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The Necessity of Sex Education Ampng Young Women: A Way of Preventing the Spread of Sexually Transmitted Disease - Essay Example

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The Necessity of of Sex Education Among Young Women: A Way of Preventing the Spread of Sexually Transmitted Disease I. Introduction In a research done by Center for Disease Control in 2004, In 2004, CDC reported that nearly half of the estimated new STD infections were in patients aged 15 to 24 years…
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The Necessity of Sex Education Ampng Young Women: A Way of Preventing the Spread of Sexually Transmitted Disease

Download file to see previous pages... In the United States, one in four women aged 14 to 19 has an STD (Forhan). What is more disturbing is that in that CDC study that reported 1 out of 4 young women had STD’s, only about half acknowledged to have had sex. Among those who admitted having sex, the rate was even more disturbing — 40 percent had an STD ((1 in 4 teen girls has sexually transmitted disease. Associated Press. 31 November 2008). Because of the prevalence and potentially negative outcomes of these illnesses, it is critical to reduce the transmission of STDs (CDC). Younger women are particularly vulnerable to contracting STD. Blame is most often placed on inadequate sex education, from parents and from schools focusing too much on abstinence-only programs. Add to that a young person’s sense of being invulnerable (AP)… many teens don’t think they’re at risk, but also, some doctors mistakenly think: “Sexually transmitted diseases don’t happen to the kinds of patients I see” (1 in 4 teen girls has sexually transmitted disease. Associated Press. 31 November 2008) II. Common STD Among Teens The following are the most common Sexually Transmitted Disease infection among young women aged 15 to 24 (Wasik, pg. 81-83)that is avoidable if only these young girls are aware on how to protect themselves when they decide to have sex. Chlamydia. Chlamydia trachomatis infection is the most frequently reported sexually transmitted infectious disease in the United States and continues to be an important risk factor for pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), ectopic pregnancies, urethritis, cervicitis, chronic pelvic pain, and infertility. . . In women, the highest age-specific rates were among patients aged 15 to 19 years (3,004.7 cases per 100,000) and those aged 20 to 24 (2,948.8 cases per 100,000). A review Genital herpes. Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and type 2 (HSV-2) infections are both chronic, lifelong viral infections. Approximately 50 million people in the United States are infected with HSV. Genital warts. The relationship between HPV and cervical cancer and genital warts has been recognized for many years. Although Gonorrhea. Untreated gonorrhea can lead to cervicitis, urethritis, proctitis, PID, adverse outcomes in pregnancy, and increased susceptibility to and transmission of HIV. . . Each year, an estimated 600,000 new cases of gonorrhea occur. Bacterial vaginosis. Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is polymicrobial syndrome that causes 10% to 30% infectious vaginitis cases in women of childbearing age. Bacterial vaginosis is the result of an overgrowth of Gardnerella vaginalis, Myoplasma hominis, Mobiluncus species, Bacteroides species (excluding Bacteroides fragilis), and Peptostreptococcus species. Trichomoniasis. There are >170 million cases of trichomoniasis annually worldwide, including >7.4 million new cases annually in North America. Trichomoniasis vaginalis is the protozoan that causes trichomoniasis. III. Reason for the Prevalence of Sexually Transmitted Disease Among Young Women. Inferring to the above data, the prevalence of STD’s among young women is more pervasive than the 25 % or one out of four women infection rate. In that 25 % infection rate, that already included the entire sample population of the CDC study which only almost half acknowledged to have had sex and the other half on abstinence. And among those who acknowledged to h ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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