclinical cases. There are three primary modes for transmitting HIV: contact sexually (either homosexual or heterosexual) with an infected person, direct exposures to blood or body secretions such as semen or breast milk, sharing needles between intravenous drug users, and prenatally from HIV positive mothers to their babies. STI’s are transmitted sexually by body fluids. According to the World Health...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

Sexually transmitted diseases in teens

...? Sexually transmitted diseases in teens Guido Maya Management resources institute Mercedes Garcia Community project on sexually transmitted diseases-Miami Dade County Date: 22 August 2013 Introduction Sexually transmitted diseases among teens are a growing concern for the entire Miami-Dade County. Florida ranks among the leading States with highest number of reported AIDS cases and Congenital syphilis. Sexually transmitted diseases like Gonorrheal infections, HIV, Chlamydia, and Herpes are spread through sexual activity or body fluids (National Coalition of STD Directors, 2013). More than 30 new cases of STDs are diagnosis each day in Florida. Accordingly, 66 percent of the diagnosed cases involve peopled aged between 15 to 24 years...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Sexually transmitted disease in Miami 2011-2012

In addition, married-couple family type also comprised as much as 64.4% of the total population in 2012; while there were a total 48.8% households with one or more people under the age of 18 (Dept. of Regulatory and Economic Resources; Economic Analysis and Policy, 2013). The map of Miami Dade County is presented as Appendix 1; while the Dade Population Characteristics as of 2011 is presented as Appendix 2. Sexually Transmitted Disease Statistics Statistics on sexually transmitted disease in Miami Dade have revealed that the health dilemma is a growing concern for health officials in Florida and in the country. As published in the Huffington Post, “statistics from the Florida Department of Health show which of the state's 67 coun...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Sexually transmitted diseases

...Introduction According to the study conducted by the Institute of Medicine (1997), the United s finds itself as the industrialized country withthe highest rate of sexually transmitted diseases other than HIV. "Approximately 18.9 million new cases of STDs (excluding HIV) occur each year in the U.S. More than half of all people will be infected with an STD at some point in their lifetime." (ASHA) When you combine these figures with those of HIV/AIDS cases in the US, one would get to see how immense the problem is The imminent STD problem in the United States is the result of a combination of various factors. The foremost factor that contributes to the pending problem is that people are not knowledgeable about the dangers and risks...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Sexually transmitted disease

... Introduction Basically, a sexually transmitted disease (STD) can be loosely defined as any communicable disease that can be transmitted from one person to the other as a result of having unprotected sex with an infected partner. There are many types of sexually transmitted diseases such as chlamydia, syphilis, gonorrhoea and the deadly HIV/Aids among others. STDs are a cause of concern as they in most cases negatively impact on the welfare of the public and they may often lead to loss of life if left uncontrolled. Prevalence and Incidence Research has shown that statistics about STD infections among youths are alarming in the USA. Thus according to a journal article by Josephine Polifroni entitled, ‘STD Facts: Chlamydia in teens...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Interventions For Sexually Transmitted Diseases

... infection at the moment. Treatments for STDs Chancroid is a sexually transmitted infection caused mainly by the bacterium haemophilus ducreyi (Stoppler and Davis, n.d.). This disease is usually present in persons infected with HIV. The symptoms of this disease include painful, open sores on the genitals, swollen tender lymph nodes in the groin, rectal bleeding, painful intercourse, or vaginal discharge. Any of these symptoms may occur but not all may be found in patients with chancroid. The CDC recommends azithromycin, ceftriaxone, ciprofloxacin, or erythromycin. Azithromycin and ceftriaxone are more preferable because they offer single-dose treatments. Meanwhile, some patients have reported resistance to either ciprofloxacin...
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper

Genital Herpes Sexually Transmitted Disease

...Genital Herpes Sexually Transmitted Disease Genital Herpes is a sexually transmitted infection affecting the genital area of human body. It is a contagious disease caused by herpes simplex virus type 1 or 2 (HSV-1 or HSV-2) of the family Herpesviridae. According to WHO and CDC, genital herpes is more common in United States with 45 million people infected and about 500,000 cases seen every year. Transmission of infection from male to female occurs more easily and is more prevalent in women than men. Pregnant women with infection can pass it on to babies, around 3000-10,000 infected babies are born every year (Marshall Cavendish, 364). One out of six people of 14 - 49 years of age have the infection. Herpes virus is transmitted...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Sexually Transmitted Diseases Surveillance

... Topic: Pathogenic Microbe Assignment 4th December Syphilis Syphilis is a sexual transmitted disease caused by bacterium the bacterium Treponema pallidum. The disease is transmitted via sexual contact with infected individuals. Infected individuals especially those at the latent stage are the reservoirs for the bacterium. The disease may be spread through skin contact with infected individuals or even through contact with mucous membranes of the anus, mouth, lips and genital organs. Congenital syphilis is also possible during pregnancy where an infected mother may pass the bacteria to the unborn baby. Syphilis exhibits the symptoms of most diseases such as HIV. Except for the congenital syphilis, syphilis occurs in four distinct stages...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)

... Why do you think some people do not seek treatment for STIs? Be specific and explain your answer? Definitely,Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) contribute to several social and psychological repercussions to the point of making it a major barrier to one’s social life. Generally, infected people refuse to seek treatment of their illness for the fear of rejection, discrimination, judgment, being ridiculed and ostracism or social stigma along with the fear of getting negative behaviors and attitudes from people whom they love and depend on. “Victims do not discriminate but people around them do” (Tomaszewski 2012). Sufferers of STI are most likely to experience health related societal stigma, hence, they tend to isolate themselves...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Sexually Transmitted Disease Brochure

... Brochure: Syphilis What is syphilis: Syphilis is a highly infectious sexual transmitted disease, caused by a spiral twisted bacterium known as Treponema pallidum that affects many body organs and parts, including the genitals, brain, skin, and nervous tissue. It may cause long term complications or death if left untreated. How is syphilis transmitted: Syphilis is mainly spread through sexual intercourse, including anal and oral sex. The disease may occasionally be transmitted through close bodily contact with a syphily sore: Sores may be located in the vagina, penis, rectum, lips, or the anus, expectant women with the disease may pass it to their unborn fetus. Syphilis cannot be transmitted through physical contact...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

Accumulated Oppression in Sexually Diverse Youth

... Accumulated Oppression in Sexually Diverse Youth Sexually diverse populations, both as individuals as well as entire sub-groups and communities, have long been the victims of derision, hatred, and discrimination as a result of their sexual orientation. The notion that the only appropriate sexual behavior socially permitted is between a man and a woman and all other forms of sexuality is deviancy, known as heterosexism, has been inflicted upon the LGBT community for eons. Heterosexism is not, however, the only threat encountered by many members of the LGBT community, not the least of which are those who are arguably the most vulnerable; adolescents. In the midst of what is already a very difficult time of self discovery...
17 Pages(4250 words)Research Paper

The Increasing Prevalence of MRSA Skin Infections in the General Population

This review addresses issues concerning the increasing prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) skin infections in the general population and current treatment strategies. MRSA diseases have constituted a formidable clinical challenge for several years. Although the pathogen has been typically associated with health care environments and patients who have been exposed to some form of hospitalization-related treatment (i.e. healthcare-associated MRSA), an emerging development has been the increasing occurrence of community-associated or community-acquired MRSA types, resulting in a new challenge to the medical community.
The classical mechanism of resistance of MRSA to beta-lactam antibiotics is an altera...
17 Pages(4250 words)Case Study

The Use of Cranberry Juice to Prevent Minor Urinary Tract Infections

A search was conducted to find five articles for review, based on the use of cranberries, in the form of juice or other products in the prevention and treatment of urinary tract infection. The keywords used in the search were cranberry + cranberry juice + urinary tract infection. No exclusion keywords were used. The main databases used in the search for research studies on the topic, were: EBSCOhost, CINAHL, Highwire Press BMJ Publishing Group and PubMed Central. The Abstract summarizes the comparative study between cranberry-lingonberry juice and Lactobacillus GG drink, with respect to the purpose of the study, the methods used and the findings. Sufficient information was provided to invoke interest in the topic of study. Some im...
17 Pages(4250 words)Article

Condoms or Other Forms of Birth Control: Discussion of Sex and Being Sexually Active

Birth control measures at school are a highly debated topic among the public because of the controversies associated with it. Some people strongly support such measures in schools while others strongly disapprove it because of the consequences it may create for the children in future. HIV/AIDS like Sexually Transmitted Diseases are increasing day by day and safe sex is the only option in order to prevent it. It is not possible to distinguish a normal person from an HIV infected one by physical appearance or behavior. Moreover, some people may not aware that they are the carriers of HIV/AIDS. So while engaging in sexual activities unknowingly they are transferring the viruses to the others. It is possible that children of known and...
12 Pages(3000 words)Research Paper

The Use of Prophylactic Antibiotics to Reduce the Instances of Surgical Site Infections: a Stetler Model Approach

... to delay the procedure due to error. Overlooking a patients blood glucose levels, liver function tests and the like could complicate an already dangerous procedure leading to infection or compromised recovery, also leading to infection. Prior to arrival, the physicians orders for all medications will have been received. The pharmacy will have had them prepared and then enter the digital EMR log which will be transmitted to the appropriate floor stations and to the portable tablets. An alert will signal that the medications are available and to be administered. Using a personal code the nurse or other staff will enter that they have received the order and have taken it. Until the order is administered and the nurse administers...
11 Pages(2750 words)Research Paper

Social Work in Assessing the Needs of Sexually Abused Children

...How Social Workers can apply the Ecological Approach in Assessing the Needs of Sexually Abused Children and how these needs can be met The fact that social work is a challenging practice cannot be overstated. This is especially true in the case of children where social work intervention is frequently criticised across several sections of society including the media and in scholarly work. Sexually abused children are a significant and important category of social work in England and Wales as statistics from Radford et al (2011, pp. 45) indicate. A strong response is thus imperative from the social work practitioners, and one of the methods through which better child social work with children can be achieved is through the ecological...
16 Pages(4000 words)Research Paper

Microbiology and Chemistry, Bacterial and Fungal Infections

... of practical sessions, amoxicillin sodium and amoxicillin trihydrate, indicate which is used in which type of pharmaceutical preparation (1 mark). Amoxicillin sodium is used in the treatment of certain types of bacterial infection Amoxicillin trihydrate is used in the treatment or prevention of various types of bacterial infections 2. In Session 1, you determined the absorbance of a series of concentrations of amoxicillin sodium. Insert your spectra here. Insert your image as a jpeg in the box below, do not copy and paste the image as it may not resize correctly. Do not exceed this page – PTO 3. Complete the table below indicating the values for absorbance ‘A’ and the concentration in mM that were determined in Session 1. (6 marks...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

The Improvement of Healthcare Associated Infections (HAIs) Control

... & Martinko, 2010, p. 925). The mission of an infection control program in any hospital is ensuring continuous improvements in the delivery of patient care. This is possible through structured surveillance that reviews, analyzes and reports healthcare associated infection rates. The overall intention of the program is identification and reduction of the risks of acquiring and transmitting infections among patients, staff, physicians and visitors to the institution (Rello, Kollef & Diaz, 2010, p.199). The infection control staff may recommend special measures for the known transmissible infections. Everyone in a hospital setting, including the visitors, should recognize the increased risks of infections, and where appropriate, even...
40 Pages(10000 words)Literature review

Chlamydia Trachomatis Infections in Adolescence Girls

... common factor in Chlamydia trachomatis infection and plateaus between age 18 and 24 years and declines after age 24 years and (2) ethnicity, which shows variations across ethnic groups with some ethnic groups have higher probabilities of infection than others (Leon, Konda, Klaussner, Jones, Caceres and Coates, 2009). Existing data also show variation in the trend and incidence of the infection across geographical regions in the United States and is the highest among sexually transmitted infections, according to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2011). Analysis of published data on the infection over the decade from the year 1999 to 2009, for instance, indicated a prevalence rate of 6.8 percent among teenagers above...
35 Pages(8750 words)Admission/Application Essay

Ordinary Wound Dressing and Surgical Site Infections

This paper tells that the wound dressing is central to the management plan of wounds while the emergence of wound infections makes surgical wounds hard for the nurses to deal with. The practitioners are particularly challenged when they have to choose specific ordinary or antimicrobial dressing styles. Making the appropriate choices fastens the healing process it cuts healing costs and improves the patient’s experience. To empower nurses in this spectrum, innovation has introduced newer techniques that are fairly available in the facilities. These measures have contributed to the elimination of surgical wound infection. More attention has been paid to the psychosocial issues influencing a pers...

16 Pages(4000 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Sexually Transmitted Infections for FREE!

Contact Us