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Demography of Yemen - Essay Example

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Background: North Yemen got independence from Ottoman Empire in 1918. The protectorate area was set up by the British around the southern port of Aden in 19th century and withdrew in 1967 from the area which was later declared South Yemen. Three years later the southern part witnessed Marxist orientation…
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Demography of Yemen
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Download file to see previous pages It is to be noticed that this huge economic gap between the Arab countries is a recent phenomenon. In 1960s this gap was quite narrow with the exception of Kuwait and Libya. In 1968 the per capita GNP in Sudan was $130, $190 in Egypt, $290 in Syria and $500 in Saudi Arabia. But five following factors dramatically widen the gap since 1970s. (Winckler, 2005)
The important factor of the poor socioeconomic condition in Yemen is political instability which hampers the socioeconomic development plans. Thus, despite the extensive natural resources of oil Yemen remains the poorest countries of the world.
Encarta defines demography as "the study of human populations, including their size, growth, density, and distribution, and statistics regarding birth, marriage, disease, and death" The term demography hoists many images. Some people take it as set of numbers and tables to others it is a target group of commercial organizations trying to sell their products. All these views support the static entity of population. But to demographer it has dynamic aspect for the population is changing in many facets. (Winckler, 2005). The changing factors are fertility, mortality and migration. "Other dynamic aspects are the spatial distribution and various socioeconomic characteristics of the population that affect each of the demographic parameters of any given society." (Hameuchad, 1995)
The population growth rate remained close to 3. 5% and it makes Yemen the fastest growing country in the region. "Yemen's estimated population of 20m is projected to grow to 70m by 2050." (Oxford Business Group, 2008)
Yemen: Economic and Demographic Indicators. 2006-11
Population
Population Growth %
GDP
At current prices
GDP
Per capita (at PPP)
Average household size
Labor force
Unemployment
Rate %
2006
21,622,000
3.08
19,106
884
710
7,287,212
26.2
2007
22,290,000
3.09
21,664
972
710
7,578,593
27.7
2008
22,978,000
3.09
25,863
1,126
710
7,881,885
29.9
2009
23,678,000
3.09
31,577
1,333
710
8,197,253
27.3
2010
24,398,000
3.00
34,261
1,404
710
8,349,000
27.1
2011
25130,000
3.00
35,511
1,453
710
10,612,036
27.1
Source :(Oxford Business Group, 2008)
Indicators
2008
1995
2005
2015
2025
Population
Midyear population (in thousands)
23,013
14,864
20,745
29,193
39,696
Growth rate (percent)
3.5
3.0
3.5
3.3
2.8
Fertility
Total fertility rate (births per woman)
6.4
7.4
6.7
5.8
4.7
Crude birth rate (per 1,000 population)
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